Delaware County Medical Society Summer/Fall 2020 - 32

What healthcare personnel should know about caring for patients
with confirmed or possible coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Healthcare personnel (HCP) are on the front lines of caring for patients with confirmed or possible
infection with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and therefore have an increased risk of exposure
to this virus. HCPs can minimize their risk of exposure when caring for confirmed or possible COVID-19
patients by following Interim Infection Prevention and Control Recommendations for Patients with
Confirmed (COVID-19) or Persons Under Investigation for COVID-19 in Healthcare Settings.

How COVID-19 Spreads
There is much to learn about the newly emerged COVID-19,
including how and how easily it spreads. Based on what is
currently known about COVID-19 and what is known about
other coronaviruses, spread is thought to occur mostly from
person-to-person via respiratory droplets among close contacts.
Close contact can occur while caring for a patient, including:
* being within approximately 6 feet (2 meters) of a patient with
COVID-19 for a prolonged period of time.
* having direct contact with infectious secretions from a patient
with COVID-19. Infectious secretions may include sputum,
serum, blood, and respiratory droplets.
If close contact occurs while not wearing all recommended
personal protective equipment personal protective equipment
(PPE), healthcare personnel may be at risk of infection.

How You Can Protect Yourself
Healthcare personnel caring for patients with confrmed or
possible COVID-19 should adhere to CDC recommendations for
infection prevention and control (IPC):

Environmental Cleaning and Disinfection
Routine cleaning and disinfection procedures are appropriate for
SARS-CoV-2 in healthcare settings, including those patient-care
areas in which aerosol-generating procedures are performed.
Products with EPA-approved emerging viral pathogens claims
are recommended for use against SARS-CoV-2. Management of
laundry, food service utensils, and medical waste should also be
performed in accordance with routine procedures.

When to Contact Occupational Health Services
If you have an unprotected exposure (i.e., not wearing
recommended PPE) to a confirmed or possible COVID-19
patient, contact your supervisor or occupational health
immediately.
If you develop symptoms consistent with COVID-19 (fever,
cough, or difficulty breathing), do not report to work. Contact
your occupational health services.
For more information for healthcare personnel, visit:
https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-nCoV/hcp/index.html

* Assess and triage these patients with acute respiratory symptoms and risk factors for COVID-19 to minimize chances of
exposure, including placing a facemask on the patient and
placing them in an examination room with the door closed in
an Airborne Infection Isolation Room (AIIR), if available.
* Use Standard Precautions , Contact Precautions, and Airborne
Precautions and eye protection when caring for patients with
confirmed or possible COVID-19.
* Perform hand hygiene with alcohol-based hand rub before and
after all patient contact, contact with potentially infectious
material, and before putting on and upon removal of PPE,
including gloves. Use soap and water if hands are
visibly soiled.
* Practice how to properly don, use, and doff PPE in a manner to
prevent self-contamination.
* Perform aerosol-generating procedures, in an AIIR, while
following appropriate IPC practices, including use of
appropriate PPE.

For more information: www.cdc.gov/COVID19
CS 315495-A 03/12/2020


https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-nCoV/hcp/index.html http://www.cdc.gov/COVID19

Delaware County Medical Society Summer/Fall 2020

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