Efficient Plant March 2020 - 24

department | on the floor

is becoming an everyday experience and will
eventually become commonplace in industrial applications.
I've been looking for affordable,
easily implemented, and practical AR
applications. The technologies exist,
but it's been rather challenging to
assemble the correct people to develop
the content and experience/learn from
early failures and usability shortfalls.
Those steps must occur before we are able
to scale up the technology at reasonable costs.
Several large companies are spending significant money to eventually end up with a workable
solution. Some of them are seeing the benefits in
operations and maintenance.
I am going to focus primarily on the maintenance
opportunities of AR. There are several potential
benefits, including reducing human error, faster jobtask learning, shortened repair time, increased use
of knowledge to enable more precision maintenance,
and regulation compliance. This will lead to reducing breakdowns/increasing uptime, which results in
lower costs and better return on investment.
The challenge is to develop "plant-floor-friendly
and affordable" AR applications that enable such
things as:
	 Real-time access to safety reminders, breakdown
data, maintenance manuals, and step-by-step repair
instructions
	 Proper disassembly and assembly steps
	 Mapping out and inspecting assets
	 Receiving and closing out work orders
	 Assistance in finding issues and suggestions for
potential fixes
	 Being able to accurately document work performed, and track parts used and on what assets
	 Checklists and where/how to look for potential
condition-based issues
	 Easy remote assistance when needed and for
training
	 Improved safety practices overall (but making
sure that wearing goggles does not become a safety
issue).

24

| EFFICIENTPLANTMAG.COM	

EP2003onthefloor.indd 24

In the short run, and because of cost effectiveness,
I anticipate more use of smart mobile devices, likely
in combination with some wearables. According
to a 2018 Statista survey, "smartphone-based VR/
AR (virtual reality/augmented reality) devices were
used by 77% of the respondents in the United States"
(https://www.statista.com/statistics/830508/us-virtual-augmented-reality-users-by-device/). However,
the complexity of today's machinery, equipment, and
controls will, at some point, require some type of
headset or smart glasses for hands-free use to allow
the necessary level of intervention.
Another related term that you'll be hearing more
often is human augmentation (or Human 2.0), which
is the use of technology to enhance a person's cognitive and physical experiences. This can be something
on the body or inside the body, i.e., wearable devices
that sense whether you're falling asleep while driving
or working heavy equipment on long nightshifts.
Human 2.0 also has many obvious medical benefits, such as aiding vision and perception, prosthetics,
strength-increasing gloves, and exoskeletons. AR
and wearable technology, interacting with each other
and the internet, is all about human augmentation.
This also touches on many areas of human factors/
ergonomics.
The organizations that understand how instilling
a robust reliability and maintenance (R&M) culture
and process can contribute to achieving a highly efficient and effective operation will have a competitive
advantage. Proper implementation of R&M best practices typically results in better safety, greater uptime/
throughput, improved quality by reducing variation,
and lower costs. By planning for and integrating AR
with maintenance technologies and practices, the
current R&M benefits can be further improved. EP

Based in Knoxville, Klaus M. Blache is director
of the Reliability & Maintainability Center
at the Univ. of Tennessee, and a research
professor in the College of Engineering.
Contact him at kblache@utk.edu.

MARCH 2020

2/18/20 3:27 PM


https://www.statista.com/statistics/830508/us-virtual-augmented-reality-users-by-device/ http://www.EFFICIENTPLANTMAG.COM

Efficient Plant March 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Efficient Plant March 2020

Efficient Plant March 2020 - 1
Efficient Plant March 2020 - Cover1
Efficient Plant March 2020 - Cover2
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 1
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 2
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 3
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 4
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 5
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 6
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 7
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 8
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 9
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 10
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 11
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 12
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 13
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 14
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 15
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 16
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 17
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 18
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 19
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 20
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 21
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 22
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 23
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 24
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 25
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 26
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 27
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 28
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 29
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 30
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 31
Efficient Plant March 2020 - 32
Efficient Plant March 2020 - Cover3
Efficient Plant March 2020 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/efficient-plant-june-2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epapril2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epmarch2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epjanfeb2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epjulyaug2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epjune2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epmay2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epapril2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epmarch2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epfeb2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epjan2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epnovdec2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epseptoct2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epmay2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epapril2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epmarch2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epfebruary2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epjanuary2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epdecember2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epnovember2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epoctober2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epseptember2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epaugust2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/0818schneider
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epjuly2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epjune2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epmay2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epapril2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epmarch2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epfebruary2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epjanuary2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epdecember2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epnovember2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/epoctober2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/mtsept2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/mtaugust2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/mtjuly2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/mtjune2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/mtmay2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/mtapril2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/mtmarch2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/mtfebruary2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/mtjanuary2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/mtdecember2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/mtnovember2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/mtoctober2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/mtseptember2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/mtaugust2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/mtjuly2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/mtjune2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/mtmay2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/mtapril2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/mtmarch2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/mtfebruary2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/mtjanuary2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/mtdecember2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/mtnovember2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/mtoctober2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/mtseptember2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/MTAugust2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/MTJuly2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/MTJune2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/M
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/0415endress
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/MTApril2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/MTMarch2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/MTFebruary2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/MTJanuary2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/MTDecember2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/MTNovember2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/MTOctober2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/MTSeptember2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/MTAugust2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/atp/MaintenanceTechnology/MTJuly2014
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com