Efficient Plant November 2017 - 36

feature | lubrication strategies

Fig. 2. Section 2 of
an SDS requires that
pictograms (icons or
infographics) be included
to denote, in a visual way,
any hazards associated
with a lubricant. This
pictogram indicates an
aspiration hazard.

36

ry-but GHS-required-elements (Sections
12 to 16). The information is similar to
that found in an MSDS, but is now
presented in a more consistent format.
Here, based on OSHA requirements,
and using a standard air-tool oil lubricant as an example, is an overview of
the 16 sections.
Section 1: Identification. This section
identifies the lubricant by the common
name found on its labeling and any other
synonyms used to identify the product worldwide, as well as the detailed contact information
for the manufacturer or importer, and an emergency
phone number. This section also describes the recommended use of the product, i.e., lubricant, and any
restrictions on its use.
Section 2: Hazard Identification. This section
identifies any hazards associated with the lubricant's
use and details the appropriate warning information
for the product. Details of the standard air-tool oil
lubricant in our example would include:
Classification Category: Category 1- Aspiration
hazard
S Signal Word: Danger
S Hazard Statement: "May be fatal if swallowed and
enters airways"
S Pictogram: Icon or infographic that represents the
aspiration hazard visually (Fig. 2)
S Precautionary Statements: If swallowed-"Immediately call a poison center or doctor. Do NOT
induce vomiting. Store locked up."
S Other Hazard Statement: "6% of the mixture
consists of ingredient(s) of unknown acute toxicity."
(or similar statement referring to the percentage of
unknown toxicity that is present in the product's
ingredients).
Section 3: Composition/Information on Ingredients. This section describes the ingredient substances
and mixtures contained in the product that must also
include any impurities and stabilizing additives. If
the concentration of ingredients is a trade secret, a
statement must be made here. Details of our example
air-tool oil lubricant would include:
S Chemical Name: Mineral oil, petroleum
S CAS Number: Unique identifier, i.e., the product's

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Chemical Abstracts Number (CAS# 8042-92-3)
S Statement: "The exact percentage (concentration)
of composition has been withheld as a trade secret in
accordance with paragraph (i) of 1910.1200."
Section 4: First Aid Measures. This section covers
the initial care and recommendations that can be
provided by untrained responders to an individual exposed to the lubricant. Details of our example air-tool
oil lubricant would include:
S First Aid Measures by Exposure Type: Inhalation-"If breathing is difficult, remove victim to
fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable
for breathing." And, "Seek medical advice/attention
if you [the victim] feel unwell."
S Most Important Symptoms and Effects: Inhalation-"May cause respiratory tract irritation."
S Recommendations for Immediate Medical Care
and Special Treatment: Note to Physician-"Treat
symptomatically. Symptoms may not appear immediately. In case of accident or if you [the victim] feel
unwell, seek medical advice immediately." (Show the
label or SDS where possible.)
Section 5: Fire-fighting Measures. This section
covers recommendations for fighting a fire caused by
a lubricant. Details of our example air-tool oil lubricant would include:
S Extinguishing Media: Suitable-"Treat for surrounding materials." Unsuitable-"None known"
S Specific Hazards: Products of combustion include,
but are not limited to, oxides of carbon.
S Protective Equipment and Precautions for Firefighters: "Wear full firefighting turnout gear (full
Bunker gear) and respiratory protection (SCBA).
Keep upwind of fire."
Section 6: Accidental Release Measures. This section provides appropriate response recommendations
for spills, leaks, or releases of the product, including
information on containment and cleanup practices.
Details of the example air-tool oil lubricant would
include:
S Personal Precautions: "Use personal protective
equipment recommended in Section 8. Isolate the
hazard area and deny entry to unnecessary and
unprotected personnel."
S Environmental Precautions: See Section 12 for
ecological information.

NOVEMBER 2017


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