The Right Angle Journal - Spring 2020 - 8

Ancient Roman
latrines, Ostia.
FUBAR OBFUSCO,
WIKIMEDIA COMMONS

In classical societies, notably Greek and Roman, bathing was a communal activity
and the bathhouse was a social gathering point, as it is in many societies to this day.
Modern Western bathers, by comparison, prefer the divine seclusion of the soaking
tub and shower stall.
Today's bathroom owes its existence to a few significant scientific accomplishments:
first, the invention of the flush toilet by Sir John Harrington in 1596, and then Alexander
Cummings's odour-eliminating S-trap in 1775. Further technological advancements in
water supply and sewage systems meant that bathing and eliminating became more
common indoor activities.4
However, for most people even on comfortable incomes, the 20th Century
bathroom remained a hospital-like space with sparse white fittings and
limited hot water. And, where in the present century ever more people
expect multiple bathrooms and lavatories, there was usually only one of
each even in detached, four bedroom homes built up to World War Two.
- "How the Design of the Modern Bathroom Evolved," by Jonathan Glancey5

As Ian Ellingham points put in the following essay, the average North American
bathroom has come a long way in recent years, especially when compared to the rest
of the world, as the following statistics show:
* "[T]he bathroom is the most expensive room to remodel per square foot...because
you're fitting a lot into that small space."6
* According to an American online poll, the largest group of homes (about 1/3 of them)
has one bathroom for every two residents; the second-largest group (about 1/4 of
all homes) has one bathroom per person; and in third place (1/8 of all homes) are
those that have more bathrooms than people, tied with those with three people per
bathroom.7
* More than 2.6 billion people around the world don't have access to safe sanitation.
Instead of using toilets connected to sewer lines, most leave their waste on the
ground or in a ditch or pit.8
* The water from one flush of a toilet is equal to what an average person uses each
day in the 30 world's poorest countries.9
Yet, in at least one respect, we are still in the early Stone Age:
In July 2010, the U.N. General Assembly declared access to clean
water and sanitation a "human right" in a resolution that more than
40 countries including the United States [and Canada] didn't support.10
NOTES:

1. See Also: Lawrence Wright Clean and Decent: The History of the Bathroom and the W.C. Abingdon-on-Thames,
UK: Routledge Kegan & Paul; New Ed edition (September 1984)
2. http://factsanddetails.com/world/cat57/sub379/item2168.html
3. www.mcgill.ca/waterislife/waterathome/how-much-are-we-using
4. www.bbc.com/culture/story/20171204-how-the-design-of-the-modern-bathroom-evolved
5. www.bbc.com/culture/story/20171204-how-the-design-of-the-modern-bathroom-evolved
6. www.housebeautiful.com/home-remodeling/renovation/a21732519/bathroom-renovation-cost
7. www.treehugger.com/bathroom-design/how-many-bathrooms-do-you-need-house.html
8. http://factsanddetails.com/world/cat57/sub379/item2168.html
9. Ibid.
10. http://factsanddetails.com/world/cat57/sub379/item2168.html

8 | Read The Right Angle Journal online www.therightanglejournal.com


http://www.factsanddetails.com/world/cat57/sub379/item2168.html http://www.mcgill.ca/waterislife/waterathome/how-much-are-we-using http://www.bbc.com/culture/story/20171204-how-the-design-of-the-modern-bathroom-evolved http://www.bbc.com/culture/story/20171204-how-the-design-of-the-modern-bathroom-evolved http://www.housebeautiful.com/home-remodeling/renovation/a21732519/bathroom-renovation-cost http://www.treehugger.com/bathroom-design/how-many-bathrooms-do-you-need-house.html http://www.factsanddetails.com/world/cat57/sub379/item2168.html http://www.factsanddetails.com/world/cat57/sub379/item2168.html http://www.therightanglejournal.com

The Right Angle Journal - Spring 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The Right Angle Journal - Spring 2020

Water
Index to Advertisers
Locations
The Right Angle Journal - Spring 2020 - Intro
The Right Angle Journal - Spring 2020 - cover1
The Right Angle Journal - Spring 2020 - cover2
The Right Angle Journal - Spring 2020 - 3
The Right Angle Journal - Spring 2020 - Water
The Right Angle Journal - Spring 2020 - 5
The Right Angle Journal - Spring 2020 - 6
The Right Angle Journal - Spring 2020 - 7
The Right Angle Journal - Spring 2020 - 8
The Right Angle Journal - Spring 2020 - 9
The Right Angle Journal - Spring 2020 - 10
The Right Angle Journal - Spring 2020 - Index to Advertisers
The Right Angle Journal - Spring 2020 - 12
The Right Angle Journal - Spring 2020 - 13
The Right Angle Journal - Spring 2020 - Locations
The Right Angle Journal - Spring 2020 - cover3
The Right Angle Journal - Spring 2020 - cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/BEFQ/BEFQ0220
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/BEFQ/BEFQ0120
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/BEFQ/BEFQ0419
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/BEFQ/BEFQ0319
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/BEFQ/BEFQ0219
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/BEFQ/BEFQ0119
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/BEFQ/BEFQ0418
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/BEFQ/BEFQ0318
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/BEFQ/BEFQ0218
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/BEFQ/BEFQ0118
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/BEFQ/BEFQ0417
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/BEFQ/BEFQ0317
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com