November/December 2022 - 22

PRUNING
PRUNING
Young Pecan
BY CRYSTAL NAY
MANAGING EDITOR
The first four years are important for setting
tree structure
A
significant increase in pecan acreage in Georgia
means lots of new trees. The dormant season is
here, but the activities in the field don't stop. For
pecan, it may be a grower's last chance to plant a winter
cover crop, it's the ideal time to take soil samples, and an
important time to prune new pecan trees.
Pruning sets the stage and guides the structure that will
be required to carry heavy crop loads and withstand shakers
and extreme weather. It's within these first four years that
it's important to prune trees to reset the tree structure,
otherwise it becomes too difficult.
" The first-, second-, third-, and fourth-year pruning is all
focused around a central leader " said Andrew Sawyer, area
pecan agent, University of Georgia (UGA) Extension. " And
when new trees are planted, we cut them in half to alleviate
transplant stress, which allows the tree to survive. "
Year One
The first-year pruning of the tree doesn't specifically
focus on the tree's structure, but rather removes tree
structure all together. What it is designed to do, however,
is have the tree focus on developing a more extensive root
system during the early years instead of the canopy.
In second year pruning, UGA recommends cutting off
all branches except for one big, main branch that will
become the central leader, and then tip the main branch
by a few inches.
Year Two
" Tipping doesn't have anything to do with the height of
the tree, " said Sawyer. " It's done to make the tree grow
more branches next year, by slowing down the growth of
the top part of the tree. "
The third year is similar to the second, where crow's
feet and every branch below 6 ft. is removed.
22 NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2022

November/December 2022

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https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/NNG/january-february-2024
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/NNG/november-december-2023
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/NNG/september-october-2023
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/NNG/july-august-2023
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/NNG/may-june-2023
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/NNG/march-april-2023
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/NNG/january-february-2023
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/NNG/november-december-2022
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/NNG/september-october-2022
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/NNG/july-august-2022
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/NNG/may-june-2022
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/NNG/march-april-2022
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/NNG/january-february-2022
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/NNG/winter-2022
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/NNG/fall-2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/NNG/summer-2021
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