Instrumentation & Measurement Magazine 24-4 - 79

 atan 24D ccD D D ),
e   
2( (
where (6) and (8) are used.
Suppose that min(A(f3
), A(f4
e  
2(
), A(f3
),
)) - max(A(f1
), A(f2
 atan D D D D ),cc,
)) - max(A(f2
(10)
)) > Δ. This is
called the condition [C3]. If this condition holds, then we use:
34
where (7) and (8) are used.
Suppose that min(A(f1
2(
(11)
), A(f4
  atan D D D D ))
e cc , (
)) > Δ. This is
called the condition [C4]. If this condition holds, then we use:
31
(12)
where (5) and (7) are used.
There may be a case where none of the conditions in [C1] -
[C4] holds. It may not be desirable to use a sensor which has
NLOS errors. Among (9), (10), (11), and (12), we select two
equations for ϕe
which do not contain Dj*
. Let ϕe,1 and ϕe,2
indicate
the DOAs derived using the two equations, respectively.
Then, we estimate the DOA as:

  ee
2
e
In this way, we do not use Dj*
errors.

Instrumentation & Measurement Magazine 24-4

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