Instrumentation & Measurement Magazine 24-9 - 11

◗ Space-borne astroparticle physics experiments and space
science
◗ Nuclear-physics measurement of lifetimes of excited
states in short-lived nuclei
Beyond basic science, this new sensor will also constitute
an extraordinary enabling technology for a large spectrum of
applications. Among them, those that would clearly benefit
from picosecond-level TOF measurements are:
◗ TOF mass spectrometry,
◗ TOF-PET with very thin γ-conversion layers and monolithic
silicon sensors [5],
◗ Beam monitoring in hadrotheraphy and other accelerator-based
applications, like crystal-assisted beam-halo
collimation as developed by the UA9 Collaboration.
Furthermore, the application of the PicoAD to photonics
might allow for the production of full fill factor and low dark
noise sensors for light at different wavelengths for example in:
◗ Ranging and TOF-cameras,
◗ X-Ray detection,
◗ Fluorescence lifetime measurement in biological imaging.
References
[1] I. Peric´, " A novel monolithic pixelated particle detector
implemented in high-voltage CMOS technology, " Nucl. Instrum.
Meth., vol. A 582, pp. 876, 2007.
[2] G. Iacobucci, " MONOLITH, Multi-Junction Picosecond
Avalanche Detector for future physics experiments and
applications, " H2020 ERC Advanced project, 2020. [Online].
Available: https://cordis.europa.eu/project/id/884447.
[3] R. Cardarelli et al., " Development of multi-layer crystal detector
and related front end electronics, " Nucl. Instrum. Meth., vol. A 754,
p. 82, 2014.
[4] L. Paolozzi et al., " Test beam measurement of the first prototype of
the fast silicon pixel monolithic detector for the TT-PET project, "
JINST, vol. 13, no. P02015, 2017.
[5] G. Iacobucci et al., " The TT-PET: Thin Time-of-Flight PET project,
SNSF grant CRSII2_160808. [Online]. Available: http://p3.snf.ch/
project-160808.
[6] G. Iacobucci et al., " A 50 ps resolution monolithic active pixel
sensor without internal gain in SiGe BiCMOS technology, " JINST,
vol. 14, no. P11008, Nov. 2019.
[7] C. Allaire et al., " Beam test measurements of Low Gain Avalanche
Detector single pads and arrays for the ATLAS High Granularity
Timing Detector, " JINST, vol. 13, no. P06017, 2018.
[8] G. Iacobucci, L. Paolozzi and P. Valerio, " Multi-Junction PicoAvalanche
Detector, " Europe Patent 18 207 008.6, 2018.
[9] N. Cartiglia, " Ultra-Fast Silicon Detectors: Enabling discoveries, "
ERC Advanced grant 669529.
[10] M. Mandurrino et al., " First demonstration of 200, 100, and 50 μm
pitch Resistive AC-Coupled Silicon Detectors (RSD) with 100%
fill-factor for 4D particle tracking, " IEEE Electron Device Letters,
vol. 40, no. 11, pp. 1780-1783, 2019.
[11] G. Iacobucci, M. Unser and M. Walter, " The 100μPET project:
Pioneering ultra-high resolution molecular imaging, " SNSF grant
CRSII5_198569, 2021.
[12] G. Iacobucci and A. Sfyrla, " A high-granularity silicon pre-shower
detector as a tool for discovery with the FASER experiment at the
LHC, " SNSF grant 20FL21_201474, 2021.
[13] R. Cardarelli, G. Iacobucci, L. Paolozzi and P. Valerio, " Device
and method for measuring the relative time of arrival of signals, "
Europe Patent EP 18181123.3, 2 July 2018.
[14] L. Paolozzi et al., " Characterization of the demonstrator of the fast
silicon monolithic ASIC for the TT-PET project, " JINST, vol. 14,
no. P02009, 2019.
[15] L. Paolozzi et al., " Time resolution and power consumption of a
monolithic silicon pixel prototype in SiGe BiCMOS technology, "
JINST, vol. 15, no. P11025, 2020.
[16] G. Iacobucci et al., " MonPicoAD: a monolithic picosecond
avalanche detector. " [Online]. Available: https://attract-eu.
com/selected-projects/monpicoad-a-monolithic-picosecondavalanche-detector/.
[17]
P. Valerio et al., " A monolithic ASIC demonstrator for the Thin
Time-of-Flight PET scanner, " JINST, vol. 14, pp. P07013, 2019.
Giuseppe Iacobucci is Full Professor at the University of
Geneva, Switzerland and is a Particle Physicist who has participated
in experiments at the HERA ep collider at DESY and
at the ISR and LHC pp colliders at CERN. He is presently involved
in the ATLAS and FASER experiments at the LHC.
For the past ten years, his research group has also been active
in novel silicon sensor technologies for basic science and
applications.
Lorenzo Paolozzi is a CERN Staff Researcher and Titular Professor
at the University of Geneva, Switzerland. He dedicates
his research activity to the development and exploitation of
timing detectors and front-end electronics for high-energy
physics experiments and medical physics applications. He is
member of the ATLAS and FASER experiments at the LHC.
Pierpaolo Valerio holds a Ph.D. degree in microelectronics
engineering and has been working at CERN and then at the
University of Geneva, Switzerland. He designed circuits for
the Medipix/Timepix Collaboration. Since 2016, he has designed
electronics in SiGe BiCMOS processes for monolithic
silicon pixel sensors optimized for timing resolution.
December 2021
IEEE Instrumentation & Measurement Magazine
11
https://attract-eu.com/selected-projects/monpicoad-a-monolithic-picosecond-avalanche-detector/ https://attract-eu.com/selected-projects/monpicoad-a-monolithic-picosecond-avalanche-detector/ https://cordis.europa.eu/project/id/884447 http://p3.snf.ch/project-160808 http://p3.snf.ch/project-160808

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