August/September 2021 - 29

Nutrition
may persist for five days.
Once inflammation is initiated there
become two possible outcomes:
the resolution or progression of the
inflammatory process. Interestingly,
the presence of inflammation triggers
the active process of resolution.
Here, immune cells switch to produce
pro-resolving mediators from the
families of lipoxins, resolvins, and
protectins that begin clearing
debris and healing tissue back to its
normal structure. An uncoordinated
response can result in the transition
from acute to chronic inflammation,
placing athletes at risk for further
injury and performance impairments
(Hannoodee et al., 2021).
Essentially, in an acute setting
(i.e. after exercise-induced muscle
damage), inflammation is a normal
response that is needed for the repair
and growth of tissue. To put it simply,
we need acute inflammation in order
to recover and adapt!
WHAT IS ANTI-INFLAMMATION?
Anti-inflammation refers to
the process of inhibiting proinflammatory
mediators and
therefore disrupting, or pushing
back, the inflammatory process.
It is important to note that antiinflammation
is not synonymous
with pro-resolution. Certain antiinflammatory
approaches can in fact
prolong the inflammatory process
and delay resolution (Serhan, 2007).
For example, chronic use of nonsteroidal
anti-inflammatory drugs
(NSAIDs) can promote chronic
inflammation and potentially impair
muscle and bone development,
in addition to possibly causing
other gastrointestinal, renal, and
cardiovascular adverse events (Doux
et al., 2005).
As you can see, the inflammation
versus anti-inflammation battle
isn't all that simple. In order to
grow, adapt, and perform we need
both inflammation and resolution
to promote tissue regeneration.
Imagine this process as a seesaw,
we don't want it to be too tilted
training-conditioning.com | 29
one way or the other. Rather, we
ideally want a dynamic seesaw that
is able to teeter around the middle
providing inflammatory and resolving
processes when necessary.
NUTRITIONAL CONSIDERATIONS
IN BALANCING YOUR
INFLAMMATORY PROCESS
Nutrition plays an integral role in
the resolution of acute inflammation
and the prevention of chronic
inflammation. There are dietary
approaches that can be taken to
help prioritize recovery and minimize
any damaging effects of long-term
inflammation.
1. Increase consumption of
omega 3 fatty acids
Omega 3 fatty acids (O3FA)
are essential fatty acids, meaning
our body cannot synthesize them,
and therefore, we need to obtain
them from our diet. There are three
types of O3FA: alpha-linolenic acid
(ALA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA),
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August/September 2021

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https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/february-march-2024
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/october-november-2023
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https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/2023-video-playbook
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/june-july
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https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/february-2023
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/october-november
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/august-september-2022
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/june-july-2022
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/training-conditioning-video-playbook-2022
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/april-may-2022
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/february-2022
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/october-november-2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/august-september-2021
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https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/april-may-2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/february-2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/october-november-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/august-september-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/may-june-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/april-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/march-april-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/february-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/october-november-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/greatamericanmediaservices/Training-and-Conditioning/august-september-2019
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