OSPE - The Voice - May 2019 - 19

COVER

CAN
ARTIFICIAL
INTELLIGENCE
FUEL THE NEXT
WAVE OF

INNOVATION IN CANADA?
Written by: Emanuel Corthay, P.Eng., on behalf of OSPE's Research and Innovation Task Force

A

rtificial Intelligence (AI) frequently makes headlines, often with broad claims or
pessimistic warnings that human workers are about to be replaced by intelligent
machines. Should engineers care about AI, or should they fight it as a dangerous
trend that threatens to make their profession obsolete?
AI is currently a far cry from the Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) or
superintelligence commonly depicted in movies like Skynet in Terminator or HAL
in 2001: A Space Odyssey. In those cases, the machine is able to perform the full range
of human cognitive activities, including reasoning under uncertainty (with limited
data), self awareness and the ability to understand and provide a deeper explanation
of the world beyond simple pattern recognition.
But beyond specific scenarios such as Amazon's Alexa™ or Google's Home™ speech
recognition that gives consumers the impression of broad intelligence, its capability
is very narrow and limited. For example, intelligent machines are able to recognise a
bottle in a picture today - a feat that seemed impossible even a few years ago - but are
incapable of answering simple questions such as what material a bottle can be made of.
Even so, AI is truly a disruptive technology, shifting the paradigm of how to solve
problems with machines. Instead of giving a computer an input and a list of instructions
(the algorithm) so that an output can be computed, the machine is provided with a
very large number of inputs and correct outputs which the machine uses to learn the
correlation and create a model (the algorithm) for making predictions. That is how
Google Photos™ is able to let you search for a dog in your family pictures for example,
or how indus.ai is able to recognize dump trucks in a live video feed.

AI is currently a far
cry from the Artificial
General Intelligence
(AGI) or superintelligence
commonly depicted in
movies like Skynet in
Terminator or HAL in
2001: A Space Odyssey.

Summer 2019

THE VOICE

19


http://www.indus.ai

OSPE - The Voice - May 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of OSPE - The Voice - May 2019

Table of Contents
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OSPE - The Voice - May 2019 - Table of Contents
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OSPE - The Voice - May 2019 - Cover3
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