Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 7

populations

remote
populations

L C M E D S O C .O R G

Let's give everyone a better chance with
equal access to cancer care for all.

Cervical cancer was once one of the most common causes of cancer
deaths for American women, but the rate has dropped significantly with
the increased use of the Pap test. About 13,170 new cases of invasive
cervical cancer were diagnosed in 2019, with an associated 4,250 women
deaths. In women 21 to 29 years of age, Pap smears using conventional
or liquid-based options should be performed every 3 years. In women 30
to 65 years of age, the preferred screening approach is combined testing
with Pap smear and HPV DNA test performed every 5 years. Screening
should be discontinued in women older than 65 years who have had at
least three consecutive Pap smears with negative results or at least two
consecutive HPV tests with negative results and Pap smears within the
past 10 years, with the most recent test being performed in the past 5 years.
Colorectal cancer is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths
in men and in women, and the second most common cause of cancer
deaths when men and women are combined. An estimated 140,250
persons were diagnosed with colorectal cancer in 2018, with an associated
50,630 deaths. In men and women 45 to 75 years of age, screening
options include the following: fecal immunochemical test annually,
high-sensitivity guaiac-based fecal occult blood test annually, multitarget
stool DNA test repeated every 3 years, colonoscopy every 10 years, CT
colonography every 5 years, or flexible sigmoidoscopy every 5 years. As
part of the screening process, all positive results on non-colonoscopy
screening tests should be followed up with timely colonoscopy. Screening
should be continued until age 75 years, in patients in good health with
a life expectancy of more than 10 years.
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in U.S. men, with an
estimated 164,690 diagnoses in 2018 and an associated 29,430 deaths.
Decisions about screening with a prostate-specific antigen test, with or
without digital rectal examination, should be made using an informed
decision-making process. Physicians should initiate discussions with those
at average risk starting at 50 years of age, with those at high risk (e.g.,
black, family history of a diagnosis at younger than 65 years) at age 45,
and those at even higher risk (e.g., family history of multiple diagnoses
at younger than 65 years) at age 40.
Lung cancer is the second most common cancer in both men and
women (not counting skin cancer); about 13% of all new cancers are
lung cancers. The ACS's estimates for lung cancer in the United States
for 2019 are about 228,150 new cases of lung cancer (116,440 in men
and 111,710 in women) and about 142,670 deaths from lung cancer
(76,650 in men and 66,020 in women). Low-dose helical chest CT
should be performed annually in patients 55 to 74 years of age in good
health, currently smoke or quit within the past 15 years, and have at least
a 30-pack-year smoking history.

Our target

How cancer affects
To reduce our world
premature cancer
deaths and deaths
from non-communicable
Non-Communicable
diseases by Diseases,
25% by 2025.
including cancer is one of the
World Health Organization's
"Ten threats to global health."

Every year,
9.6 million people
die from cancer
everyHow
year.do we get there?
Progress
is possible

3.7 million people can be saved
each yearTimely
if we and
act.

Early
detection
and diagnosis

accurate
treatment

There's a lot we can do.

Because genetic mutations play a role in 5-10% of cancers.
Whereas, 27% of cancers relate to tobacco and alcohol use.

High quality
data and
research

What can you do to
reduce your cancer risk?

Improved
supportive
and palliative
care

Progress
is possible.

Today, there areAvoid
43.8
million
pollutants
people who are and
alive
within
chemicals
(including
asbestos,
5 years of a cancer
diagnosis.
Move more
pesticides and containers
As investment, information,
containing BPA)
diagnostics and treatments
Quit smoking
improve, our chance
of surviving
Get vaccinated
Cut down cancer
on alcohol is getting better.
Choose healthy foods

Be sunsmart & stay
away from solariums

Know the signs
& symptoms

For cited references, visit worldcancerday.org/infographic

SOURCES
https://reference.medscape.com/viewarticle/916204#vp_1
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/914243
https://www.cancer.org/cancer/lung-cancer/about/key-statistics.html
https://www.cancer.org/cancer/colon-rectal-cancer/about/key-statistics.html
https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cervical-cancer/about/key-statistics.html

Join us on 4 February

Learn more
at
Good
health
drives
worldcancerday.org
productivity, social
stability and
economic growth.
WINTER 2019 | Lehigh County Health & Medicine
An initiative of

7


http://www.LCMEDSOC.ORG http://www.worldcancerday.org/infographic https://reference.medscape.com/viewarticle/916204#vp_1 https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/914243 http://www.worldcancerday.org https://www.cancer.org/cancer/lung-cancer/about/key-statistics.html https://www.cancer.org/cancer/colon-rectal-cancer/about/key-statistics.html https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cervical-cancer/about/key-statistics.html

Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019

Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 1
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 2
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 3
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 4
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 5
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 6
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 7
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 8
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 9
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 10
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 11
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 12
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 13
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 14
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 15
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 16
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 17
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 18
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 19
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 20
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 21
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 22
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 23
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 24
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 25
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 26
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 27
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 28
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 29
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 30
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 31
Lehigh County Health & Medicine Winter 2019 - 32
https://www.nxtbook.com/hoffmann/LehighCountyHealth_Medicine/LehighCountyHealthMedicineSummer2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/hoffmann/LehighCountyHealth_Medicine/LCHM_Spring20
https://www.nxtbook.com/hoffmann/LehighCountyHealth_Medicine/LCHM_Winter19
https://www.nxtbook.com/hoffmann/LehighCountyHealth_Medicine/LCHM_Fall19
https://www.nxtbook.com/hoffmann/LehighCountyHealth_Medicine/LCHM_Summer19
https://www.nxtbook.com/hoffmann/LehighCountyHealth_Medicine/LCHM_Spring19
https://www.nxtbook.com/hoffmann/LehighCountyHealth_Medicine/LCHM_Winter18
https://www.nxtbook.com/hoffmann/LehighCountyHealth_Medicine/LCHM_Fall18
https://www.nxtbook.com/hoffmann/LehighCountyHealth_Medicine/LCHMSummer18
https://www.nxtbook.com/hoffmann/LehighCountyHealth_Medicine/LCHMSpring18
https://www.nxtbook.com/hoffmann/LehighCountyHealth_Medicine/LCHMWinter2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/hoffmann/LehighCountyHealth_Medicine/LCHMWinter18
https://www.nxtbook.com/hoffmann/LehighCountyHealth_Medicine/Fall2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/hoffmann/LehighCountyHealth_Medicine/LCHMSummer2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/hoffmann/LehighCountyHealth_Medicine/LCHMSpring2017
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com