PCMS_Philadelphia_Medicine_Spring2017 - 17

p h i l a m e d s o c  .o rg

Temple University's
Medical School,
circa 1932

The Lewis Katz School of Medicine (LKSOM) at Temple medical school faculty numbered 20, and tuition for the first class
University is one of Philadelphia's most vital and dynamic centers of 35 students was $635.
of medical education, research and patient care in the Philadelphia
In 1904, two men who had entered with advanced standing,
region. Long known for the excellence of its clinical training and Frederick C. Lehman and Frank E. Watkins, became its first gradfor a unique spirit of service and commitment to the underserved, uates. Two years later, Sara Allen and Mary E. Shepard became the
LKSOM combines all the benefits of a top-tier state-of-the-art first women to complete the full course and receive their medical
academic medical center with the mission-based, patient-centered degrees. Not long after, the school graduated its first African
practice of a community hospital. Its faculty members are well known American woman, Agnes Berry Montier, who practiced general
for their commitment to being frontline doctors, its researchers medicine in Philadelphia until her death in 1961.
are known for their unwavering dedication to finding real-world
In 1907, to meet medical licensure requirements, the night school
solutions to intractable problems and its students are known for
discontinued and a day program instituted. During that year,
their diversity, hard work and passion.
the medical school joined Temple's dental and pharmacy schools
in buildings located at 18th and Buttonwood Streets.

A Storied History

In 1929, Samaritan Hospital was renamed Temple University
Hospital and ground was broken for a new medical school building
Philadelphia was a different city and medicine a different profes- opposite it on Broad Street that opened the following year. Dr.
sion when Temple University opened its new medical school in 1901. William N. Parkinson, a 1911 graduate, became dean and served
admirably in that position for 30 years. With the opening of the
At that time, medical degrees weren't necessarily a requirement new building, each medical class was increased to 100 students.
for practicing medicine. City residents, in what was then a gritty,
Temple Medical School formed its first formal affiliation
industrial boomtown, were as likely to consult a druggist, a family
with the Jewish Hospital of Philadelphia, now Albert
member or a snake-oil salesman as they were a trained physician.
Medical Center. This, and subsequent hospital and
Most medical care took place in the home, and a hospital stay was
ties, opened doors for more variety of instruction and
often limited to those with the means to afford it.
investigation. Parkinson recruited faculty members with national
The opening of a medical school was a bold undertaking for and international reputations who brought luster to the school
the fledgling Temple University, which had been founded by Dr. through their teaching and practice. Research activities increased,
Russell Conwell just 17 years earlier. Admission and graduation clinical programs expanded, new facilities were built and degree
standards varied widely among the country's many medical schools programs were added.
at the time, and reform wouldn't come for another decade when
Today, Temple's medical school is known as the Lewis Katz
the Flexner Report delivered a scathing review of America's "system"
of Medicine at Temple University (LKSOM) - home to
of medical education.
nearly 1,000 clinicians, scientists, educators and staff. It is a school
Still, Temple's young medical school persevered and set itself that enjoys a national reputation for training humanistic clinicians
apart as a night and weekend venture to accommodate working-class and biomedical scientists, and stands as an academic medical center
citizens who sought to improve their lives - and the lives of others that values not just technical excellence but also diversity, equality
- through medical education.
and inclusion.
Classes were initially held in College Hall, next to Dr. ConContinued on page 18
well's Baptist Temple Church, and clinical instruction took place
at Samaritan Hospital farther north on Broad Street. The original
Spring 2017 : Philadelphia Medicine 17


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