Imagine Magazine - Johns Hopkins - May/June 2016 - (Page 41)
planning ahead for college
Can Your Dream School Become a Reality?
Rising college costs, financial uncertainty, and a world of misinformation and personal anecdotes can make the possibility of attending your dream school appear to be a nightmare of insurmountable
costs and debt. Reality, however, is a different story. Finding a college that fits your needs and your budget isn't something you can
only dream about. In fact, using free tools available to you right now,
you can find out the cost of attending your top choice-as well as
discover other great options-without even leaving your computer.
Let's start with finding a school. Think for a second about
the schools you're interested in attending. Most people's list is
between one and twelve schools including area colleges, nationally recognized universities, powerhouse academic institutions,
and schools your friends and family have mentioned or attended.
That's a great start, but there are over 4,700 degree-granting postsecondary institutions in the United States1, so don't limit yourself
to just familiar institutions or schools you can commute to. Your
state flagship institution or Johns Hopkins or the Air Force Academy might be the right fit for you-but so might Loyola, Trinity, or
University of Alaska Fairbanks.
Of course, being the wise, inquisitive student you are, you
immediately saw the potential issue with that last idea: Fairbanks
may be a great place to study, but won't going to school in Alaska
be expensive? I'm not going to lie to you; it might be. It's also
possible that a school across the country will cost significantly
less than a school across town. It all depends on how the schools
structure their costs and financial aid.
All schools have a Cost of Attendance (COA), which represents
the total of all expected costs you'll
encounter in a year. Most students don't pay the full COA
because they receive financial aid to help with the
cost. Instead, they end
up paying what we'll
call the Actual Contribution (AC), which is
the COA minus any
work study, and loans
the student receives.
With financial aid, students save an average of
25% at some institutions2-
by A. Joshua Leonard
Associate Director for Client Services
& Outreach, Johns Hopkins University
which can really take the sting out of the cost of college and make
an otherwise impossibly-priced school affordable.
You can find the COA and AC before you even apply to a
school. Since 2011, the federal government has required all
schools receiving federal aid to offer tools called net price calculators (NPCs), which provide families with the estimated costs
and a projected financial aid package. All you need to perform
the calculation is an internet connection, your parents' most recent
tax return, and your family's makeup and resources. Essentially,
for 20 minutes of your time you can find the cost of the school
and how much aid they are likely to offer you, and make a quick
but important assessment about whether a school is a financially
viable option for you.
NPCs aren't perfect: They're only as accurate as the information
you put in, they don't take into account unusual financial situations,
and they're good only for your first year of college, as financial aid
is determined annually. That being said, they're fantastic, free tools
that anyone can use to help with college selection and cost analysis. In mere minutes, you can find out if that dream school across
the country really is a good option or if a hidden gem in your state
is your ticket to a free college degree.
If you want to go deeper into the numbers, several federal and
private tools are also open to you. The U.S. Department of Education's College Scorecard site provides an apples-to-apples method
of comparing colleges on a number of numeric factors, including
average annual cost, graduation rate, and salary after attending.
You can even find out information as detailed as the average student loan debt and monthly repayment amount. If you want more
information, you can find the median earnings of graduates, typical
return on investment rates for college degrees, or specifically
what low-income students pay using third-party sites like College
Scorecard, College Abacus, ionMatch, Payscale, or Propublica3.
So go online, explore the schools on (and beyond) your list, and
then see if you can turn that dream school into a reality, courtesy of
NPCs, College Scorecard, and your friends in the college analysis
industry. Best of luck! n
net-price#Average Net Price
Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Imagine Magazine - Johns Hopkins - May/June 2016
In My Own Words Karl Deisseroth, Professor of Bioengineering and of Psychiatry, Stanford University
Mind Brain Philosophy and neuroscience at CTY
A Meeting of the Minds at the National Brain Bee
Mind over Matter Overcoming communication barriers via technology
A Fish of a Different Color My neuroscience internship
Immersed in Brain Science Summer research at Rockefeller University
Brain Training Four graduate students share their research
Prime Time for Brain Science Exciting new findings, from brain maps to mindfulness
Making the Connection Teaching kids about mind, media, and health
Selected Opportunities and Resources
Pitch Perfect The lure of rugby
My Stress-Free Adventure Scuba, sailing, and discovery
Off the Shelf Review of Kazuo Ishiguro’s The Buried Giant
Exploring Career Options Interview with neuropsychologist
One Step Ahead Ten commandments for college success
Planning Ahead for College Can your dream school become a reality?
Students Review New York University
Creative Minds Imagine Fiction contest winners
Mark Your Calendar
Mind + Brain Philosophy and neuroscience at CTY
Imagine Magazine - Johns Hopkins - May/June 2016