The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 15

W
www.ahepa.org
hen Charles Skandalis and Felini
Martini walked out of the Phelps Dodge
Company-owned Stag Cañon Mine No.
1 of the Dawson Mine Complex on
February 9, 1923, they left behind the
shattered bodies of 123 fellow miners.
Skandalis and Martini were lone survivors of an explosion
that ripped through the mine twenty hours beforehand. The
two survived the deadly fumes from the blast by covering their
faces with sweaters dipped in water. When they sensed fresh
air being pumped into the mine, they worked their way out of
the mine, stumbling over wreckage and feeling their way in
the dark.
This was not the first, but the second mining disaster to occur
for Phelps Dodge Company at Dawson Mine Complex that collectively
took the lives of a veritable United Nations list of victims.
Chief of them were Greeks, Italians, and Mexicans.
Some nine and a half years earlier, 263 miners lost their
lives when an explosion occurred at Stag Cañon Mine No. 2, on
October 22, 1913. It was the second largest mining disaster in
U.S. history. Of the 263 casualties, 52 were Greeks. One of the 23
survivors included a Greek, George Mavroidis, who escaped a
blast of gas and was taken out unconscious.
Phelps Dodge paid all funeral expenses and gave each widow
$1,000 and child of a dead miner $200.
Call for Participation: 100-Year Memorial
Now is a time for the community to participate in an AHEPA
national project--a nationwide memorial to mark the 100-year
anniversary of the second disaster to be held February 5, 2023.
" While we have in mind those of Greek descent who perished
at the second disaster at Dawson in 1923, this memorial project
will stand as a tribute to all the miners and immigrants throughout
the United States, who worked in who worked in the mines,
on the railroads, in factories and other hostile work conditions
to make a place for themselves in America, " Project Chairman
Robert Sexton, PSG, said.
To learn how to participate, email Brother Sexton,
rdsexton57@gmail.com.
About Dawson
The Dawson coal mine was a complex of several mines about
thirty miles west of Raton, New Mexico. Mining began there prior
to 1900 by one J. B. Dawson who had purchased 3,700 acres of
land that encompassed a major coal deposit. A small town soon
sprang up, and in 1905, the Phelps Dodge Corporation bought the
mine to provide fuel for its copper mining operations. The mines
would produce more than 33,000,000 tons of coal before shutting
down in April 1950.
There is much more that can be told about Dawson. Somehow,
it was dear to the people who lived there even though it was a
company town. Loyalty to the town continues to this day, though
the town was literally demolished after the mines closed in 1950.
The Dawson Cemetery is accessible and is listed as a national
historic site. The town site itself is on private land and is normally
closed to public access. However, a Dawson Reunion organization
exists, and every two years, the ranch company that owns the
land allows them access to the site.
Winter 2022 · THE AHEPAN | 15
http://www.ahepa.org

The AHEPAN Winter 2022

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The AHEPAN Winter 2022

The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - Intro
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 1
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 2
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 3
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 4
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 5
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 6
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 7
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 8
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 9
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 10
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 11
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 12
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 13
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 14
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 15
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 16
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 17
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 18
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 19
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 20
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 21
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 22
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 23
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 24
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 25
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 26
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 27
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 28
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 29
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 30
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The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 34
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 35
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The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 37
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 38
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 39
The AHEPAN Winter 2022 - 40
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