Woodland - Summer 2020 - 14

Seedlings
Continued

C-D-L: AN ACRONYM FOR SUCCESSFULLY REGENERATING HARDWOOD FORESTS
Many factors affect our ability to
successfully regenerate and sustain
forests. Successful forest regeneration
depends on addressing three main
factors: competing vegetation, high
deer impact, and light reaching the
forest floor, often referred to as C-D-L.
Joe Harding, the Penn State Forest
Land Management Director, considers
each factor when examining a forest
stand. His prescription for treatment
depends upon what he wants to
accomplish and the problems he sees.

14 WOODLAND * Summer 2020

The prescription then guides the
management of the area. Joe explains,
"If woodland owners follow this
simple formula, C-D-L, they can be
successful in managing their forests."
Competing vegetation interferes
with the establishment and growth
of desirable regeneration - seedlings
and sprouts. Common problem plants
are beech, striped maple, eastern
hophornbeam, hayscented fern, and
numerous invasive plants; however,
there are many others that can be

problematic. The abundance of these
undesirable plants has increased over
time for a couple of reasons. First, they
are low on the deer browse preference
list. Where deer impact is high, these
less-preferred browse species can
dominate forest understories. Second,
many of these species are tolerant
of shade and grow well in shady
understory conditions. They are often
well established in mature forests.
Like weeding a garden, controlling
interfering plants is imperative to

IMAGE COURTESY OF PENN STATE EXTENSION

SOURCE: PENN STATE CENTER FOR PRIVATE FORESTS



Woodland - Summer 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Woodland - Summer 2020

Overstory
Forests and Families
Forest Interactions
Forestry Amid a Pandemic
National Treasure: The Return of Longleaf
White Oak in the Buckeye State
Tools and Resources
Amazon Makes Major Investment in Family Forests
Woodland - Summer 2020 - Intro
Woodland - Summer 2020 - cover1
Woodland - Summer 2020 - cover2
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 3
Woodland - Summer 2020 - Overstory
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 5
Woodland - Summer 2020 - Forests and Families
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 7
Woodland - Summer 2020 - Forest Interactions
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 9
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 10
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 11
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 12
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 13
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 14
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 15
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 16
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 17
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 18
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 19
Woodland - Summer 2020 - Forestry Amid a Pandemic
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 21
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 22
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 23
Woodland - Summer 2020 - National Treasure: The Return of Longleaf
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 25
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 26
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 27
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 28
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 29
Woodland - Summer 2020 - White Oak in the Buckeye State
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 31
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 32
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 33
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 34
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 35
Woodland - Summer 2020 - Tools and Resources
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 37
Woodland - Summer 2020 - Amazon Makes Major Investment in Family Forests
Woodland - Summer 2020 - cover3
Woodland - Summer 2020 - cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/AFOQ/AFOQ0420
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/AFOQ/AFOQ0320
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/AFOQ/AFOQ0220
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/AFOQ/AFOQ0120
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/AFOQ/AFOQ0419
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/AFOQ/AFOQ0319
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/AFOQ/AFOQ0219
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/AFOQ/AFOQ0119
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/AFOQ/AFOQ0418
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/AFOQ/AFOQ0318
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/AFOQ/AFOQ0218
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/AFOQ/AFOQ0118
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/AFOQ/AFOQ0417
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/AFOQ/AFOQ0317
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/AFOQ/AFOQ0217
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/AFOQ/AFOQ0117
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/AFOQ/AFOQ0416
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/AFOQ/AFOQ0316
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/AFOQ/AFOQ0216
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/AFOQ/AFOQ0116
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/AFOQ/AFOQ0415
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com