Specialty Fabrics Review February 2020 - 56

FOCUS

MARKETS

PREVENTION OF PINK
STAINING CAN ONLY
BE ACCOMPLISHED
WITH BARRIER
COATINGS, BIOCIDES
OR BOTH TO PREVENT
THE BACTERIA FROM
BLOOMING ON
THE VINYL.

is effective is key. Coating manufacturers
can conduct accelerated weathering testing
on the coated material. Testing the coated
prototypes in the real world, such as outdoor
weathering, in comparison to the lab work
will provide the performance information
needed to determine effectiveness. For
example, marine upholstery manufacturers
use ASTM E1428 Standard Test Method for
Evaluating Performance of Antimicrobials in
or on Polymeric Solids Against Staining by
Streptomyce species (A Pink Stain Organism).
After learning the optimum concentration
of AM in the coating on the substrate via
this ASTM test, installing a sample substrate
in a harsh marine environment for several
years would be an ideal way to determine
the actual effectiveness of the AM finish.
* Thermostability. The topcoat should
be thermally stable to withstand high

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56 REVIEW FEBRUARY 2020

processing temperatures during curing,
embossing and laminating. The product's
in-use temperature exposure is also
important, especially on dark-toned
products for exterior use, which endure
greater thermal stress than lighter-hued
products under UV rays.
* Adhesion and flexibility. The topcoat,
whether water or solvent based, should
be tested across various substrate types to
determine if it has good adhesion to the
surface and provides the necessary flexibility.
Coating manufacturers run tests such as
D2097 Flex Testing of Finish on Upholstery
Leather, commonly known as W-flex, to
determine adhesion and flexibility after
specified cycles.
* Regulatory compliance. There is some
controversy and strict regulations around
types of AM additives used in the industry in
terms of hazards and safety for direct-to-skin
contact. Requirements should be specified
to the coating manufacturer in advance to
ensure compliance and safe products.
* End user needs. Vinyl manufacturers may
have additional performance requirements
that topcoats or lacquers can provide. Soft
haptics or hand-feel, gloss, ability to be
embossed, stain and chemical resistance,
cleanability and abrasion resistance are
examples of performance properties that
coatings can provide.
Microbial growth has always been a challenge
for the vinyl manufacturing industry due to
plasticizer migration and diffusion of liquids
into flexible vinyl. New developments in
antimicrobial topcoat technology and
effectiveness, bearing in mind environmental
compliance, have affected the industry in
a big way. With innovations in topcoats,
finishes and lacquer formulations, OEMs
are finding sustainable solutions to the needs
of the industry and performance benefits that
can offer distinct marketing advantages.
Hugh Barrett is a technical consultant
with APV Engineered Coatings, Akron, Ohio,
www.apvcoatings.com.

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Specialty Fabrics Review February 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Specialty Fabrics Review February 2020

Specialty Fabrics Review February 2020 - Cover1
Specialty Fabrics Review February 2020 - Cover2
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