# Canadian Yachting May 2020 - 17

```Figure 2. Calculating Scope

Figure 3. Kingston Anchor - Tabs

causes the anchor to pop up and out of the bottom and later
movement of the anchor shank - referred to as yawing.
In setting the anchor, the 'wisdom of the ages' (not to be
confused with every boater's opinion) states:
1. Bring the boat to a stop upwind of intended final
destination (distance of rode length for desired scope)
2. Lower (not throw) the anchor from the bow
3. When the anchor reaches the bottom, confirm the depth
from bow to bottom
4. Slowly move astern until at the desired scope length;
for an all chain rode a minimum 5:1 ratio for overnight, for
line chain rode a 7:1 ratio
5. Set the anchor at slow or idle speed in reverse, giving the
anchor the opportunity to properly dig in
6. Once set, rest for a few minutes to allow the anchor and
rode to settle
7. Power set at 50% throttle in reverse
8. If, the boat does not drag, power set at 75 - 80% of boat's
power in reverse to simulate strong winds or current
9. If rode is all chain, or if on a catamaran, attach a bridle or
snubber to reduce yawing at anchor (more to follow on
this)
10. Allow the boat to rest; clean up and stay onboard for at
least 30 to 60 minutes just in case the situation changes
11. Set or adjust anchor alarm (covered later)

2017) we changed from the CQR, (which came with the boat)
to a Vulcan (a derivative of the Rocna). Our decision to update
and upgrade our anchor was in response to our multiple episodes
of plowing the anchorage (pun intended) with the CQR.
The first time we set the Vulcan (20 kg / 55 lb for our 36-foot,
15,000-pound boat) I almost fell off the bow because the anchor
set so quickly and solidly.
What is the difference in how the two anchors - the CQR and
the Vulcan - set? The CQR is a plow type anchor and does just
that; it plows into and through the bottom until it buries deep
and comes into contact with relatively solid bottom material. The
Vulcan is a spade rudder and like the Bruce (or claw) presents a
flatter profile to the bottom, gripping sooner and better.
cruise the BVIs on a 2019 Jeanneau 419. The boat was
equipped with a Delta anchor and I decided to incorporate into
the week, the observation of the three elements of anchoring the set, holding and re-setting as the boat swung at anchor, and
the retreival. The last item, re-setting came to mind after
reviewing articles and videos on how well various anchors reset
following a 180-degree shift in wind or current. You will see in
the image taken from our anchor alarm that this can happen on
even a relatively calm night.

Figure 4. CQR Anchor

Your process may vary, but these are the essential steps to be
able to anchor effectively time after time.
THE RIGHT ANCHOR FOR THE SITUATION
Now let's break this process down for varying situations. Even
weekend cruisers should carry at least 2 different anchors.
For years we carried a CQR (plough) and a Fortress Danforth.
Between trips from Lake Ontario to the Bahamas (2009 and

Figure 5. Fortress Danforth

w w w. c a n a d i a n y a c h t i n g . c a

17

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At the Helm: Uncharted Waters
Marina Yacht Club: Krates Marina, Keswick
Special Feature: Eye Care - Beware of What You Cannot See
Special Feature: Anchoring - Science, Art and Experience
Power Review: Greenline 33 Hybrid
Sail Review: Beneteau 30.1
The Port Hole: May 2020
DIY/Maintenance: Cored Deck Repair
Crossing the Line: Kjallarinn
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - Intro
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - Cover1
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - Cover2
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - At the Helm: Uncharted Waters
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - 4
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - 5
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - Marina Yacht Club: Krates Marina, Keswick
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - 7
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - 8
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - 9
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - Special Feature: Eye Care - Beware of What You Cannot See
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - 11
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - 12
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - 13
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - 14
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - 15
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - Special Feature: Anchoring - Science, Art and Experience
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - 17
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - 18
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - 19
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - 20
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - Power Review: Greenline 33 Hybrid
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - 22
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - 23
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - 24
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - 25
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - Sail Review: Beneteau 30.1
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Canadian Yachting May 2020 - 29
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - 30
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - The Port Hole: May 2020
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Canadian Yachting May 2020 - DIY/Maintenance: Cored Deck Repair
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Canadian Yachting May 2020 - Crossing the Line: Kjallarinn
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - Cover3
Canadian Yachting May 2020 - Cover4