November/December 2022 - 15

new cultivars
because it fills
a gap in the
industry. Wang also compared
Seneca to Pawnee, a popular, earlier
pecan variety.
" It has beautiful cream-colored
kernels and high quality nuts, " said
Chatwin of Seneca, which is more
alternate bearing than other varieties.
Seneca emerges from dormancy
late in the spring and goes dormant
earlier in the fall, which helps it avoid
a lot of the freezing characteristics
typical of northern climates. This
variety, however, should perform
well throughout the pecan growing
region even though it's adapted to the
northern regions and recommended
there. It performed very well in
Central Texas, where it was evaluated.
* Zuni
Zuni is more of an all-arounder than
the other two cultivars. It has good
disease resistance, but most notably it
has consistent, big, well-filled kernels.
" That's the best thing that it's going
to perform well for, " said Chatwin.
The three cultivars also mark a
change with USDA-ARS licensing,
as these are the first varieties to
be patented by the plant breeding
program. Growers and nurseries can
apply for a license by contacting
* Avalon
At University of Georgia's (UGA)
pecan breeding program, research
leader Patrick Conner said that the
2016 release Avalon has gained a lot of
popularity in Georgia due to its high
scab resistance.
" Avalon is very productive, and
it tends to be high-yielding without
needing much crop tending, which is
unusual in pecan cultivars, " Conner
said. " It also shells out pretty well into
complete halves. I would say its size
and quality are good, but not super
great. But the combination of the
productivity and the scab resistance
makes it promising. "
* Kalos
Last year, UGA released Kalos,
which Conner said is a larger, higher
quality nut than Avalon that is very
productive and has a
higher kernel yield. While
it has good kernel yield, it doesn't
have quite the disease resistance that
Avalon has. Kalos is just now being
introduced to growers.
Multiple recent releases have made
self-fertility the name of the game
in new almond varieties. Following
Independence in 2008 and Shasta in
2015, the following self-fertile varieties
are also now available for growers.
* Liberty
Dave Wilson Nursery and Zaiger
Genetics recently released the upright,
prolifically producing Liberty variety,
which harvests about two weeks later
than Independence and helps to ease
the seasonal harvest logjam. Liberty
also has many of Independence's
favored characteristics.
* Pyrenees
Burchell Nursery, who developed
the Shasta variety in its in-house nut
breeding program for 14 years, released
Pyrenees in 2019 and is gaining traction
among growers.
Pyrenees is a medium-sized nut
that harvests about two weeks after
Nonpareil, has a high crack out and
was rated highly for its flavor. It has
a semi-soft shell and a good seal,
" making it better sealed against
worms, " said Tom Burchell,
owner of Burchell
Nursery. " Growers
who have it are
seeing good
production in
second and
third leaf. "
* Yorizane
More recently was
release of selffertile
which was
part of the
2014 Regional Almond
Variety Trial. Yorizane
mimics many of the
characteristics of
* Accurately and rapidly sorts nuts by size
* Proven in use for walnuts, pecans and chestnuts
* Video available at:
1709 Hwy 81 S, P.O. Box 311, Grafton, N.D. 58237
Phone: (701) 352-0480 * Fax: (701) 352-3776
Web site: * E-Mail:

November/December 2022

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