Fleet Maintenance - 8

UPTIME

FROM THE EDITORS

Fleet feedback from
electric truck adoption
It's not just about buying the truck; the before and after are critical considerations, too.

By Erica
Schueller
Editorial
Director

@CV_ESchueller

At the end of June, the California Resource
Board (CARB) announced its intention to
address emissions by taking steps to completely
phase out Class 2 through Class 8 diesel truck
operation in the state by 2045. The Advanced
Clean Trucks regulations are designed to incrementally increase the adoption of zero-emission
commercial vehicles in the state. Starting in
2024, vehicle manufacturers will have limitations on the number of diesel-powered commercial vehicles they can sell.
Truck manufacturers like Volvo have
already been heavily involved in the creation
of zero-emission commercial vehicle technology. Earlier this year during a trip to the Inland
Empire of Southern California, I attended the
Volvo LIGHTS program where Volvo introduced its full battery-electric VNR Class 8 tractor and showcased a holistic approach to the
implementation and adoption of battery-electric commercial trucks for fleets.
Since that initial introduction, the initial
program, and truck introduction, a few fleets
have looked to test out the program in the
real world.

Getting infrastructure in place

I recently followed up with Troy Musgrave,
director of process improvement for Dependable
Highway Express, to learn more about what
his fleet has done to prepare for the upcoming
implementation of electric vehicles. Dependable
Highway Express is an asset-based, less-thantruckload (LTL) carrier with primary locations
and service centers in California, Arizona, and
Nevada. Musgrave advises Dependable plans to
have a total of 10 battery electric box truck and
three Class 8 tractor Volvo VNRs added to its
fleet in the next three to five years. To start, the
fleet will pilot three Volvo eVNRs - one box truck
and two tractors - over the next six months.
Dependable also has two Orange EV battery
electric yard tractors, which are already in
operation. Plus, the fleet just switched out its 14
propane forklifts for fully electric ones as well.
As part of the implementation of charging
infrastructure for Dependable's Ontario,
California, location, Musgrave confirms that
the process has taken longer than expected due
to the unknowns of charging station installation requirements for commercial vehicles.
"It wasn't like we could just look at this project
at the beginning and say, 'We know exactly who
we have to talk to first,'" Musgrave says. "It was a
lot of 'Hey, go down this road and then find out

8 Fleet Maintenance | July 2020

forklifts and the additional Volvo trucks once
they arrive.

Maintenance for EV trucks

		┬╗Dependable Highway Express has
utilized two full battery-electric yard
tractors since December 2019.
Image courtesy of Dependable Highway Express

		┬╗Dependable Highway Express recently
switched out its 14 propane forklifts for
fully electric forklifts, pictured here.
Image courtesy of Dependable Highway Express

that you've got a little bit of a barrier here, you're
going to have to back up and turn around and
go this other direction first.' ... There's a sequential aspect to making sure that all the contracts
are completed in an order that will allow [the
process] to keep moving forward."
This included understanding different city,
county, and state requirements, agreements,
and approval processes, Musgrave says. Not
only that, but contracts for different zoning
requirements or installation of conduit, for
example, require separate contracts that may
be contingent upon one another to ensure proper legality and safety of installation.
The positive outcome, however, is that
Musgrave expects the hurdles his team has
managed to smooth out will create a better-defined roadmap for other Dependable facilities
and for other fleets going forward.
"The timelines projected to get all this stuff
organized and done has been a real eye opener," Musgrave says. "Going to the next facility,
we have a lot of lessons learned. I know I would
approach it in a very different way next time."
Musgrave confirms the six charging stations
are now set to receive power by the end of
July, so the fleet can begin to use the electric

Full battery-electric vehicles inherently have
fewer moving parts and systems. This equates
to less chance of vehicle downtime due to
system issues or breakdowns. Volvo discussed
its plan for implementing maintenance, service,
and training for electric trucks during the
Volvo LIGHTS event. Read more on page 28.
While the Volvo eVNR trucks are not yet in
operation at Dependable, Musgrave shares that
he's appreciated the ease with which monitoring the Orange EV terminal tractors has been.
"One of the great things about the Orange
EV tractors is there's a website and basically it
takes me two seconds to go to the website every
morning and [the website] tells me if there are
any alerts that the tractor needs attention,"
Musgrave says.
He provided the example of an alert to
the specific tire location registering with low
tire pressure.
"Without even going out to look at the truck,
you can sit at your desk and see that there's a
problem and then go take care of it," he says.
"You don't have to wait for somebody to report
it or not report it."
He advises that a designated technician at
Dependable currently works with an Orange
EV technician to learn about how to monitor
and service the terminal tractors. The Orange
EV tractors are under warranty currently,
but Musgrave notes the fleet is considering
handling the maintenance on the vehicles once
the warranty ends.
Dependable's technicians will have some
training to manage maintenance and service
for the eVNR trucks, but the fleet will work with
the dealership service facility as well.
For traditional diesel trucks in Dependable's
fleet, Musgrave confirms much of the maintenance work is contracted through the western Mack/Volvo dealership network TEC
Equipment. He expects that will continue with
the Volvo electric trucks as well.
Musgrave anticipates the maintenance and
upkeep for the eVNR electric trucks will be
similar to the fleet's existing Volvo truck monitoring through Volvo's Uptime Center.
While not without headaches or hurdles,
overall, a proactive approach like the process
undertaken by Dependable can help address
challenges with regulations head-on.


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Fleet Maintenance

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Fleet Maintenance

Uptime: Fleet feedback from electric truck adoption
Editor's Note: Future-proofing your fleet
Engine idle reduction systems and solutions
In the Bay: Technician training in the digital age
Shop Operations: How fleets can use ELDs to improve preventive maintenance
Volvo LIGHTS establishes path to managing service and maintenance of electric heavy duty trucks
The right fit
Management: Getting in the zone
Diagnostics: How aftermarket diagnostic tools can assist with DPF maintenance
Economic Outlook: The seven percent solution
Fleet Parts & Components
TMC Fall Meeting and National Technician Appreciation Week 2020
TMC Special Section: Letter from the Technology & Maintenance Council
TMC Special Section: Celebrate the individuals who the trucking industry could not survive without
TMC Special Section: TMC Membership - A stepping-stone to the future
TMC Special Section: VMRS - Charting new horizons to improve cost equipment reporting
Tools & Equipment
Guest Editorial: Considerations before buying a mobile lift
Fleet Maintenance - 1
Fleet Maintenance - 2
Fleet Maintenance - 3
Fleet Maintenance - 4
Fleet Maintenance - 5
Fleet Maintenance - 6
Fleet Maintenance - 7
Fleet Maintenance - Uptime: Fleet feedback from electric truck adoption
Fleet Maintenance - 9
Fleet Maintenance - Editor's Note: Future-proofing your fleet
Fleet Maintenance - 11
Fleet Maintenance - Engine idle reduction systems and solutions
Fleet Maintenance - 13
Fleet Maintenance - 14
Fleet Maintenance - 15
Fleet Maintenance - 16
Fleet Maintenance - 17
Fleet Maintenance - In the Bay: Technician training in the digital age
Fleet Maintenance - 19
Fleet Maintenance - 20
Fleet Maintenance - 21
Fleet Maintenance - 22
Fleet Maintenance - 23
Fleet Maintenance - Shop Operations: How fleets can use ELDs to improve preventive maintenance
Fleet Maintenance - 25
Fleet Maintenance - 26
Fleet Maintenance - 27
Fleet Maintenance - Volvo LIGHTS establishes path to managing service and maintenance of electric heavy duty trucks
Fleet Maintenance - 29
Fleet Maintenance - The right fit
Fleet Maintenance - 31
Fleet Maintenance - Management: Getting in the zone
Fleet Maintenance - 33
Fleet Maintenance - Diagnostics: How aftermarket diagnostic tools can assist with DPF maintenance
Fleet Maintenance - 35
Fleet Maintenance - Economic Outlook: The seven percent solution
Fleet Maintenance - Fleet Parts & Components
Fleet Maintenance - TMC Fall Meeting and National Technician Appreciation Week 2020
Fleet Maintenance - TMC Special Section: Letter from the Technology & Maintenance Council
Fleet Maintenance - 40
Fleet Maintenance - 41
Fleet Maintenance - 42
Fleet Maintenance - 43
Fleet Maintenance - TMC Special Section: Celebrate the individuals who the trucking industry could not survive without
Fleet Maintenance - TMC Special Section: TMC Membership - A stepping-stone to the future
Fleet Maintenance - TMC Special Section: VMRS - Charting new horizons to improve cost equipment reporting
Fleet Maintenance - 47
Fleet Maintenance - Tools & Equipment
Fleet Maintenance - 49
Fleet Maintenance - Guest Editorial: Considerations before buying a mobile lift
Fleet Maintenance - 51
Fleet Maintenance - 52
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