Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - 18

Photo courtesy Denmarsh Photography, Inc.

can lead to greater protection of natural areas, species conservation and pollution prevention (Kellert, 2008).
Dr. Roger Ulrich led a ground-breaking study that launched
the biophilic design movement in 1984, showing that a hospital
withviews of nature could reduce post-operative stays by 8.5
per cent. Views of nature have also been shown to lower blood
pressure and heart rate (Brown, Barton and Gladwell, 2013) and
improve mental engagement and attentiveness (Biederman and
Vessel, 2006).
Morning sun was shown to result in a 26 to 30 per cent
reduction in stays among bipolar patients (Benedetti et al,
2001) and access to nature led to a 17 per cent improvement in
performance in ADHD patients after a 20-minute walk (Taylor
and Kuo, 2008). The presence of indoor plants resulted in a 21
per cent reduction in sick building syndrome symptoms (Fjeld
et al, 1998) and the presence of trees increased the willingness
of shoppers to pay more for the same items by 15-25 per cent
(Wolf, 2005).
Maximizing natural ventilation was shown to result in a 57
per cent reduction in sick time, 16.7 per cent reduction in doctor visits, 34.8 per cent reduction in hospital stays (Preziosi et
al, 2004) and for students, it resulted in a 14.4 per cent improvement in standardized math test scores (Shaughnessy et al, 2006).
Natural daylight results in higher test scores, faster learning
rate (Heschong, 1999) and improved sleep time by up to 30
minutes (Figueiro and Rea, 2012).
LIVING ARCHITECTURE MONITOR / SUMMER 2018 / 18

When the team at Phipps
Conservatory and Botanical
Gardens began designing
the Center for Sustainable
Landscapes (CSL) in 2007,
we were unaware of the term
"biophilic design". However,
as a botanical garden we were
naturally inclined to maximize
our connections to nature. After
construction was completed
in December 2010, the CSL
became the first and remains
the only building to meet the
Living Building Challenge,
LEED Platinum, Four Stars
SITES and WELL Platinum
certifications.
Through this project, we
demonstrated many ways
that the built and natural
environments could powerfully
intersect to reconnect people
to nature. For example, every
occupied space includes a view
of nature and is within 30 feet

of an operable window. Plants
are located throughout the
building. The building was
designed to maximize natural
daylight and each of its three
floors open out into peaceful
garden spaces. The green roof
is accessible to staff and visitors.
As the design progressed
we became aware of the term
biophilia and the growing
volume of scientific research
to support the role it plays in
creating healthy spaces. We
understood the importance of
building a real-world model
that inspires visitors at Phipps.
Almost half a million visitors
can experience the positive
impacts these designs have on
people's lives.
After we moved into
the CSL, we saw further
opportunities for biophilic
improvements. The atrium of
the building includes a lot of
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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018

Table of Contents
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - I
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - Cover1
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - Cover2
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - Table of Contents
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - A
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - 1
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - 2
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - 3
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - 4
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - 5
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - 6
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - 7
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - 8
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Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - 11
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Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - 18
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - 19
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - 20
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - 21
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Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - 25
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Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - 27
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - 28
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - 29
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - 30
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - 31
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - 32
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - 33
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - 34
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - Cover3
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - Cover4
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - M1
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - A1
Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Summer 2018 - A2
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