Berks County Medical Society Medical Record Summer 2018 - 11

similarly based on the areas of the visit they
indicated as being important to address,
and no significant differences were found
in their scores on the knowledge quiz or
the attitudes measures. In addition, those
who rated their past experiences with
members of the ID population as being more
positive also tended to hold more positive
attitudes toward people with ID. While few
differences between groups were found, the
development of positive attitudes through
positive experience with the ID population
may in turn influence the quality of patient
care being provided to patients with ID. As
such, these findings may point to a more
promising outlook on the development of
positive attitudes and the ability for the
medical community to implement effective
training practices.

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Quality versus Quantity
of Interactions
Although only 3.8% of the variability
on the attitudes measure was found to be due
to differences in the ID knowledge measure,
participants who rated their interactions
with the ID population as being more
positive also tended to hold more positive
attitudes toward disabled persons. In
contrast, the number of reported interactions
with members of the ID population was
unrelated to attitudes. Further, a significant
relationship was found between personal and
professional experiences in terms of both the
quality and the quantity of those experiences.
It is possible to suggest that those with
more personal experiences may be more
comfortable and, therefore, may be more
likely to treat patients with ID. However,
given that the quality, not quantity, of
experiences correlated with the development
of positive attitudes, it is possible that the
implementation of brief, but valuable,
training experiences for medical professionals
to engage directly with the ID population in
order to enhance positive attitudes toward
this patient population may be feasible
without major disruption to the rigorous
medical school curriculum. This may be
implemented in the form of brief didactic
seminars for professionals or the utilization
of standardized patients (SPs) with ID and
their caregivers in medical student training
programs.

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At a Glance:

Eye	Consultants	of	Pennsylvania,	PC
Lor-Ron	Optical
Pennsylvania	Eye	&	Ear	Surgery	Center
Berks	ENT	Surgical	Associates

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*	 Ample	Parking
*	 24/7/365	Access

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Spring Street
Phone:	610-378-1348		|		Cell:	610-413-1169
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Collaboration with
Caregivers
A unique aspect of treating patients with
ID is the varying degree of involvement
of caregivers. Based on data mining and
the associated caveat in interpretation, the
present study found that medical interns
were significantly more likely than attending
physicians to solicit additional information
from caregivers of patients with ID.
Interestingly, no significant differences were

found between interns and physicians
in terms of their confidence in treating
individuals with ID in the present
study. Hence, it may be suggested that
interns' increased likelihood for soliciting
additional information from a caregiver
was not born out of a lack of confidence
in their ability to treat patients with ID
effectively. It is arguable that the interns'
continued on next page >

SUMMER 2018

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Berks County Medical Society Medical Record Summer 2018

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Berks County Medical Society Medical Record Summer 2018

Berks County Medical Society Medical Record Summer 2018 - 1
Berks County Medical Society Medical Record Summer 2018 - 2
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