Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 23

Figures 5a and 5b illustrate an aerial
view of the site before and during the
installation of the geosynthetics.
The installation was carried out by
laying thin layers of soil with a thickness
of approximately 12 inches (30 cm) and
acting as load-distributing working surface; for this purpose, light machinery
is recommended (Figure 6 on page 24).
For the middle cover area, the same
installation procedure as for the outer
cover area was used, but vertical drains
in the triangular grid of 4.9 feet (1.5 m)
were also applied. The vertical drains
were installed through the first geogrid
and the nonwoven geotextile, and then
the second layer of geogrid was installed
on top.
The central area of the pond is characterized by fine-graded sludge with low
bearing capacity that cannot be considered as a working area. In fact, because of
the extremely soft sludge, great deformations could occur due to the placement
of mineral layers. In this case, an additional reinforcement layer was required.
For this purpose, a woven geotextile
(Sefitec PP 80), which has a longitudinal
and transversal tensile strength of 59,000
pounds-force per foot (80 kN/m), on
top of the other geosynthetic layers was
used as additional support to the bearing
capacity. Here, the woven geotextile was
installed as a single large panel sewed
in situ and then pulled over the defined
area to the outer region where it was
then fixed.
The tensile strength of the geosynthetic reinforcement was determined
by carrying out the stability analysis of
the system. The design considers the
verification of the bearing capacity of
the combined system (soft subgrade and
geosynthetics). This analysis enables
the determination of the design tensile
strength of the bearing layers while the
actual tensile strength of the reinforcement (i.e., geogrids or woven geotextile)

5a

5b

FIGURES 5a and 5b a) Preparation of the area (~50,000 m2 - April 2016) (Google Earth);
b) Part of the installation phase (August 2016) (Google Earth)

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Geosynthetics October/November 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Geosynthetics October/November 2019

Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - Cover1
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - Cover2
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 1
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 2
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 3
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 4
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 5
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 6
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 7
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 8
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 9
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 10
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 11
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 12
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 13
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 14
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 15
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 16
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 17
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 18
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 19
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 20
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 21
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 22
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 23
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 24
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 25
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 26
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 27
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 28
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 29
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 30
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 31
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 32
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 33
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 34
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 35
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 36
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 37
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 38
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 39
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 40
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 41
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 42
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 43
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 44
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 45
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 46
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 47
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 48
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 49
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 50
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 51
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 52
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 53
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 54
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 55
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - 56
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - Cover3
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - Cover4
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - Blank1
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - GeoConf20_1
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - GeoConf20_2
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - GeoConf20_4
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - GeoConf20_5
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - GeoConf20_6
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - GeoConf20_7
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - GeoConf20_3
Geosynthetics October/November 2019 - GeoConf20_8
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https://www.nxtbook.com/ifai/geosynthetics/geosynthetics-april-may-2021
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https://www.nxtbook.com/ifai/geosynthetics/0819GS
https://www.nxtbook.com/ifai/geosynthetics/0619GS
https://www.nxtbook.com/ifai/geosynthetics/0419GS
https://www.nxtbook.com/ifai/geosynthetics/0219GS
https://www.nxtbook.com/ifai/geosynthetics/1218GS
https://www.nxtbook.com/ifai/geosynthetics/1018GS
https://www.nxtbook.com/ifai/geosynthetics/0818GS
https://www.nxtbook.com/ifai/geosynthetics/0618GS
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