Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 27

Aedes  albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito). Although the yellow fever mosquito used to be found over a wide area of the Southeast, when the Asian tiger mosquito was introduced in the late 1980s, it rapidly out-competed the yellow fever mosquito and became one of the most abundant nuisance species in many areas. In Georgia, surveillance data shows that yellow fever mosquitoes are found around the coast and in the Columbus area while Asian tiger mosquitoes are found all throughout the state. Estimated Range of Aedes aegypti in US (CDC 2016) Estimated Range of Aedes albopictus in US (CDC 2016) Thomas Frieden, M.D., director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, says to protect Americans, all levels of government need to implement a comprehensive Zika response plan. While we don't know if Zika will be transmitted locally in the continental U.S. this summer, there could be many travel-related cases that pose a risk for sexual transmission between men and their partners and infection of mosquitoes in Georgia. More than 40 million people travel between the continental United States and areas where the virus is circulating every year. There is no vaccine to prevent or medicine to treat Zika. Protecting individuals, particularly pregnant women, from being infected with Zika and to prevent the spread of Zika to local mosquitoes will require diligent mosquito control. But, Aedes mosquitoes can be difficult to control because they breed in and around peoples' homes and yards. Aedes mosquitoes are called "container breeders" because they lay eggs in any type of small container - buckets, rain barrels, bottle caps, stump holes, gutters or small bodies of water birdbaths, drainage areas. Eggs are laid on the sides of the containers and depending on rainfall and temperature, during a hot Georgia summer mosquitoes can go from egg to adult in as little as seven to 10 days. The Georgia Department of Public Health recommends source reduction or Tip 'n Toss as an effective way for people in the community to manage populations of container breeding species and help prevent the spread of Zika. * After every rainfall and at least once a week, tip out water in flowerpots, planters, children's toys, wading pools and buckets. * If it holds water and you don't need it -old tires, bottles, cans - toss it out. * Look for small bodies of water such as drainage ponds, tree stumps and tire ruts and fill them in with dirt or sand. * Clean out gutters, remove piles of leaves and keep vegetation cut low to prevent resting sites for adult mosquitoes. * For containers without lids or that are too big to Tip 'N Toss - bird baths, or garden pools- use larvicides such as mosquito dunks or mosquito torpedoes and follow the label instructions. Used properly, larvicides will not hurt birds or animals. "Mosquitoes don't recognize property lines, so controlling their numbers has to be a collaborative effort among neighbors," said Brenda Fitzgerald, commissioner of the Georgia Department of Public Health. "DPH is increasing mosquito surveillance and educating residents throughout the state, but the greatest impact will be when individuals take personal responsibility for their homes and yards." Traditional truck spraying for mosquito control is not very effective for the Aedes mosquitoes due to their breeding habits. The spray will only kill flying adult mosquitoes and will likely be blocked by heavy vegetation, trees, and buildings. If effective source reduction cannot be achieved, barrier sprays, applied by licensed pest control professionals, can reduce the number of mosquitoes in a local area. There are specific things that homeowner associations, community groups and local governments can do to help control the mosquito population. * Remove or dispose of all unused tins, cans, jars, bottles, tires, and other items that can collect and hold water. * Keep tires, metal boxes, discarded appliances, sinks, basins, cement tanks, pots and parts of other items in industrial and commercial premises, in sheltered areas protected from rainfall. * Arrange clean up campaigns once or twice a year to collect and remove all unused containers and potential breeding sites in and around communities. * Empty containers at least once a week. * Apply targeted area or barrier sprays to reduce the number of adult mosquitoes. It is also important to protect yourself from mosquito bites. Aedes aegypti (CDC) Aedes albopictus (CDC) * Use EPA-registered insect repellents containing 20-30 percent DEET or Picaridin, IR3535, and Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus. Follow all label instructions for safe and effective use. * Wear light colored clothing with long sleeves, long pants and socks to help reduce exposure to mosquito bites. * Limit outdoor activities during periods when mosquitoes are generally most active. * Use fans on porches and patios to help keep mosquitoes away from the home. Mosquitoes are not strong fliers. * Be sure screens, windows and doors are in good repair and fit tightly to keep mosquitoes out of the home. Working together, we can protect Georgians from the Zika virus infection and prevent its spread in the state. Additional information about the Zika virus and mosquito control can be found at dph.ga.gov/zika or cdc.gov/zika. ■ SUMMER 2016 www.accg.org 27 http://dph.ga.gov/zika http://www.cdc.gov/zika http://www.accg.org/

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Georgia County Government - Summer 2016

President’s Message
Director’s Desk
Cover Story: Growth and Opportunity in Elbert County
Georgia Counties Get Results in ACCG’s Policy Areas
Insights from Georgia’s Congressman Lynn Westmoreland
Making Strides for Healthy Communities
Preparing for the Zika Virus in Georgia
Georgia Public Libraries Shine
Counties Emerge into the Digital Age
News & Notes
Index of Advertisers
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - cover1
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - cover2
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 3
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 4
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 5
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 6
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 7
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - President’s Message
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - Director’s Desk
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - Cover Story: Growth and Opportunity in Elbert County
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 11
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 12
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 13
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 14
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 15
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - Georgia Counties Get Results in ACCG’s Policy Areas
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 17
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 18
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 19
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - Insights from Georgia’s Congressman Lynn Westmoreland
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 21
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - Making Strides for Healthy Communities
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 23
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 24
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 25
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - Preparing for the Zika Virus in Georgia
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 27
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - Georgia Public Libraries Shine
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 29
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 30
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 31
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - Counties Emerge into the Digital Age
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 33
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 34
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 35
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - 36
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - News & Notes
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - Index of Advertisers
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - cover3
Georgia County Government - Summer 2016 - cover4
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