Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - 23

WHEN CONGRESS PASSED the Rivers and Harbors Act of 1899,
it bestowed on the Army Corps of Engineers the duty to maintain
navigability in the waters of the United States (WOTUS). This action
marked the beginning of a century of continuing struggles to establish
jurisdictional equilibrium.
The saga begins when 13 colonies of the world spanning British
Empire, on the Atlantic seaboard of North America, decided enough
was enough (or at least a sufficient number of local leaders and
citizens did). As Thomas Jefferson wrote in his draft and the final
form of The Declaration of Independence "When in the Course
of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve
the political bands which have connected them with another, and
to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal
station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle
them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that
they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation."
During the War of Independence, the peoples of the 13 states agreed
to collective governance under the Articles of Confederation and
Perpetual Union. The United States governed themselves under
this document and the principles of English law; they rejected the
authority of the British Government over them but were not to
throw away the principles of law that were their patrimony.
After the war, it became evident that the confederation form
of government was failing and brilliant minds of the time came
up with a new form of governance based on one part British legal
traditions, one part French democracy and philosophy, and one part
Americans' unique experience.
This Constitution, and the adoption of it by the original states,
set up a system whereby a central/national/federal government had
certain powers and duties, powers and duties shared with the states;
powers reserved to the states; and the rest of the rights reserved
to the people. The fundamental logic behind this was based on
experiences both with an out-of-control British monarchy and the
anarchic, bankrupt situation that developed under the too-loose
Confederation. The nation needed governance that had appropriate
powers, duties and limits to "form a more perfect Union, establish
Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common
defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of
Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity." And since March 4, 1789,
the Constitution of the United States, the Democratic Republic and
Dual Federalism system of governance have served the nation well.
Historically, when the nation was much smaller geographically
and demographically, states played a larger role in governance. But
as the nation grew, the necessity to maintain that more "perfect
Union" necessitated the growth of federal authority and power.
Volume 20 * Number 1 www.awra.org * 23


http://www.awra.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018

President’s Message
The National Water Model Vision
Transforming NOAA Water Prediction: The New National Water Model
Perspectives on the National Water Model
FloodCast: A Framework for Enhanced Flood Event Decision Making for Transportation Resilience
Hurricane Harvey and the National Water Model
Contributions of the Academic Community in Advancing the National Water Model
Turning on the Faucet: Making National Water Model Data Flow
The New Economics of Water: Balancing Urban and Agricultural Water Needs on Colorado’s Front Range
What’s Up with Water: United We Stand, Divided We Fall: States Rights and WOTUS Rule
International Conference Recap
AWRA State Section and Student Chapter News
December JAWRA Highlights
In Memoriam: Ari Michelsen
2018-2019 Richard A. Herbert Memorial Scholarship Opportunities
AWRA Board of Directors 2018 Call for Nominations
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - Intro
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - cover1
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - cover2
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - 3
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - 4
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - President’s Message
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - The National Water Model Vision
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - 7
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - Transforming NOAA Water Prediction: The New National Water Model
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - 9
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - Perspectives on the National Water Model
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - 11
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - FloodCast: A Framework for Enhanced Flood Event Decision Making for Transportation Resilience
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - 13
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - Hurricane Harvey and the National Water Model
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - 15
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - 16
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - Contributions of the Academic Community in Advancing the National Water Model
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - 18
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - Turning on the Faucet: Making National Water Model Data Flow
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - 20
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - The New Economics of Water: Balancing Urban and Agricultural Water Needs on Colorado’s Front Range
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - What’s Up with Water: United We Stand, Divided We Fall: States Rights and WOTUS Rule
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - 23
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - 24
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - International Conference Recap
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - AWRA State Section and Student Chapter News
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - December JAWRA Highlights
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - In Memoriam: Ari Michelsen
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - 2018-2019 Richard A. Herbert Memorial Scholarship Opportunities
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - AWRA Board of Directors 2018 Call for Nominations
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - cover3
Water Resources - IMPACT - January 2018 - cover4
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