Instrumentation & Measurement Magazine 24-4 - 33

[7] S. Casciaro, L. Massoptier, F. Conversano, A. Lay-Ekuakille,
E. Casciaro, R. Franchini, R. Verrienti, and A. Malvasi " Fully
automatic segmentations of liver and hepatic tumors from 3-D
computed tomography abdominal images: a new adaptive
initialization method, " IEEE Sensors J., Special Issue on Sensors for
Non-Invasive Physiological Monitoring, vol.12, no. 3, pp. 464-473,
2011.
[8] S. Pabisch, B. Feichtenschlager, G. Kickelbick, and H. Perterlik,
" Effect of interparticle interactions on size determination of
zirconia and silica based systems-a comparison of SAXS, DLS,
BET, XRD and TEM, " Chem. Phys. Lett., vol. 521, pp. 91-97, 2012.
Fig. 7. Uncertainty based on GUM standard.
Conclusions
The paper proposed two algorithms adapted for the scope
with inherent potentialities of detecting size and shape of
functionalized SiNP. Their application is a novelty in the
field of nanoparticles, and it is a debut for understanding
the inner evolution of interactions between silica material
with the surrounding others. This novelty is plausible since,
in nanotechnology assumptions, we encounter the following:
predominance of movements and energies at nanoscale.
It means we deal with movement rather than motion, given
the fact movement is in a 3D space, that is all directions are
involved. That is the reason for excellent performance of
PIV with respect to monadic. Analytically speaking, (3) illustrates
high EA
, given the same pixel number N, for high
difference diffusion output and window. This difference
should be squared, yielding high values of EA
images.
References
[1] A. Libermana, N. Mendeza, W. C.Troglerb, and A. C. Kummel,
" Synthesis and surface functionalization of silica nanoparticles
for nanomedicine, " Surface Science Reports, vol. 69, pp. 132-158,
2014.
[2] C. Chiffi, and A. Lay-Ekuakille, " Advanced robotic beds:
perspectives in triggering nanodrugs, " in Proc. IEEE Nanofim
2016, Sep. 2016.
[3] W. Stöber, A. Fink, and E. Bohn, " Controlled growth of
monodisperse silica spheres in the micron size range, " J. Colloid
and Interface Sci., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 62-69, 1968.
[4] D. Bracho, V. N. Dougnac, H. Palza, and R. Quijada,
" Functionalization of silica nanoparticles for polypropylene
nanocomposite applications, " J. Nanomaterials, vol. 2012, pp.1-8,
2012.
[5] S. L. Greasley, S. J. Page, S. Sirovica, S. Chen, R.A. Martin, A.
Riveiro, J. V. Hanna, A. E. Porter, and J. R. Porter, " Controlling
particle size in the Stöber process and incorporation of calcium, "
J. Colloid and Interface Sci., vol. 469, pp. 213-223, 2016.
[6] A. Greco, F. Conversano, R. Franchini, L. Massoptier, A. LayEkuakille,
and S. Casciaro, " Improving automatic segmentation
of tissue-targeted nanoparticles on echographic images, " in Proc.
IEEE Int. Symp. Medical Meas. Application (MEMEA), May 2011.
June 2021
for monadic
[9] B. Lecordier and M. Trinité, " Advanced PIV algorithms with
image distortion-validation and comparison from synthetic
images of turbulent flow, " in Proc. 5th Int. Symp. Particle Image
Velocimetry, Sep. 2016.
[10] A. Lay-Ekuakille, V. Telesca, and G. A. Giorgio, " A sensing and
monitoring system for hydrodynamic flow based on imaging and
ultrasound, " Sensors, vol. 19, 2019.
[11] B.-D. Wang, J. Song, R. Li, R. Han, G. Zheng, and H. Yang, " A
novel particle tracking velocimetry method for complex granular
flow field, " Chinese Physics B, vol. 29, no. 1, art. 014207, 2020.
[12] Y. C. Kuang, M. P. Ooi and A. Rajan, " Analytic standard
uncertainty evaluation of polynomial in normal/uniform random
variables, " in Proc. 2013 IEEE Int. Conf. on Smart Instrum., Meas.
App. (ICSIMA), 2013.
[13] N. Damera-Venkata and B. L. Evans, " Design and analysis of
vector color error diffusion halftoning systems, " IEEE Trans. Image
Process., vol. 10, no. 10, pp. 1552-1565, 2001.
[14] " Guide to the Uncertainty in Measurement, " Bureau International
des Poids et Mesures. [Online]. Available: https://www.bipm.
org/en/publications/guides/gum.html.
Aimé Lay-Ekuakille (aime.lay.ekuakille@unisalento.it,
SM '12) has been with the Department of Innovation Engineering
at the University of Salento, Italy since 2000 and
is currently the Director of Instrumentation and Measurement
Lab I. Prof. Lay-Ekuakille received the Ph.D. degree
in electronic engineering from the Polytechnic of Bari, Italy
in 2001. His main areas of research are: instrumentation
and measurements for biomedical, environmental and
industrial applications; sensors and sensing systems; nanotechnology;
artificial intelligence instrumentation and
measurement; and ageing and characterization of photovoltaic
panels.
Moise Avoci Ugwiri is currently a Ph.D. student in the Industrial
Department of the University of Salerno, Italy. He
received the bachelor's degree in electromechanical engineering
and the master's degree in applied mechanics engineering
from the ISTA University in D.R. Congo. His area of research is
measurement for industrial applications, in particular, signal
processing and fault detection. He is also currently working on
robotics for medical applications.
Marco Di Paola is with the National Research Council, Institute
of Clinical Physiology, Lecce, Italy.
IEEE Instrumentation & Measurement Magazine
33
https://www.bipm.org/en/publications/guides/gum.html https://www.bipm.org/en/publications/guides/gum.html

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