Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 71

* Diverting waste from landfills. Reduced total tonnage headed to your county's landfill sites means reduced costs in the form of lower tipping fees. Recycling isn't a free solution, of course, but can be seen to be a "proactive cost," far lower than the expense of siting and building a new landfill. In Walton County, where two dumps are nearing capacity and landfill space is precious, this benefit is a major driver for recycling. When the county's landfills are full, taxpayers will have to pay more to get their trash hauled elsewhere, so promoting recycling in Walton means postponing this expense. County recycling programs aren't limited to diverting household waste from landfills. Since 2000, Floyd County has run a commercial cardboard route, which now collects the material from more than 800 local businesses. The profitability of this offering has fluctuated, but the service is cost-effective on balance and wellreceived by business-owners. With robust paper, scrap metal, carpet manufacturing and aluminum processing industries all within the bounds of the state, there is every reason to send materials back into the markets - not into a landfill. * Reducing costs associated with illegal dumping. By making it easy for citizens to properly dispose of waste, they are less likely to dump it in ways that cause problems for the community at large. Establishing a recycling collection facility that accepts scrap tires and household hazardous waste is far more cost-effective than collecting and landfilling illegally dumped materials and cleaning polluted waterways. For counties, recycling is an opportunity to prevent problems before they arise and make expenses predictable - and in most cases, lower than they would otherwise be. * Making the most of reuse opportunities. Recycling makes it possible to leverage already-mined materials to create new ones, and in the process energy, water and other natural resources are conserved. Keep America Beautiful affiliates, present in 78 Georgia counties, help facilitate waste reduction and citizen engagement, finding creative approaches to support local governments in their recycling and reuse goals. Keep Athens-Clarke Beautiful hosts an annual Trash-to-Treasure yard sale that removes still-usable toys and household items from the waste stream Floyd County has run a commercial cardboard route since 2000. It now collects the material from over 800 local businesses. Photo courtesy Floyd County Government. and makes them available for purchase and reuse. Several thousand citizens shopped at the most recent yard sale, which brought in $8,000 to support the ongoing outreach efforts of the organization. * Protecting of citizens through proper disposal. Another example of a recycling win-win, Floyd County government offers citizens and local businesses year-round free paper shredding by appointment. Citizens appreciate the service, which ensures their sensitive documents are securely destroyed, and the county benefits financially from the high resale value of paper - currently around $160 a ton. * Increasing citizen involvement. Recycling programs can engage citizens in ways that ultimately benefit the county. Programs like pay-as-you-throw work to increase recycling by providing a financial incentive to citizens to reduce their household waste disposal. In 1996, for example, Athens-Clarke implemented a pay-as-you-throw system for residents who receive curbside pickup services. These citizens choose from four sizes of solid waste containers, with costs declining by 10 percent with each incremental size decrease. The system rewards residents for diverting waste into recycling, composting and reuse. Nationwide more than 7,000 communities, serving about a quarter of the U.S. population, have introduced pay-as-you-throw systems and seen recycling rates that are about 30 percent higher as a result. In AthensClarke, the policy is helping the county achieve its goals of diverting 60 percent of trash from  the  landfill by 2018 and 75 percent by 2020. Recycling also encourages volunteerism, with annual events such as the spring's Great American Cleanup and fall's America Recycles Day, in the fall, providing a chance for citizens and community groups to give back and get directly engaged with the challenge of diverting materials from the waste stream. * Satisfying citizens. Best of all, recycling is a service that is valued highly by citizens. Kevin Barkley is the director of MaconBibb County's Solid Waste Department and president of the Georgia Recycling Coalition. "The way people handle their solid waste is not how it was years ago today, the citizens of Georgia really, really want to recycle," Barkley said. "I can't emphasize enough how strongly residents are in favor of it. It's more than just a solid waste issue - it impacts quality of life." Challenges for County Governments According to the Environmental Protection Agency, a well-run curbside recycling program can cost from $50 to more than $150 per ton - lower than the $70 to more than $200 per ton that trash collection and disposal cost on average. Recycling is not a process that guarantees only benefits, however. As you consider the advantages of recycling for your county, also work to mitigate the following risks and challenges. * Economic fluctuations in the recycling marketplace. Recycling operations are faced with more than their share of challenges, especially during times of recession. As a demand-driven market, recycling is constantly vulnerable to market fluctuations over which counties have little control. Demand for recycled materials is affected by a number of factors. These FALL 2016 www.accg.org 71 http://www.accg.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Georgia County Government - Fall 2016

President’s Message
Director’s Message
Shaping the Future for Georgia’s Airports
First Responder Wireless Network Readies for Next Steps
GASB 77 Tax Abatement Disclosures Reporting Requirements
Reforming Sales & Use Taxes for the Digital Age
Drones Take Flight: Opportunities and Challenges for Counties
Examining the Rise in Georgia’s Foster Care Cases
ACCG 2016 Legislative Service Awards
New Cities and Incorporation in Georgia: County Implications
Newton County Partners with Action Ministries, Inc. to Provide Hunger Relief
2016 Summer Georgia County Internship Program Highlights
Transparency and Accountability: Being Held to a Higher Standard
Recycling: Still a Win-Win for County Governments and Communities
2016 Legislative Leadership Conference Preview
Successfully Negotiating Service Delivery Strategy Agreements
DeKalb County Recognized for Innovative Procurement Practices by U.S. Communities Government Purchasing Alliance
Reducing Risks: A Look at the Crisp County Sheriff’s Office
Independent Contractor or County Employee?
News & Notes
Index of Advertisers
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - cover1
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - cover2
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 3
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 4
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 5
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 6
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 7
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - President’s Message
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 9
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 10
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Director’s Message
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Shaping the Future for Georgia’s Airports
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 13
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - First Responder Wireless Network Readies for Next Steps
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 15
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - GASB 77 Tax Abatement Disclosures Reporting Requirements
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 17
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 18
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 19
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Reforming Sales & Use Taxes for the Digital Age
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 21
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 22
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 23
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 24
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 25
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 26
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 27
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 28
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 29
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 30
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 31
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 32
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 33
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Drones Take Flight: Opportunities and Challenges for Counties
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 35
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 36
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 37
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Examining the Rise in Georgia’s Foster Care Cases
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 39
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 40
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 41
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 42
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 43
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - ACCG 2016 Legislative Service Awards
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 45
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - New Cities and Incorporation in Georgia: County Implications
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 47
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 48
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 49
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 50
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 51
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 52
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 53
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 54
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 55
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Newton County Partners with Action Ministries, Inc. to Provide Hunger Relief
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 57
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 58
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 59
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 2016 Summer Georgia County Internship Program Highlights
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 61
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 62
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 63
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 64
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Transparency and Accountability: Being Held to a Higher Standard
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 66
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 67
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 68
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 69
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Recycling: Still a Win-Win for County Governments and Communities
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 71
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 72
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 73
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 74
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 75
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 2016 Legislative Leadership Conference Preview
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 77
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Successfully Negotiating Service Delivery Strategy Agreements
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 79
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 80
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 81
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 82
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - DeKalb County Recognized for Innovative Procurement Practices by U.S. Communities Government Purchasing Alliance
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 84
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 85
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Reducing Risks: A Look at the Crisp County Sheriff’s Office
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 87
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 88
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 89
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 90
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 91
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Independent Contractor or County Employee?
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 93
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 94
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 95
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - News & Notes
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Index of Advertisers
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 98
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - cover3
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - cover4
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