Woodland - Summer 2020 - 32

Jim Savage, owner of 450 acres in
southeastern Ohio, is excited that his property
will receive Ohio's first prescribed burn aimed
at oak regeneration on private land with
funding through the Environmental Quality
Incentives Program.

Cassie Ridenour, chair of the Ohio Tree
Farm System, been promoting white
oak regeneration on her 239-acre tree
farm using EQIP funding for a midstory
removal project on 16 acres in 2019.

Focusing on Private Landowners
Family forest owners are a
critical component of any effort
to regenerate white oak in Ohio.
According to the USDA, families
and individuals own 70% of Ohio's
forestland, and 63% of the state's
woodlands are oak/hickory forests.
The individual actions of private
landowners can really add up over
time, but getting them engaged in
proper land-management practices
can be a challenge. The USDA
report found that only 12% of Ohio's
landowners with 10 or more acres
have management plans for their
forests, and less than 20% have
received forest management advice.
"The future of oak is in our hands,"
Apsley said. "It really comes down to
us - not just the people who manage
state and national forests but private
woodland owners too - working
together to solve this problem. If we
keep doing things the way we're
doing them, we're going to lose the
oak dominance on a lot of our land,
so we're trying to stem that tide."
Jim Savage, a tree farmer with
450 acres in southeastern Ohio, is
among those taking action. During
a larger harvest operation six years
ago, he removed about threequarters of the tall trees from a 5.2acre oak dominated stand that was
in decline. The few trees remaining
after this shelterwood harvest
provided acorns to supplement
white oak regeneration, and with
the canopy partially broken up, light

After removing red
maple and other
shade-tolerant trees
from the midstory and
understory of an aging
white oak stand on his
Athens County, Ohio
Tree Farm, Mitch Farley
will likely perform a
shelterwood harvest
and remove about 80%
of the older trees.

32 WOODLAND * Summer 2020

could hit the ground and promote
new growth.
White oak seedlings devote most of
their energy to root development, and
they need just the right amount of light
to thrive. If insufficient sunlight hits
the ground, shade-tolerant species
such as red maple, dogwoods and
American beech will outcompete
white oak. Full sunlight doesn't work
either because it allows faster-growing
species such as poplars to overtop
white oak seedlings.
To promote white oak on his
property, Savage plans to capitalize
on its main evolutionary advantage
- its strong, carrot-like root system,
which allows seedlings to resprout
quickly after a forest fire. Savage had
a controlled burn scheduled for this
spring, but it was postponed until this
fall due to the coronavirus pandemic.
While he waits for the next narrow
burn window, Savage said he's
excited that his land will be the site of
Ohio's first prescribed burn aimed at
oak regeneration on private land with
funding through the Environmental
Quality Incentives Program (EQIP).
Administered by the Natural
Resources Conservation Service,
EQIP provides financial and technical
assistance for private landowners
engaged in conservation work.
"We're hopeful that we can do it
this fall because we really need to
get it done," said Savage, a semiretired commercial litigation attorney.
"Oak is highly resistant to fire, and
other trees are not, so you basically
run a fire through the area to kill all
the seedlings that are outcompeting
the oak. The little oak trees aren't
harmed at all, and then they're free to
shoot up and dominate the stand as
you had intended."
Elsewhere on his property, Savage
has thinned stands to provide more
light for promising oak seedlings, and
he's removed grapevines that stretch
to the top of oak trees and prevent
them from bending with the wind,
which often results in broken trees
during powerful storms.
"If that happens, the tree's no good,
at least for lumber," Savage said.


Woodland - Summer 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Woodland - Summer 2020

Forests and Families
Forest Interactions
Forestry Amid a Pandemic
National Treasure: The Return of Longleaf
White Oak in the Buckeye State
Tools and Resources
Amazon Makes Major Investment in Family Forests
Woodland - Summer 2020 - Intro
Woodland - Summer 2020 - cover1
Woodland - Summer 2020 - cover2
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 3
Woodland - Summer 2020 - Overstory
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 5
Woodland - Summer 2020 - Forests and Families
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 7
Woodland - Summer 2020 - Forest Interactions
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 9
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 10
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 11
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 12
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 13
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 14
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 15
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 16
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 17
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 18
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 19
Woodland - Summer 2020 - Forestry Amid a Pandemic
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 21
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 22
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 23
Woodland - Summer 2020 - National Treasure: The Return of Longleaf
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 25
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 26
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 27
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 28
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 29
Woodland - Summer 2020 - White Oak in the Buckeye State
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 31
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 32
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 33
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 34
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 35
Woodland - Summer 2020 - Tools and Resources
Woodland - Summer 2020 - 37
Woodland - Summer 2020 - Amazon Makes Major Investment in Family Forests
Woodland - Summer 2020 - cover3
Woodland - Summer 2020 - cover4