Underwater Magazine -September/October 2013 - (Page 26)
Saturation Diving and
BY CHANTELLE NEWMAN, DAN
WE KNOW THAT IF WE are diving too depths, regardless of either being a Recreational
diver or most likely as a Commercial diver, in the possible event of being injured or having DCS
we rely fully on a small or large capsule to keep us alive……The Hyperbaric Chamber.
There are many types of Chambers to treat a varied amount of patients and divers, for example,
we have the monoplace (single person) chamber, which is used to treat one patient at a time with
100% Oxygen, under pressure. The monoplace chambers are usually made of acrylic material.
Generally Monoplace chambers are mostly used to treat none diving patients. We also have the
‘SOS Hyperlite’ which is a portable pressure unit (or Hyperbaric Chamber), that provides immediate treatment for different medical conditions, by supplying 100% Oxygen to the patient at ‘above
atmospheric pressures’, whilst being transported to a superior medical facility.
The Chamber that is used the mostly for Diving accidents, is the Multiplace chamber. This
Chamber usually holds two to more patients with tenders (Nurses, Diver Medical Technicians and
Hyperbaric Technicians). The Multiplace chambers are usually metal chambers and are pressurized with room (standard) air. Our last Chamber is related to Saturation Diving, divers living in
a hyperbaric environment on the surface, or an ambient pressure underwater habitat, in order to
carry out work at great depths for long periods at a time. This “Saturation System” typically made
up of a living chamber, transfer chamber and submersible decompression Chamber (diving bell).
So what do all these chambers have in common?
Bacteria, Fungi and Viruses
All of the chambers above have a strict process in order to ensure they remain hygienically
clean. A process is carried out after and during each treatment, as it is important not have cross
infection or contamination.
A typical daily protocol for a Multiplace chamber, as follows:
Daily Post Treatment Cleaning Routine for a Multi-place Chamber
Attendant Responsibilities Post-Treatment1. Remove all masks, clean with “CLINELL” surface wipes, then wipe over with alcohol wipes
and leave to dry. Place patient’s masks on the hooks at the side of the chamber. Store staff
masks on hooks at the back of the chamber. Alcohol wipes should never be taken inside
2. Ensure patient’s blankets are placed in their lockers. If you are unsure whom the blankets
belong to, place them in the linen skip.
3. Remove domestic and clinical waste bags and all other rubbish from chamber.
4. Remove any books, magazines or paperwork from chamber.
5. Remove water jugs and cups, clean and store.
6. Clean up any spillages that have occurred during treatment.
7. Using “CLINELL” surface wipes, clean down TcPO2 probes that have been used, wiping
the probe and all along the cable. Use a clean wipe for each cable.
8. Store TCp02 probes clean and capped outside chamber.
9. Wipe down all seats and surfaces using “CLINELL” surface wipes, use a clean wipe for
Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Underwater Magazine -September/October 2013
Board of Directors
Executive Director’s Message
Jascon 4 Rescue
Saturation Diving and Microbes
Commercial Diver Training Requirements
Emergency Repair at Sewerage Plant
California High Schools Prevail in International Student Underwater Robotics Competition
Safety and Efficiency through Automation
Diver Gas Management in the Bell
Unique System LLC (USA) Completes the Upgrade to the Ranger Offshore, Inc. HOSS-1, 6-Man SAT System
Underwater Intervention 2014
New ADCI Members
Index to Advertisers
2014 ADCI Scholarship Fund Raffle
Underwater Magazine -September/October 2013