The Crush May 2023 - 2

for 400 landowners and residents on forest health and
wildfire resilience.
NVV also provided startup funding in 2022 for the
installation and operation of three IQ FireWatch
multispectral fire and smoke detection sensor cameras
in Napa County placed on Atlas Peak, Spring Mountain,
and Clover Flat. The cameras are supplied and
monitored by Illumination Technologies California,
based in Calistoga. According to Marcela Hernandez
of Illumination Technologies, there are plans to install
another camera this year on Wappo Hill near Silverado
Trail to provide 48 percent coverage of the land area in
Napa County. Eventually, a network of 12 cameras would
provide 98 percent coverage of the county. Each camera
continuously rotates 360 degrees taking about 3 minutes
for a full rotation, and they operate 24/7 during the fire
season. Hernandez said, " With the cameras and network
we can locate a detection point as close as 6 feet to
where the fire started, and we can provide notification
to the appropriate fire agencies within 6 minutes after
detection. "
The technology was originally developed for the
European Space Agency (ESA). FireWatch detection
cameras are in use in 14 countries in Europe, and more
than 350 cameras are operational worldwide on four
continents. IQ FireWatch cameras use a combination of
three optical sensors to detect varying smoke plumes
and flames day or night in various weather conditions:
a monochrome sensor for high-resolution daytime
surveillance; a near-infrared (NIR) sensor for nighttime
detection; and a red, green, blue (RGB) color sensor for
additional spectral information.
Maintain Roads, Fire Breaks, Defensible Space
At the 2023 Napa Fire Resources Fair, Napa Firewise
Wildfire Preparedness Program Director Shari Gardner
highlighted the Roadside Fuel Reduction Program
which has funding to reduce excessive vegetative fuel
along certain Napa County roads at no cost to property
owners and is working with local groups such as the
Mount Veeder Fire Safe Council. As Gardner explained,
" A vast majority of fires start along roads, which makes
vegetation and weed removal along roadways critically
important. " Maintaining fire-safe roadways is important
as they serve as evacuation routes, provide access to
firefighters, and serve as fire breaks and staging areas
during firefighting operations.
Mechanical methods of fuel reduction include mowing,
tilling, and the use of bulldozers and tools for brush
removal down to bare earth to create fire breaks and
roads. Grazing livestock (sheep, goats, and cattle) can
also provide vegetation removal for fire prevention, and
grazing service providers throughout California specialize
in supplying livestock for short-term grazing needs.
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California Grazing Exchange is a website that can match
landowners with livestock providers: https://matchgraze.
com. More information and lists of vegetation removal
contractors and grazing services are at https://
Maintaining defensible space around buildings and
structures by creating a buffer between the structure and
combustible vegetation is essential to reducing wildfire
impacts on developed properties. Under California law,
100 feet of defensible space is required around homes
and occupied structures depending on the Fire Hazard
Severity Zone. Some counties and local agencies have
ordinances that are more stringent than state law, and
it is best to check with the local fire agency for specific
requirements. More information can be found at www.
Prescribed Burn Associations
Local and regional Prescribed Burn Associations have
been forming in California in recent years and more than
20 are in various stages of development. As described
by the University of California Cooperative Extension
(UCCE) Central Sierra Forestry Advisor Susie Kocher, who
helped organize the El Dorado/Amador Prescribed Burn
Association that formed in August 2021. " Prescribed
Burn Associations (PBAs) are groups of landowners
helping each other to both learn how to use prescribed
fire to manage their properties and to help each other
carry it out. They have been common in other states
in the Midwest and Southeast United States but are
relatively new to California. " Visit the California PBA
website for information and to find a local PBA.
UCCE Hires New Fire Advisors
Over the past year, UCCE has hired five new fire advisors
for California, some serving major winegrape growing
regions. Katie Low is the UCCE statewide fire coordinator
based in Auburn and serves Placer and Nevada Counties.
Tori Norville serves Sonoma, Napa, and Marin Counties;
Barb Satink Wolfson serves Monterey, San Benito, Santa
Clara, and Santa Cruz Counties; Alison Deak serves
Fresno, Madera, and Mariposa Counties; and Luca
Carmignani serves Southern California. For information
and a list of fire advisors with contact info see the UCCE
webpage, " Fire in California: Fire Resources and
Information " .
More Information and Resources
* CalFire information and resources to prepare for
* CAWG website - " Wildfire and Smoke Exposure "
* Growers are encouraged to participate in the 2023
West Coast Smoke Exposure Task Force Smoke
Summit on June 7 at 1:00 pm.

The Crush May 2023

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The Crush May 2023

The Crush May 2023 - 1
The Crush May 2023 - 2
The Crush May 2023 - 3
The Crush May 2023 - 4
The Crush May 2023 - 5
The Crush May 2023 - 6
The Crush May 2023 - 7
The Crush May 2023 - 8
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