NEPA Vital Signs - Winter 2019 Spring 2020 - 27

WINTER 2019-2020

M.D. (1811-1897) who set up the first Army
Field Hospital following the Civil War Battle
of Antietam. He also began construction of
the Scranton State Hospital in 1871. Harold
Fosse, M.D. (1883-1967) was the driving
force in the development of Geisinger and
also served as president of the American
College of Surgeons. Stanley J. Dudrick, M.D.
(1935-present) developed the entire field of
parenteral nutrition and has been ranked by
Medscope as one of the top 25 physicians

The exhibit highlights many
of the donated medical
instruments and written
material from earlier times.
There is a surgical kit
manufactured by C. Lentz and
Sons which was produced in
the 1860s. There is also a
field surgery and amputation
kit that probably dates
back to the Civil War. Also
displayed is a collection of
stethoscopes starting with
the classic Wooden Stem
stethoscope developed by Dr.
Rene Laennec in 1816.

in world history. Robert E. Wright, M.D.
(1937-present) pioneered graduate medical
education in the area when he established
the internal medicine residency now known
as The Wright Center, and was a driving
force in the development of the medical
school. Other physicians cited include
Edward Ryan and Isaiah Everhart.
In addition to the aforementioned physicians the exhibit highlights many of the
donated medical instruments and written
material from earlier times. There is a surgical kit manufactured by C. Lentz and Sons
which was produced in the 1860s. There is
also a field surgery and amputation kit that
probably dates back to the Civil War. Also
displayed is a collection of stethoscopes
starting with the classic Wooden Stem
stethoscope developed by Dr. Rene Laennec
in 1816. The copy on display was used by Dr.
Taylor in the early 1900s. Dr. William Osler
was one of the most influential physicians
in the world and he helped found a society
for medical museums in the U.S. around
1900. A letter from him featured in the
exhibit indicates that he heard of Dr. Taylor's
efforts in this regard. Also featured is Dr.
Osler's famous ground-breaking book called
The Practice of Medicine, first edition, 1892.
Dr. Victor Greco of Hazleton provided
copies of the first open heart surgery
records, which included the May 1953 revolutionary heart lung machine developed
N E PA

27

VITAL SIGNS

over a period of 23 years by John Gibbon and
his wife Mary Hopkison while at Jefferson
Medical College that allowed open heart
surgery to occur. Dr. Greco was an intern
on the team, one of the three assistants was
Thomas J. Nealon, M.D. of Scranton, and the
18-year-old patient was from Swoyersville.
Dr. Terrence Sweeney of the University
of Scranton biology department presented
the medical school with a detailed picture
of his heart and circulatory system which is
currently used to teach physiology. Finally
there is a display featuring Dr. Stanley
Dudrick and one of his famous beagle dogs
wearing the apparatus containing the pump
and parenteral fluid that sustained life and
development in a few dogs for many years.
This successful demonstration gave birth to
the field of parenteral nutrition that has been
estimated as saving over 11 million lives.
These are but a few of the items featured
in the collection.
The medical college invites all interested
viewers to not only see the cutting-edge
elements of medical education today
but to see and appreciate a glimpse of
what preceded it.
GERALD TRACY, M.D.,
professor of medicine at Geisinger
Commonwealth School of Medicine.



NEPA Vital Signs - Winter 2019 Spring 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of NEPA Vital Signs - Winter 2019 Spring 2020

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NEPA Vital Signs - Winter 2019 Spring 2020 - 2
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https://www.nxtbook.com/hoffmann/NEPA_VitalSigns/NEPA_VitalSigns_SummerFall2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/hoffmann/NEPA_VitalSigns/NEPA_VitalSigns_WinterSpring2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/hoffmann/NEPA_VitalSigns/NEPA_VitalSigns_SummerFall2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/hoffmann/NEPA_VitalSigns/NEPA_VitalSigns_WinterSpring2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/hoffmann/NEPA_VitalSigns/NEPA_VitalSigns_SummerFall2017
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