Efficient Plant June 2018 - 26

safety matters program support

How
Do You

Capture
Safety
Data?

Consider using work-permit notes, near-miss reports,
and project-design reviews to help prevent incidents.

AFTER A SAFETY incident has
occurred in a plant, safety data is
typically captured through an investigation, root-cause analysis, and/or
specific documentation, as required
by the Occupational Safety and Health
Administration, Mine Safety and
Health Administration, Washington
(OSHA.gov and MSHA.gov, respectively), or other regulations. The data
captured during these investigations
is used to identify actions that will
prevent recurrence of an incident. But
what about capturing safety data before
incidents occur?
According to information provided
by Life Cycle Engineering, Charleston, SC (LCE.com), work permits,
near-miss reports, and project-design
reviews are rich sources of safety data
that can be used to proactively reduce
the risk of incidents.

WORK PERMITS

Safety is everyone's business. All employees should be
encouraged to identify unsafe conditions and report nearmiss incidents.

26

| EFFICIENTPLANTMAG.COM

A work permit that requires the person
doing the work and an operator to
walk through a job site and focus on
any safety concerns and actions that
will be taken to reduce risks can be
a valuable tool. The safety concerns
and corrective actions can be captured
on the work permit and reviewed to
reduce risks on future jobs. Example
concerns and actions include:
 Difficult-to-reach and overhead
work-build scaffolding platform.
 Standing water in an area where
welding is planned-relocate welding
equipment and leads away from water.
 Other job in progress above work

area, possible tools or parts falling-
stagger jobs and provide overhead
protection.
 Poor communication between
hole watch and personnel in confined
space-obtain radios.

NEAR-MISS REPORTS
Near-miss incidents in industry,
i.e., unplanned events that could have
caused, but didn't, human injury, environmental or equipment damage, or
disruptions of normal operations, are
not uncommon. The numbers of
"close calls" emphasize the importance of reporting such incidents. All
employees should be encouraged-and
feel free-to do so. Collecting and sorting near-miss data can help prioritize
efforts to correct unsafe conditions.

PROJECT REVIEWS
Project reviews at the design stage
should include maintenance, production, and reliability representatives to
help identify safety concerns before the
project is built or installed. Access to
equipment for maintenance, as well as
the ability to isolate equipment, lock
out all power sources, and eliminate
unnecessary difficult-to-reach locations are some of the details identified
during project reviews. Pinpointing
unsafe conditions before the project
is built or installed can significantly
improve safety. EP
For more insight on a wide range of important workplace topics, visit Life Cycle
Engineering at LCE.com.

JUNE 2018


http://www.OSHA.gov http://www.MSHA.gov http://www.LCE.com http://www.LCE.com http://www.EFFICIENTPLANTMAG.COM

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