Woodland - Winter 2020 - 32

Goldenwinged Warbler;

IMAGE COURTESY OF AUDUBON PHOTOGRAPHY AWARDS, MICHAEL STUBBLEFIELD

and office use. Sustainably harvested fiber from
Northern forests is ideal for making these products,
Gibson said.
" The Northern hardwoods are very conducive to
a bright-white, very smooth type of sheet and less
conducive to products needing a lot of strength, like a
cardboard box, " she said.
" We can't let everyone bring all the wood they want to
Ticonderoga, " she added. " We can only take so much.
But we give priority to wood coming from a Woods,
Wildlife and Warblers project over other non-third-partycertified sources. "
Gibson said participating in the program is in keeping
with International Paper's focus on sustainable business
practices.
" Even though the program has been going on for a
few years now, in some ways, it's just starting to gain
momentum, which is really exciting, " Gibson said. " It
can take a long time to identify the right landowners to
work with and to get them involved. I think over the next
few years, we're
going to be able
to really get the
word out to more
landowners. "
Diversified
Forest
Landscapes
The migratory
bird species
highlighted by the
Woods, Wildlife
and Warblers
Steve Hagenbuch, forest conservation program
manager for Audubon Vermont.

32 WOODLAND * Winter 2020

Woodthrush;

IMAGE COURTESY OF AUDUBON PHOTOGRAPHY AWARDS, KATHY JOHNSON

program don't hang out in just one part of the forest.
Instead, they need a mixture of early successional and
mature-forest habitat to flourish. Steve Hagenbuch,
forest conservation program manager for Audubon
Vermont, said the ideal environment is essentially the
opposite of a park setting, where there is low-cut grass,
some tall trees and basically nothing in between.
These species depend on a diversified forest setting
featuring areas of young forest regenerating from a
harvest or extreme weather event, areas where the
understory has firmly established itself and areas of
mature growth.
Every layer of vegetation is claimed by several
species for nesting. Ovenbirds nest on the ground,
for example, while black-throated blue warblers seek
out thick vegetation such as shrubs that are five or six
feet off ground. Wood thrushes nest in the midstory,
and blackburnian warblers, among the highest-nesting
species in the forest, can look down on them all.
The American woodcock offers a prime example of
a species that relies upon all three forest habitats to
survive. Its nest is a shallow hole in the ground filled
with dead leaves that provide camouflage. The birds
snatch up earthworms, which make up as much as
95% of their diet, from the moist forest soil, and they
take advantage of open fields and gaps in the canopy to
roost and perform their elaborate courtship ritual.
To attract a mate in early spring, males fly from their
roosts in a clearing about 300 feet straight up, then
drop back down to the spot they just left and repeat
the performance. The action occurs in the evening or
early morning, when there is enough sunlight for female
woodcocks to take in the show but not so much light as
to attract predators.
Abandoned fields and early successional forests, so
vital to migratory birds like the American woodcock,



Woodland - Winter 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Woodland - Winter 2020

Our Forests & Our Future
Cutthroat Brook Tree Farm & North Quabbin Land Trust Provide Accessible Trails
Forest Interactions
Outreach & Connections Through Virtual Events
Planting Seeds for the Future of Family Forestry
Woods, Wildlife and Warblers Program Obtain Funding for Expansion
Overcoming the Forester Capacity Challenge in the Western U.S.
2020 Policy Wins
Woodland - Winter 2020 - Intro
Woodland - Winter 2020 - cover1
Woodland - Winter 2020 - cover2
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 3
Woodland - Winter 2020 - Our Forests & Our Future
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 5
Woodland - Winter 2020 - Cutthroat Brook Tree Farm & North Quabbin Land Trust Provide Accessible Trails
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 7
Woodland - Winter 2020 - Forest Interactions
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 9
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 10
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 11
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 12
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 13
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 14
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 15
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 16
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 17
Woodland - Winter 2020 - Outreach & Connections Through Virtual Events
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 19
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 20
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 21
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 22
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 23
Woodland - Winter 2020 - Planting Seeds for the Future of Family Forestry
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 25
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 26
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 27
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 28
Woodland - Winter 2020 - Woods, Wildlife and Warblers Program Obtain Funding for Expansion
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 30
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 31
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 32
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 33
Woodland - Winter 2020 - Overcoming the Forester Capacity Challenge in the Western U.S.
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 35
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 2020 Policy Wins
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 37
Woodland - Winter 2020 - 38
Woodland - Winter 2020 - cover3
Woodland - Winter 2020 - cover4
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