Fabric Architecture Specifier's Guide 2019 - 5

TYPES OF FABRIC STRUCTURES

AIR-INFLATED p

AIR-SUPPORTED p

CABLE NET p

FRAME-SUPPORTED p

An air-inflated structure
uses air-pressurized
membrane beams, arches
or other elements to enclose
space. Occupants of such a
structure do not occupy the
pressurized area used to
support the structure.

In an air-supported
structure, the structure's
shape is attained by air
pressure. Occupants of the
structure are within the
elevated pressure area.

This structure uses a
single-layered anticlastic
surface made of two sets of
closely spaced cables that
are orthogonal (or nearly
so) to one another. The net
usually supports a fabric or
pliable material.

A frame-supported
structure is composed of a
frame or frames that form
a load-bearing structure
without the aid of any
fabric or pliable material.
However, the membrane
may contribute toward the
stability of the structure.

GEODESIC DOME p

GRID SHELL p

TENSEGRITY p

TENSILE p

A geodesic dome is spherical,
with single- or double-layered
shells made up of hexagons
and pentagons.

This structure features a
curvilinear surface (synclastic
or anticlastic) composed of
linear elements configured to
form squares, triangles,
and/or parallelograms. It may
be single or double layered
and sometimes employs inplane cables for stability and
shear resistance.

(Cable-and-strut) Planar
or curvilinear, a tensegrity
structure is composed of short
discontinuous compression
elements (struts) connected
by tensile members (cables) to
form a coherent configuration.

A tensile structure
is characterized by a
tensioning of the fabric or
pliable material system,
typically with wire or cable,
to provide critical structural
support to the structure.

Fabric structures are a superior choice in many different types of applications. They are being used in all segments of society: private, commercial,
agricultural, industrial, recreational and humanitarian. Fabric structures come in many forms, including air inflated, air supported, cable net,
frame supported, geodesic dome, grid shell, tensegrity (cable-and-strut) and tensile (or tension) structures.
FABRIC ARCHITECTURE | RESOURCE GUIDE 2019

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Fabric Architecture Specifier's Guide 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Fabric Architecture Specifier's Guide 2019

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Fabric Architecture Specifier's Guide 2019 - Cover2
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Fabric Architecture Specifier's Guide 2019 - Cover3
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