Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 75

ADS-B Essentials: Part 2

Frequently asked questions
about ADS-B avionics installations
What are the rules?
The Federal Aviation Administration published
two rules in the Code of Federal Regulations in
May 2010: 14 CFR 91 .225 and 14 CFR 91 .227 .
Effective Jan . 1, 2020, aircraft operating in
the airspace defined in 14 CFR 91 .225 are
required to have an ADS-B system to include a
certified position source capable of meeting the
requirements defined in 14 CFR 91 .227 . Aircraft
operating in Class A airspace - from 18,000 feet
mean sea level to and including Flight Level 600
- must broadcast position data using Mode S,
1090 ES . Aircraft operating in designated airspace
exclusively below 18,000 feet MSL can broadcast
the required information using either 1090 ES or a
UAT on 978 MHz .
While the compliance deadline is 2020, the FAA
is encouraging owners to equip their aircraft with
ADS-B well before the mandate goes into effect .
The improvement in situational awareness for
pilots greatly increases safety .
Which type of ADS-B equipment should
an avionics shop install?
There are two types of ADS-B systems:
1 .

Mode S transponder-based equipment
certified to technical standard order (TSO)C166b .

2 .

UAT equipment certified to TSO-C154c .

If an aircraft owner plans to operate above FL
180 or internationally, he or she should be equipped
with Mode S Transponder .
If an owner plans to operate only below FL 180

within U .S . airspace, he or she can equip with
Mode S transponder or with UAT equipment . UAT
equipment provides the ability to receive traffic and
weather data from two no-cost broadcast services,
TIS-B and FIS-B . TIS-B can be received on 1090
MHz, but not FIS-B .
Which type of position source should an
avionics shop install?
The FAA recommends a TSO-C145 or TSOC146-compliant WAAS GPS . These units are
readily available for general aviation and provide
sufficient performance to meet the 14 CFR 91 .227
requirements . General aviation avionics vendors
offer stand-alone receivers and package them with
the ADS-B transmitter or with a GPS navigator .
Can an avionics shop match any ADS-B
equipment with any GPS equipment?
No, an ADS-B transmitter must be compatible
with its installed GPS receiver . ADS-B equipment
manufacturers are beginning to identify this
compatibility (see the list on page 77) . Mixing GPS
systems with ADS-B units in the field is not permitted
unless the equipment combination is shown to be
compatible via a previous FAA certification effort,
e .g ., supplemental type certificate . Contact the
manufacturer to learn which GPS systems are
approved for a particular ADS-B system .
Some manufacturers are marketing
uncertified ADS-B transmitters.
Can these be installed?
Aircraft owners may install an uncertified
Continued on following page...

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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015

From the Publisher
New Avionics Products for 2014
AEA's Value-Added Equation for Aircraft Owners
Attention FAA!
Equipped Like New
In-flight Entertainment
Integrating Mission Capabilities
Lithium Batteries 101
Autopilot Upgrades
Homebuilding Panels: Tackling Wires, Electrons and Circuits
ADS-B Early Adopters
Advertisers Index
ADS-B Installations are Beginning to Take Off
AEA Staff/Board of Directors
Repair Stations
Manufacturers/Distributors
Affiliates
AEA Member Company Index
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - Intro
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - Cover1
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - Cover2
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 1
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 2
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 3
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - From the Publisher
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 5
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - New Avionics Products for 2014
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 7
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 8
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 9
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 10
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 11
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 12
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 13
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 14
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 15
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 16
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 17
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 18
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 19
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 20
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 21
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 22
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 23
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 24
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 25
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 26
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 27
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - AEA's Value-Added Equation for Aircraft Owners
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 29
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 30
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 31
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - Attention FAA!
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 33
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 34
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 35
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - Equipped Like New
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 37
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 38
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 39
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 40
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 41
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - In-flight Entertainment
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 43
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 44
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 45
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - Integrating Mission Capabilities
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 47
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 48
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 49
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - Lithium Batteries 101
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 51
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 52
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 53
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - Autopilot Upgrades
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 55
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 56
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 57
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - Homebuilding Panels: Tackling Wires, Electrons and Circuits
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 59
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 60
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 61
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 62
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 63
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 64
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 65
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - ADS-B Early Adopters
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 67
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - Advertisers Index
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 69
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 70
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 71
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - ADS-B Installations are Beginning to Take Off
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 73
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 74
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 75
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 76
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 77
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 78
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 79
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - AEA Staff/Board of Directors
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - Repair Stations
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 82
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 83
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 84
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 85
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 86
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 87
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 88
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 89
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 90
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 91
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 92
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 93
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 94
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 95
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 96
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 97
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 98
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 99
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 100
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 101
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 102
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 103
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 104
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 105
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 106
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 107
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 108
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 109
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 110
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 111
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 112
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 113
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 114
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 115
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 116
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 117
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 118
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 119
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 120
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 121
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 122
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 123
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - Manufacturers/Distributors
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 125
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 126
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 127
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 128
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 129
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 130
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 131
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 132
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 133
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 134
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 135
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - Affiliates
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 137
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 138
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 139
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 140
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 141
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 142
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - AEA Member Company Index
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 144
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 145
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 146
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 147
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 148
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 149
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 150
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 151
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - 152
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - Cover3
Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2014-2015 - Cover4
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