Quality Progress - September 2017 - 17

organizations under scrutiny by listening to the people
who work there every day.

Food safety

Anytime there are food recalls or outbreaks of widespread foodborne illnesses, activities surrounding food
safety come to the forefront. It is undeniable that food
safety-defined by the Codex Alimentarius Commission
(CAC)2 as the assurance that food will not cause harm to
the consumer when it is prepared and/or eaten according
to its intended use-has evolved greatly since the 1960s.
In that decade, the building blocks of what would become
the hazard analysis and critical control points (HACCP)
were created almost simultaneously in Europe and the
United States.
Some landmarks of those first steps were the first
meeting of the CAC in 1963, the publication of General
Principles of Food Hygiene in 1969, and the work between
Pillsbury Co. and NASA to provide safe food for military
personnel and astronauts during the 1960s, which culminated in an embryonic HACCP system applied to Pillsbury
retail products in 1971.
In those early days, the number of organizations that
implemented HACCP were few and the assessment of
HACCP's efficacy was done internally. The driving force for
auditing food safety systems-at least in a more systematic
and frequent way-came years later with the advancement of food safety standards such as the Safe Quality
Food (SQF) certification in 1994, British Retail Consortium
(BRC) in 1998, the International Featured Standards (IFS)
in 2003, as well as when implementation of these HACCP-based standards became mandatory for some large
retailers.
Most of the controversy that has been affecting the
confidence on the certification by these systems over the
years is mostly due to three factors:
1. The most common driver for implementation is external
(for example, clients).
2. The certification body is selected and contracted by the
organization that needs to be certified.
3. The audits are scheduled in advance, which compromises the spontaneity of the audit day.
In recent years, more organizations have decided to voluntarily join unannounced audits programs. Last March,
however, a decisive step was taken to the generalization
of this principle when the Global Food Safety Initiative

GFSI

The Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI) is a nonprofit foundation with the mission of providing
continuous improvement in food safety management
systems to ensure confidence in the delivery of safe
food to consumers worldwide. With collaborative
efforts by a community of food safety experts in
different areas (for example, manufacturing, retail
and international organizations, as well as academia),
GFSI aims to increase trust in the supply chain while
reducing food safety risks and duplicate audit costs.
The approach taken is a benchmarking model
in which food safety management schemes are
matched to defined requirements in a guidance
document. This model allows not only guaranteeing
equivalence and convergence between food safety
management systems, but also allows organizations to retain control to choose between different
schemes.

Once certified-accepted anywhere

This was the proposal that set the tone for the creation of GFSI in 2000.
A yet-to-be completed GFSI efficacy study-
intended to assess the efficacy and business impact
of the implementation of GFSI-recognized schemes-
demonstrates three major benefits:

61%
72%
90%

of organizations increase their abili-

ties to produce safe food.
said food safety practices were

enhanced.

said employee awareness and

knowledge were raised.
Another interesting conclusion was that the major
driver to implement a GFSI-recognized scheme is
external. As far as the most important factors leading
to certification, 67% defined "Existing customer
requirements, to continue doing business with
them." The second most common (9%) answer was
"Potential new customer requirements, to start doing
business with them." -N.M.F.S.
Source: Nuno M.F. Soares, António A. Vicente and Cristina
M.A. Martins, Food Safety in the Seafood Industry: A
Practical Guide for ISO 22000 and FSSC 22000 Implementation, Wiley-Blackwell, March 2016.

qualityprogress.com ❘ September 2017

QP 17


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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Quality Progress - September 2017

Seen and Heard
Progress Report
Mr. Pareto Head
Career Coach
Expert Answers
Field Notes
Data Disruption
The Deal With Big Data
Better Intelligence
A Study in Measurement
Innovation Imperative
Statistics Spotlight
Standard Issues
ASQ's 2017 Quality Resource Guide
Marketplace
Footnotes
Back to Basics
Quality Progress - September 2017 - Intro
Quality Progress - September 2017 - cover1
Quality Progress - September 2017 - cover2
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 1
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 2
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 3
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 4
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 5
Quality Progress - September 2017 - Seen and Heard
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 7
Quality Progress - September 2017 - Progress Report
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 9
Quality Progress - September 2017 - Mr. Pareto Head
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 11
Quality Progress - September 2017 - Career Coach
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 13
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 14
Quality Progress - September 2017 - Expert Answers
Quality Progress - September 2017 - Field Notes
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 17
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 18
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 19
Quality Progress - September 2017 - Data Disruption
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 21
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 22
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 23
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 24
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 25
Quality Progress - September 2017 - The Deal With Big Data
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 27
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 28
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 29
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 30
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 31
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 32
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 33
Quality Progress - September 2017 - Better Intelligence
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 35
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 36
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 37
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 38
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 39
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 40
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 41
Quality Progress - September 2017 - A Study in Measurement
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 43
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 44
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 45
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 46
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 47
Quality Progress - September 2017 - Innovation Imperative
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 49
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 50
Quality Progress - September 2017 - Statistics Spotlight
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 52
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 53
Quality Progress - September 2017 - Standard Issues
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 55
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 56
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 57
Quality Progress - September 2017 - ASQ's 2017 Quality Resource Guide
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 59
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 60
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 61
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 62
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 63
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 64
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 65
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 66
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 67
Quality Progress - September 2017 - Marketplace
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 69
Quality Progress - September 2017 - Footnotes
Quality Progress - September 2017 - 71
Quality Progress - September 2017 - Back to Basics
Quality Progress - September 2017 - cover3
Quality Progress - September 2017 - cover4
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