August/September 2021 - 28

Nutrition
INFORMATION ON
INFLAMMATION
By Jackie Atwater, MS, RD, LDN
R
..ecovery is an important
aspect when it comes
..to athletic development.
The ability to efficiently ..recover
directly impacts an athlete's ability
to perform, adapt, and grow. The
term inflammation is frequently
thrown around in the sports world
in regards to recovery, often in
a negative light and with little
context. Anti-inflammatory diets
and supplements are all the craze for
supporting recovery and enhancing
performance. However, there are
misconceptions regarding the
role of inflammation and athletic
performance. While chronic
inflammation can be problematic and
hinder performance and recovery, is
inflammation always bad? If not, how
can we reap the benefits without
experiencing chronic inflammation
and performance decrements?
WHAT IS INFLAMMATION?
To provide context, inflammation
can be defined as the clinical,
physiological, cellular, and molecular
processes that drive the repair of
damaged tissues (Scott et al., 2004).
Inflammation can be divided into
two general phases: initiation and
28 | Training & Conditioning | August/September 2021
resolution (Sansbury et al., 2017).
At the initiation of inflammation,
pro-inflammatory pathways and
mediators such as leukotrienes and
prostaglandins are released at the
site of damage to begin the process.
Think pain, heat, swelling. This does
not just happen with an obvious
injury, it also happens in response to
muscle damage following exercise.
Within two hours of resistance
training inflammatory markers in
muscle are elevated (Vella et al.
2019), and Neubauer et al. (2008)
showed after an Ironman triathlon
parts of the inflammatory response

August/September 2021

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https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/february-march-2024
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/october-november-2023
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/august-september
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/2023-video-playbook
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/june-july
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/tc-april-may
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/february-2023
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/october-november
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/august-september-2022
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/june-july-2022
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/training-conditioning-video-playbook-2022
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/april-may-2022
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/february-2022
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/october-november-2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/august-september-2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/june-july-2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/may-2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/april-2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/april-may-2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/february-2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/october-november-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/august-september-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/may-june-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/april-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/march-april-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/february-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/october-november-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/august-september-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/may-june-2019
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