Dentaltown November 2017 - 85

and size can be coated with sealer and
introduced in a counter-clockwise manner
to deposit the sealer at the apical terminus.
The master cone coated with a thin layer
of sealer is then slowly introduced to the
apical seat to avoid trapping air or excess
sealer and preventing it seating fully. The
gutta-percha handle is severed with heat at
the orifice or below for a canal footing or a
post space (Figs. 6a-6d).
All variables in an equation are interdependent. In the case of endodontic success,
each procedural event is accountable for
the positive treatment outcome; however,
regardless of its importance, if a concomitant
event doesn't provide a suitable biologic
conclusion, failure ensues. The shrinkage and
instability of root canal sealers have mandated
their use in thin layers and necessitated
techniques to ensure this requirement.
Biominimalism in canal space preparation requires a filling material that replicates
the internal anatomy of the root canal
space, adheres to interfacial dentin and
creates an impervious, irreversible seal at
all portals of exit.
We are almost there; the last mile of
this endodontic marathon will be to obviate
entirely the need for a core point of any
formulation. ■

11.
12.
13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.

25.

26.

27.

Cross-linked Gutta-percha Core-carrier Systems, Single-Cone
and Lateral Compaction Technique. J Endodon Feb
2016;42(2):296-298
Schilder H. Filling root canals in three dimensions. J Endo
April 2006;32(4):281-90
Schilder H. Vertical compaction of warm gutta-percha.
Dental Clinics of North America 1967;723-44
Schilder H, Goodman A, Aldrich W. The thermomechanical
properties of gutta-percha. I. The compressibility of gutta-percha. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1974;37:946-53
Goodman A, Schilder H, Aldrich W. The thermomechanical
properties of gutta-percha. II. The history and molecular
chemistry of gutta-percha. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol
1974;37:954-61
Sathorn C, Palamara J, Messer H. A comparison of the effects
of two canal preparation techniques on root fracture susceptibility and fracture pattern. J Endod April 2005;31(4):
283-287
Pedullà E, Genovesi F, Rapisarda S, et al. Effects of 6
Single-File Systems on Dentinal Crack Formation. J Endod. 2017 Jan 25 in press
Jefferies S. Bioactive and biomimetic restorative materials:
a comprehensive review. Part I. J Esthet Restor Dent Jan/
Feb2014;26(1):14-26
Hench L. Bioceramics: from concept to clinic. J Am Ceram
Soc July 1991;74(7):1487-1510
Best SM, et al. Bioceramics: Past, present and for the future.
J Euro Ceram Soc 2008;28:1319-27
Kossler W, Fuchs J (ed). Bioceramics: Properties, Preparation
and Applications. Nova Science Publishers 2009
Richardson IG. The calcium silicate hydrates. Cem Conc Res
2008;38:137-158
Koch A, Brave D, Nasseh AA. A review of bioceramic technology in endodontics. Roots 2012;(4):6-12
Tran XV et al. Effect of a calcium-silicate-based restorative
cement on pulp repair. J Dent Res 2012;91:1166-1171
Hulbert SF, et al. Ceramics in Clinical applications past
present and future. Proc World Congress-High Tech Ceramics:189-213
Nekoofar MH, Stone DF, Dummer PM. The effect of blood
contamination on the compressive strength and surface
microstructure of mineral trioxide aggregate. Int Endod J
2010;43:782-7921
Gandolfi MG, Iacono F, Agee K, Siboni F, et al. Setting time
and expansion in different soaking media of experimental
accelerated calcium-silicate cements and ProRoot MTA. Oral
Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod December
2009;108(6):e39-45
Koch K, Brave D. Bioceramic technology - the game changer
in endodontics. Endodontic Practice US. April 2009;12:7-11

References
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Gutmann JL. Clinical, radiographic and histologic perspectives on success and failure in endodontics. Dent Clin North
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Sundqvist G, Figdor. Endodontic treatment of apical
periodontitis. In: Ørstavik D, Pitt Ford TR, eds. Essential
Endodontology, , Prevention and Treatment of Apical
Periodontitis. Oxford: Blackwell:1998:242-277
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Geurtsen W, Leyhausen G. Biological aspects of root canal
filling materials-histocompatibility, cytotoxicity and
mutagenicity. Clin Oral Investig 1997;1:5-11
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Ørstavik D. Antibacterial properties of root canal sealers
cements and pastes. Int Endod J 1981; 14:125-133
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Sabeti M, et al. Healing of apical periodontitis after
endodontic treatment with and without obturation in dogs. J
Endodon 2006;36:628-633
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Ray HA, Trope M. Periapical status of endodontically treated
teeth in relation to the technical quality of the root filling and
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Gilhooly RM, Hayes SJ, Bryant ST, Dummer PM. Comparison of cold lateral condensation and a warm multiphase
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Ørstavik D, Nordahl I, Tibbels JE. Dimensional change
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Marin-Bauza et al. Physicochemical properties of endodontic
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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Dentaltown November 2017

Dentaltown November 2017 - Intro
Dentaltown November 2017 - Cover1
Dentaltown November 2017 - Cover2
Dentaltown November 2017 - 1
Dentaltown November 2017 - 2
Dentaltown November 2017 - 3
Dentaltown November 2017 - 4
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Dentaltown November 2017 - Cover3
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