Seaports Magazine - Fall 2013 - (Page 48)

» CASE STUDY: ARUBA PORTS AUTHORITY NV Aruba Creates Port-Funded Mangrove Reforestation Project T he Aruba Ports Authority has commenced a mangrove reforestation project on a badly damaged reef island where only one mangrove remains standing. This surviving tree still serves as a home to a handful of terns and a scarce ecological system for underwater creatures, and this is what motivated port executives to proceed with the restoration efforts. Concerned about eventually losing the entire reef, the Aruba Ports Authority solicited the assistance of, a South Florida-based organization founded for the purpose of developing a methodology that would provide optimum conditions for successful mangrove afforestation/reforestation, habitat creation and restoration, shoreline stabilization and erosion control. The project was wholly funded by the port. The area in question is one of four Important Bird Areas that were previously protected by lush black and red mangroves more than 50 years ago. What exactly happened has not been scientifically documented, but according to island tales part of the reef was damaged by the tail of Hurricane Janet, one of the most powerful tropical cyclone of the 1955 Atlantic hurricane season and one of the strongest Atlantic hurricanes on record. There are other accounts that attribute the damage to an innocent beach BBQ gone wrong, which led to a fire that destroyed the majority of the remaining trees. During his presentation to a small group of experts in the field, which included an Aruban marine biologist, president of the Aruba Birdlife Conservation Foundation and president of the Board of the Arikok National Park and port executives,’s Bob Riley described his methodology for planting the mangrove propagules and how his Riley Encased Methodology (REM) has had a 100 percent success rate in all the projects he has undertaken around the world. After announcing the completion of the site plans conducted by Riley, Port Director 48 AAPA SEAPORTS MAGAZINE Alfonso Boekhoudt announced that the project was a go. Riley conducted an appraisal to develop site plans with specific ecological and enhancement objectives for the reforestation of the mangrove on the reef across from the cruise terminal. The appraisal analyzed the critical elements in degraded or damaged ecosystems, including shoreline dynamics, anthropogenic factors, ecology, hydrology and, where necessary, geopolitical influences. In May, experts lodged approximately 200 encasings on the smaller reefs across from the cruise terminals. Media supporters, port authority volunteers and their children assisted in the initial project by dropping the red mangrove seedlings (Rhizophora mangle), which bloom throughout the year on Aruba, in anticipation of the creation of a habitat for many species of amphibians, reptiles and mammals. The port sees this as a chance to not only restore the reef to its original state, but also as an opportunity to shield the quayside of the island’s harbors from swells The port sees this as a chance to not only restore the reef to its original state, but also as an opportunity to shield the quayside of the island’s harbors from swells that cause the deterioration of the wharf on a longterm basis. that cause the deterioration of the wharf on a long-term basis. A successful project will result in organizing mangroves as feeding and nursery grounds for a variety of fish and several bird species. Cruise visitors entering the channel will be able to observe the project’s encasements planted on the three Southwestern islands along the waterway as they pull into and sale out of the cruise terminal. The first leaves are expected to peak out of the encasements within three to five years. Within 10 to 15 years, the community will be able to appreciate a lasting legacy for sustainable management in future generations. ●

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Seaports Magazine - Fall 2013

AAPA Headquarters
From the President’s Desk
LNG Poised for Dramatic Growth
Harnessing Wind Power
XXII Latin American Ports Congress Welcomes the World
Energy Policies Taking Hold
Environmental Certifications Offer Tangible Benefits
A Good Neighbor
AAPA to Honor 26 Ports for Communications at 102nd Convention
New Rules for Marine Engines Reduce Port Emissions
Marine-Based Renewable Energy Creating Opportunities on a Global Scale
Curb Energy Costs to Boost Profits, Maintain Competitiveness
Considerations When Evaluating Alternative Power Sources from an Air Perspective
Halifax to Implement Shore Power for 2014 Cruise Season
Aruba Creates Port-Funded Mangrove Reforestation Project
Arica: Meeting the Challenges Presented by Innovation and the Environment
FPL to Build Next Generation Energy Center at Port Everglades
Index of Advertisers

Seaports Magazine - Fall 2013