Oculus - Summer 2015 - (Page 49)

HONOR PR O J ECT S Rethinking Refugee Communities Architect: Ennead Architects Project Partners: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees; Stanford University Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies m ore than 10.5 million refugees are dispersed across the globe, many living in camps where the average stay is 17 years. In a partnership with Stanford University and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Ennead Architects helped UNHCR meet its commitment to "enable refugees to access and live in dignity in secure settlements that improve their social, economic, and environmental quality of life as a community." APPENDIX Maps of the 16 factors for Scenario 1: Due to daunting political conditions and shortage of land, some refugee settlements can't meet established guidelines. This project will nurture relationships among refugees and host communities with an eye towards durable solutions and exit strategies. A "toolkit" framework integrates information, design, technical tools, and the expertise of multiple disciplines and stakeholders to better plan settlements. Operating at the macro, mezzo, and micro levels, it covers three stages of camp evolution: contingency, durable, and exit. The toolkit enables UNHCR to holistically plan and design settlements by improving the campsite selection process and defining ways to link refugee and host communities for mutual benefit. It also results in camps that maintain a sustainable relationship between refugees and the land. \ Jury: "this is laudable for how it brings design into the conversation about settlements, and shows how architects can provide frameworks for a new paradigm, challenging institutional thinking in the process." ennead architectS deSiGn Don Weinreich, AIA, Eliza Montgomery, Gregory G. Canaras, AIA, Michael Caton, Jeffrey Geisinger, AIA, LEED AP, Dalia Hamati, Vram Malek, AIA, Amy Maresko, Daniel G. Walsh, AIA team: APPENDIX Maps of the 16 factors for Scenario 1: MACRO Site Selection MESO Shared Use MICRO Site Design ENVIRONMENTAL & SOCIAL DATA LAYERS PLANNING TYPOLOGIES ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS 1M 1M 1M 1M PROGRAMMATIC & SPATIAL ADAPTATION PARAMETERS 1M 1M 1M 1M APPENDIX Maps of the 16 factors for Scenario 1: Housing & Community Outward Expansion 15% 2.5% Public Buildings Transportation & Connectivity Recreation Resources Ecology Satellite Settlements Topography Analysis 15% 2.5% Decentralized Villages Connective Corridor HOST - REFUGEE SHARED USE OVER TIME EMERGENCY SETTLEMENT INFORMAL SCHOOL ADJACENT TO SHELTERS LOCAL COMMUNITY EMERGENCY SETTLEMENT INFRASTRUCTURE SHELTERED PLAY AREA LOCAL COMMUNITY KEEP CLEAR FOR EMERGENCY ACCESS INFRASTRUCTURE FUTURE: BUILT PLAYGROUND 5% 7.5% 7.5% SHELTER 5% WATER POINT SHELTER WATER DISTRIBUTION FUTURE: ADDITIONAL CLASSROOMS WATER DISTRIBUTION SITE SUITABILITY MAP Emergency Step 1: Locate major ridges & valleys EMERGENCY SETTLEMENT EMERGENCY SETTLEMENT $ LOCAL COMMUNITY LOCAL COMMUNITY INFRASTRUCTURE INFRASTRUCTURE CONTINGENCY PHASE MAPPING TOOL: SUITABILITY SCORE ADJUMANI DISTRICT, UGANDA CRITICAL DRIVERS POPULATION SOIL QUALITY WETLANDS SAFE WATER & ACCESS EDUCATION & HEALTH CARE Emergency SOLAR-POWERED SECURITY LIGHTING SCHOOL & PLAYGROUND EXPANSION FUTURE: SHELTERS FOR TEACHERS SHADE STRUCTURE SHADE STRUCTURE RAINWATER COLLECTION RAINWATER COLLECTION WATER DISTRIBUTION FUTURE: FORMAL RECREATION WATER DISTRIBUTION Step 2: Locate minor drainage channels Transition Transition SOUTH SUDAN ADULT LEARNING CENTRE KENYA EMERGENCY SETTLEMENT DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO EMERGENCY SETTLEMENT ELEMENTRARY SCHOOL LOCAL COMMUNITY LOCAL COMMUNITY TEACHER HOUSING RECREATION SPACE INFRASTRUCTURE INFRASTRUCTURE SOLAR PANELS ON CANOPY SOLAR PANELS ON CANOPY EXPANDED INFRASTRUCTURE RWANDA EXPANDED INFRASTRUCTURE GARDEN SPACE TANZANIA GARDEN SPACE LOCAL ENTREPENEURIAL SPACE BARATUKU: SUITABILITY SCORE ©Ennead Lab/Ennead Architects Population Soil Wetlands Safe Water 5 2 7 7 Water Access School Access 8 2 Hospital Access 1 4.6 NYUMANZI 1: SUITABILITY SCORE Population Soil Wetlands Safe Water Water Access School Access Hospital Access 7 3 2 7 5.7 10 7 4 3 4 3 7 9 7 FUTURE: SHARE RESOURCES Step 3: Locate settlement zones NYUMANZI R.C.: SUITABILITY SCORE Population Soil Wetlands Safe Water Water Access School Access Hospital Access LOCAL ENTREPENEURIAL SPACE Sustainable 5.1 3 EMERGENCY SETTLEMENT EMERGENCY SETTLEMENT LOCAL COMMUNITY INFRASTRUCTURE EXISTING SCHOOL LOCAL COMMUNITY WOMENS CENTRE YOUTH CENTRE INFRASTRUCTURE EXISTING VILLAGE SETTELEMENT EDUCATION CAMPUS NYUMANZI 2: SUITABILITY SCORE Population Soil Wetlands Safe Water Population Soil Wetlands Safe Water 3 6 5 7 Water Access School Access 7 9 Hospital Access 3 5 6 7 Water Access School Access Hospital Access SILILI: SUITABILITY SCORE 7 7 NURSERY 6 6.1 5.4 EXPANDED PUBLIC SPACE 3 EXPANDED PUBLIC SPACE NEW REFUGEE SETTLEMENT *Collaboration with Stanford University's 'GIS for Good' course. Students: Catie Mong, Christy Nelson, and Monzi Oni BOROLI: SUITABILITY SCORE 3 10 4 9 Integration Step 4: Locate flexible open space buffer 9 6 Population Soil Wetlands Safe Water Water Access School Access 5 6 3 5 5 9 Hospital Access 7 Hospital Access 6 6.9 5.8 2015 AIANY Design Awards SUITABILITY Summer 2015 Oculus Sources: Esri, HERE, DeLorme, TomTom, Intermap, increment P Corp., GEBCO, USGS, FAO, NPS, NRCAN, GeoBase, IGN, Kadaster NL, Ordnance Survey, Esri Japan, METI, Esri China (Hong Kong), swisstopo, MapmyIndia, © OpenStreetMap contributors, and the GIS User Community 2.25 4.5 9 Integration AYILO: SUITABILITY SCORE Population Soil Wetlands Safe Water Water Access School Access 0 Sustainable 13.5 Kilometers 18 49

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Oculus - Summer 2015

First Words: Letter From the President: Collecting Change
Center for Architecture: Center Highlights
Introduction: Going Beyond the Program
Urban Design
Last Words: Letter From the Interim Executive Director: Design Matters - to Everyone
Index to Advertisers

Oculus - Summer 2015