Quality Progress - January 2014 - (Page 50)

INNOVATION IMPERATIVE BY PETER MERRILL The New Revolution 3-D printing is changing manufacturing and the world as we know it WITH THE THEME of this QP issue be- The innovator looks for unmet needs, ing technology, it was an easy decision to and there are so many out there. The focus the Innovation Imperative column innovator asks: Where do people waste on 3-D printing. It is one of the most time, and where are they having trouble exciting new technologies since the tran- getting things done? Whether it is finding sistor of the last century, and since the the right nuts and bolts for a household steam engine two centuries before that. task, finding a new pair of shoes of But in this column, I want to focus less the right style, color and fit, or at the on the technology and more on the pos- extreme, waiting for surgery or an organ sibilities the technology brings. The tech- transplant, 3-D printing will at some time nology is changing at an amazing pace. If in the not-too-distant future provide an- I had written this column two years ago, swers to frustrating tasks. It's not there the facts and the data I quote would have yet, but at the present pace of develop- been very different. Two years from now, ment, it's getting closer every day. this column will likely be obsolete. So what are the possibilities? Imagine Technological basics you are doing a job around the house Many readers are likely already familiar and you're missing a bolt or screw of the with 3-D printing technology, so I will correct thread, or even a wrench of the discuss it only briefly. It combines the right size. You waste an hour hunting for technologies of inkjet printing, com- it, then-in frustration-drive to the store puter-aided design (CAD) software and to buy what you need. advanced materials. You've already seen Ten years from now, you will go to your 3-D PRINTING is a process that makes a solid object of virtually any shape from a digital model. it in movies. Remember "Mission Impos- you need the CAD software, which has computer, or more likely your handheld sible III" when Ethan Hunt (Tom Cruise) become well-developed in recent years. device, input the data for the item you and his team build a mask he will wear You need hardware-similar to your desktop printer. Finally, you need mate- 3-D printing will at some time in the not-too-distant future provide answers to frustrating tasks. rial, which is where the challenges are. The first step in all 3-D printing processes is for software to identify crosssections through the item to be built and calculate how each layer must be created. The machine builds up the item a layer at a time by applying a thin layer of resin or by using a laser to melt metal powder. need, press "print" and your 3-D printer- to impersonate the evil villain? You see The material hardens in the pattern of the which will be the size of your present the mask being built in a series of layers cross-section. It's just like in the "Mission desktop 2-D printer-will make what you using a computer image and injecting a Impossible" example. need while you have a cup of coffee. material onto a base where the material This is not something from science fiction writer Isaac Asimov1-this is the real world. 50 QP * www.qualityprogress.com The tray on which the item sits drops solidifies. The computer image is repli- about a millimeter or less, a new layer of cated on the mask. resin is applied and the process repeats. Conceptually, that's all it is. Practically, A variation on this operates like inkjet http://www.qualityprogress.com

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Quality Progress - January 2014

Up Front
LogOn
Expert Answers
Keeping Current
Mr. Pareto Head
Breaking Down Barriers
Follow the Fundamentals
Fresh Perspective
Back in Service
Quality in the First Person
Career Corner
Innovation Imperative
Statistics Roundtable
Standards Outook
QP Toolbox
QP Reviews
One Good Idea

Quality Progress - January 2014

https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0719
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0619
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0519
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0419
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0319
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0219
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0119
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM1218
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM1118
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM1018
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0918
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0818
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0718
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0618
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0518
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0418
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0318
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0218
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0118
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM1217
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM1117
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM1017
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0917
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0817
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0717
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0617
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0517
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0417
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQC12518
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0317
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0217
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0117
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM1216
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM1116
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM1016
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASAC0016
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0916
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQA0016
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0816
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0716
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0616
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0516
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0416
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0316
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0216
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0116
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM1215
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM1115
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM1015
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0915
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0815
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0715
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0615
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0515
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0315
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0215
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0115
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM1214
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM1114
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM1014
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0914
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0814
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0714
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0614
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0514
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0414
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0314
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0214
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0114
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM1213
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM1113
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM1013
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0913
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0813
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0713
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0613
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0513
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0413
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/ASQM/ASQM0313
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/naylor/ASQM0213
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/naylor/ASQM0113
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/naylor/ASQM1212
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/naylor/ASQM1112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/naylor/ASQM1012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/naylor/ASQM0912
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com