Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 26

SPECIAL FOCUS: COUNTY HEALTH PREPAREDNESS Preparing for the in Georgia Virus By Rosmarie Kelly, PhD MPH, Georgia DPH Entomologist Nancy Nydam, Georgia DPH Director of Communications Images courtesy Georgia Department of Public Health. 26 GEORGIA COUNTY GOVERNMENT IN GEORGIA, there are certain things we just learn to live with,like hot, humid summers and mosquitoes. Aside from being itchy and annoying, the bite of a mosquito can spread disease - yellow fever, dengue, chikungunya, and now, Zika. And with the spread of Zika comes a danger no one imagined: birth defects. The list of countries and territories where Zika is spreading grows weekly, sometimes even more frequently. Zika is already in the Americas, Pacific Islands, the Caribbean and Mexico. Currently there are Zika outbreaks in U.S. territories including Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and American Samoa. So far, Zika has not been transmitted by mosquitoes in the U.S., but with warmer weather, that could change. Zika is an emerging virus transmitted by the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito, sometimes causing rash, mild fever, conjunctivitis ("pink eye"), and muscle pain. But now there are urgent concerns about the Zika virus infection being passed from mother to fetus during pregnancy. The reported link between Zika virus infection and microcephaly (small head size) is likely to be part of a spectrum of brain damage that results from this virus invading the brain of the developing fetus. There are also documented cases of sexual transmission of Zika. Studies are ongoing about the association between Zika virus infection and Guillain-Barré syndrome and other neurological disorders. So Just How did Zika Virus Get Its Start? Zika was first identified in the Zika forest in Uganda in 1947 in rhesus monkeys used for monitoring sylvatic yellow fever. It was identified in humans in 1952 in Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. Although there was widespread antibody evidence of human Zika infections in Asia and Africa, before 2007 there had only been 14 actual human Zika illness cases documented. Outbreaks did not occur outside of Africa until 2007, when it spread to the South Pacific. Since then, outbreaks of Zika virus disease have been recorded in Africa, the Americas, Asia and the Pacific. Currently, there are Zika outbreaks in more than 40 countries and territories. In the Americas, mosquitoes associated with the transmission of Zika virus are Aedes aegypti (yellow fever mosquito) and

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Georgia County Government - Summer 2016

President’s Message
Director’s Desk
Cover Story: Growth and Opportunity in Elbert County
Georgia Counties Get Results in ACCG’s Policy Areas
Insights from Georgia’s Congressman Lynn Westmoreland
Making Strides for Healthy Communities
Preparing for the Zika Virus in Georgia
Georgia Public Libraries Shine
Counties Emerge into the Digital Age
News & Notes
Index of Advertisers
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - cover1
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - cover2
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 3
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 4
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 5
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 6
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 7
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - President’s Message
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - Director’s Desk
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - Cover Story: Growth and Opportunity in Elbert County
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 11
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 12
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 13
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 14
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 15
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - Georgia Counties Get Results in ACCG’s Policy Areas
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 17
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 18
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 19
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - Insights from Georgia’s Congressman Lynn Westmoreland
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 21
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - Making Strides for Healthy Communities
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 23
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 24
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 25
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - Preparing for the Zika Virus in Georgia
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 27
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - Georgia Public Libraries Shine
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 29
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 30
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 31
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - Counties Emerge into the Digital Age
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 33
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 34
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 35
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 36
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - News & Notes
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - Index of Advertisers
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - cover3
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - cover4
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