Scottsdale Area Hiking, Biking & Trail Guide - 8

DESERT PLANTS
Scottsdale's Sonoran Desert is overflowing with botanical treasures, from regal saguaro
cacti and lacy mesquite trees to cactus blossoms and wildflowers in all the colors of the
rainbow . Here's a sampling of the desert plants you might see as you explore .
The highly fragrant blossoms
of the Queen of the Night
open only for one night and
close with the morning sun .

Juice from Prickly Pear fruit
buds is used in drinks, syrups
and candy . Prickly pears
produce vibrantly colored
fruit and blossoms .

The Tohono O'odham people
use the leaves of one species
of Yucca for basketry fiber.
Yucca fruits and flowers are
edible fresh or dried .

The bean-like pods of the
Mesquite Tree provided a
source of food for preColumbian desert dwellers .

The Agave is best known as
the plant from which Tequila
is made . It also was cultivated by the Hohokam as a
major food crop .

It's hard to miss the bright
gold blossoms and green,
chlorophyll-bearing trunks
and branches of the Palo
Verde Tree.

Fun Facts

GIANT SAGUA R O
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ExperienceScottsdale .com

The saguaro blossom is the state flower of
Arizona.
A 10-year-old saguaro may measure only
about an inch tall .
Saguaro arms typically appear when the
plant is between 50 and 100 years of age .
A mature saguaro can store one ton of water .
In the right conditions, saguaros can live to
be 150 to 200 years old .
They're considered the " indicator plant "
of the Sonoran Desert because they grow
only here .
It is the largest cactus in the United States
and can grow to 50 feet in height .


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Scottsdale Area Hiking, Biking & Trail Guide

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