Fleet Maintenance - 25

"Certain ELD devices provide end-to-end vehicle inspection (tires, fluids levels, et cetera) that
can provide insights into vehicle conditions," says
Ash Makki, product marketing manager for Volvo
Trucks North America, which offers a full range of
medium to heavy duty trucks. "This will allow for
advanced maintenance planning to avoid downtime. Additionally, if the ELD is enabled by the OEM
to display powertrain fault codes, it will help schedule maintenance before expensive breakdowns."
The thing is, not all ELDs collect that type of
information. When shopping for an ELD, fleets
should specify what they are looking to do, which
will help identify the types of data they need.
"Keep in mind that there are well over 400
different devices that are certified for ELD," says
Brian Mulshine, director of customer experience
for Navistar, a manufacturer of trucks, buses, and
engines whose brands include International.
Navistar has its own ELD/telematics device in
its Class 8 trucks. The latest version, introduced in
June 2019, broadens capabilities to include remote
diagnostics and over-the-air updates. Navistar's
solution can also provide a deeper level of fuel
analytics data.
"Most telematics boxes can't get to that kind of
engineering-level data," Mulshine points out.
Navistar is also integrated with more than 20
telematics providers.
"That means we allow the fleet to use virtually
any ELD they want, and then allow [the device] to
connect to our server to provide a lot of different
tools and information to help [the fleet] improve
safety and maintenance, and overall manage their
businesses," Mulshine says.

Background on ELD and
data collection
The ELD Mandate, which fully went into effect
in December 2019, is an initiative of the Federal
Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA).
The goal is to improve driver safety. How? An
ELD, as opposed to a paper logbook, is designed
to improve the speed, convenience, and accuracy of capturing drivetime. This helps ensure that
fleets are complying with HOS regulations, which
put limits on how many consecutive hours a driver
can drive, along with requiring a certain number
of off-duty hours.
As long as a fleet uses an ELD that has been
registered with FMCSA, the benefits of electronic
logging are assumed to follow. ELD registration is
granted when certain operational requirements
are met with respect to effective recordkeeping,
protection of driver privacy, tamper resistance,
and other factors.
Generally speaking, an ELD syncs with a vehicle's engine to capture data such as date and
time, location, engine hours, and vehicle miles.
The FMCSA does not require an ELD to capture
vehicle performance data such as speed, braking,
steering, etc. However, some ELD systems allow
for such capability, as well as the ability to capture
other vehicle performance data.
"What ability might your ELD have to tell you
something you didn't already know?" asks Chris
Orban, vice president of data science for Trimble

		»While the FMCSA only requires
an ELD to record data on date and
time, location, engine hours, and
vehicle miles, some ELDs offer
additional functionality, such as
engine fault reporting and analysis
or driver vehicle inspection reports.
Photo courtesy of Geotab

Transportation, formerly PeopleNet,
a provider of advanced fleet tracking
and management services. Any ELD
is already capturing information off
of the engine to satisfy HOS requirements. "Why not record as much data
as possible if it will make the driver's
life better and also make things better
for the fleet? Some ELDs keep it pretty
simple in terms of the data they collect, but others
strive to do more."
Trimble's devices, for example, have the ability
to collect a large amount of telematics data from
a truck's engine control module (ECM), helping
fleets do things like analyze fault codes.
"Our devices also monitor things like engine
oil temperature and DPF (diesel particulate filter)
life," Orban points out. The fleet then decides how
much data it wants to collect and analyze, because
the back-end software solution is what allows the
fleet to do that.
"A fleet can choose a more basic solution that is
		»Geotab's GO device is one of many FMCSAregistered ELDs. In addition to basic HOS
information such as location and trip distance,
GO also helps collect data on speed, engine
idling, harsh braking or accelerating, engine
faults, and more.
Photo courtesy of Geotab

solely for ELD compliance, or a more sophisticated solution that might include fuel tax reporting,
data analytics, preventive maintenance, and even
video intelligence," Orban says.
For example, in addition to the HOS data
described earlier, Geotab's ELDs collect a variety
of other information:
Ü	Fuel usage and efficiency monitoring
Ü	Engine fault reporting for proactive vehicle
maintenance
Ü	Accurate insights for International Fuel
Tax Agreement (IFTA) and International
Registration Plan (IRP) mileage reporting with
"true trip miles"
Ü	Availability of Geotab Marketplace solutions
such as refrigerated trailer temperature
monitoring, tire pressure monitoring, and incab cameras
Geotab has also developed a unique driver platform called Geotab Drive. This mobile app works
with Geotab's GO telematics device to streamline
not only ELD compliance, but also Driver Vehicle
Inspection Reports (DVIR) and messaging. Drivers
can easily record their HOS status and complete
inspections right on their mobile device. Fleets can
then stay updated on driver logs and remaining
hours, as well as inspection results. All of this data
can be utilized to get ahead of preventive maintenance actions at the most opportune time: when
a driver is off-duty and before a vehicle suffers a
significant failure.

July 2020 | VehicleServicePros.com

25


http://www.VehicleServicePros.com

Fleet Maintenance

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Fleet Maintenance

Uptime: Fleet feedback from electric truck adoption
Editor's Note: Future-proofing your fleet
Engine idle reduction systems and solutions
In the Bay: Technician training in the digital age
Shop Operations: How fleets can use ELDs to improve preventive maintenance
Volvo LIGHTS establishes path to managing service and maintenance of electric heavy duty trucks
The right fit
Management: Getting in the zone
Diagnostics: How aftermarket diagnostic tools can assist with DPF maintenance
Economic Outlook: The seven percent solution
Fleet Parts & Components
TMC Fall Meeting and National Technician Appreciation Week 2020
TMC Special Section: Letter from the Technology & Maintenance Council
TMC Special Section: Celebrate the individuals who the trucking industry could not survive without
TMC Special Section: TMC Membership - A stepping-stone to the future
TMC Special Section: VMRS - Charting new horizons to improve cost equipment reporting
Tools & Equipment
Guest Editorial: Considerations before buying a mobile lift
Fleet Maintenance - 1
Fleet Maintenance - 2
Fleet Maintenance - 3
Fleet Maintenance - 4
Fleet Maintenance - 5
Fleet Maintenance - 6
Fleet Maintenance - 7
Fleet Maintenance - Uptime: Fleet feedback from electric truck adoption
Fleet Maintenance - 9
Fleet Maintenance - Editor's Note: Future-proofing your fleet
Fleet Maintenance - 11
Fleet Maintenance - Engine idle reduction systems and solutions
Fleet Maintenance - 13
Fleet Maintenance - 14
Fleet Maintenance - 15
Fleet Maintenance - 16
Fleet Maintenance - 17
Fleet Maintenance - In the Bay: Technician training in the digital age
Fleet Maintenance - 19
Fleet Maintenance - 20
Fleet Maintenance - 21
Fleet Maintenance - 22
Fleet Maintenance - 23
Fleet Maintenance - Shop Operations: How fleets can use ELDs to improve preventive maintenance
Fleet Maintenance - 25
Fleet Maintenance - 26
Fleet Maintenance - 27
Fleet Maintenance - Volvo LIGHTS establishes path to managing service and maintenance of electric heavy duty trucks
Fleet Maintenance - 29
Fleet Maintenance - The right fit
Fleet Maintenance - 31
Fleet Maintenance - Management: Getting in the zone
Fleet Maintenance - 33
Fleet Maintenance - Diagnostics: How aftermarket diagnostic tools can assist with DPF maintenance
Fleet Maintenance - 35
Fleet Maintenance - Economic Outlook: The seven percent solution
Fleet Maintenance - Fleet Parts & Components
Fleet Maintenance - TMC Fall Meeting and National Technician Appreciation Week 2020
Fleet Maintenance - TMC Special Section: Letter from the Technology & Maintenance Council
Fleet Maintenance - 40
Fleet Maintenance - 41
Fleet Maintenance - 42
Fleet Maintenance - 43
Fleet Maintenance - TMC Special Section: Celebrate the individuals who the trucking industry could not survive without
Fleet Maintenance - TMC Special Section: TMC Membership - A stepping-stone to the future
Fleet Maintenance - TMC Special Section: VMRS - Charting new horizons to improve cost equipment reporting
Fleet Maintenance - 47
Fleet Maintenance - Tools & Equipment
Fleet Maintenance - 49
Fleet Maintenance - Guest Editorial: Considerations before buying a mobile lift
Fleet Maintenance - 51
Fleet Maintenance - 52
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