Woodland - Winter 2020 - 16

Seedlings
Continued

Snags
Standing dead and dying trees,
called " snags " are important
for wildlife in both natural and
landscaped settings, occurring as a
result of disease, lightning, fire, animal
damage, too much shade, drought,
root competition, as well as old age.
Birds, small mammals, and
other wildlife use snags for
nests, nurseries, storage areas,
foraging, roosting, and perching.
Live trees with snag-like features,
such as hollow trunks, excavated
cavities, and dead branches
can provide similar wildlife value.
Snags occurring along streams
and shorelines eventually may fall
into the water, adding important
woody debris to aquatic habitat.
Dead branches are often used as
perches; snags that lack limbs are
often more decayed and, may have
more and larger cavities for shelter
and nesting. Snags enhance local
natural areas by attracting wildlife
species that may not otherwise be
found there.

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16 WOODLAND * Winter 2020

ISTOCK.COM/STANLEY45

Young trees can provide food
for animals as well but need to be
managed to ensure a percentage of
new trees can grow and are not fully
consume by wildlife.

Decaying Trees
Decaying logs retain moisture
and nutrients that aid in new plant
growth and support wildlife such as
soil organisms (earthworms, beetles,
and other insects). Young trees
may sprout from a single downed
limb known as a nurse log. The soft
wood tissue of a nurse log offers
an ideal substrate for many young
trees during their initial growth and
development. Logs also store energy
and fix nitrogen. Furthermore, dead
wood serves as a ground cover,
lessening soil erosion and preventing
animals such as deer from overbrowsing plant seedlings.
Wildlife trees become softer as
fungi, bacteria, and wood boring
insects eat and break down the wood.
Wildlife Need Trees
Many different types of wildlife
depend on trees for food, water,
cover, or places to raise their young.
You can help by planting trees
and creating wildlife habitat in your

community for wildlife - like some
of these:
*	 American Robin
*	 Bald Eagle
*	 Burrowing Owl
*	 Great Horned Owl
*	 Northern Mockingbird
*	 Peregrine Falcon
*	 Black Rat Snake
*	 California Red-Legged Frog
*	 Wood Frog
*	 Spotted Salamander
*	 Black Carpenter Ant
*	Earthworms
*	 Walking Sticks
*	 American Beaver
*	Bats
*	Bears
*	Raccoon
*	 Snowshoe Hare
You can symbolically adopt
wildlife and support the Trees
for Wildlife™ program. For more
information visit the website at
shopnwf.org/categories/ShopAdoption-Center-Adopt-anAnimal/.
A


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Woodland - Winter 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Woodland - Winter 2020

Our Forests & Our Future
Cutthroat Brook Tree Farm & North Quabbin Land Trust Provide Accessible Trails
Forest Interactions
Outreach & Connections Through Virtual Events
Planting Seeds for the Future of Family Forestry
Woods, Wildlife and Warblers Program Obtain Funding for Expansion
Overcoming the Forester Capacity Challenge in the Western U.S.
2020 Policy Wins
Woodland - Winter 2020 - Intro
Woodland - Winter 2020 - cover1
Woodland - Winter 2020 - cover2
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 3
Woodland - Winter 2020 - Our Forests & Our Future
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 5
Woodland - Winter 2020 - Cutthroat Brook Tree Farm & North Quabbin Land Trust Provide Accessible Trails
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 7
Woodland - Winter 2020 - Forest Interactions
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 9
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 10
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 11
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 12
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 13
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 14
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 15
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 16
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 17
Woodland - Winter 2020 - Outreach & Connections Through Virtual Events
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 19
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 20
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 21
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 22
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 23
Woodland - Winter 2020 - Planting Seeds for the Future of Family Forestry
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 25
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 26
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 27
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 28
Woodland - Winter 2020 - Woods, Wildlife and Warblers Program Obtain Funding for Expansion
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 30
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 31
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 32
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 33
Woodland - Winter 2020 - Overcoming the Forester Capacity Challenge in the Western U.S.
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 35
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 2020 Policy Wins
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 37
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 38
Woodland - Winter 2020 - cover3
Woodland - Winter 2020 - cover4
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