The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - 18

UX and
ARCHITECTURE
INTEGRATED BUILDING DESIGN...and MORE!
by STEPHEN POPE, OAA, FRAIC

houghtful individuals in the building design and construction industries have
often speculated about the failings of design, approval, and construction processes and debated how to improve them. How a building owner avoids "cost
effective retrofits available on opening day" is one such topic for conversation.
There is generally an agreement that better access to information and better
communication between the diverse participants in a design and construction project
is key to better building performance and physical quality.
In the late 1990s and early 2000s, this topic was the subject of research at
CanmetENERGY, part of Natural Resources Canada (NRCan), and simultaneously with
the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, part of the U.S. Department of Energy
(NREL). To the question of how to improve the quality of construction, at a cost that
was affordable, the answer to be tested was integrating all of the design disciplines.
The term "Integrated Design Process" (IDP) was coined to describe a workshop- (or
"charrette"-) based design approach, with all design disciplines plus the owner and
owner's operations and maintenance staff working together in the same room, to
optimize design decisions. As one could expect with such a broad concept, many other
names to describe the activity arose. Integrative Design, Integrated Building Design,
Charrette Design are all terms describing the core idea.
The NRCan C-2000 Program for Advanced Commercial Buildings put 23 buildings
through a structured IDP and demonstrated that a 50% reduction in energy use was
possible, even with owners and designers who were inexperienced in the process.
Initially the focus was on office buildings and schools, but retail stores, notably Mountain
Equipment Co-Op, also found success in the program. The premium for the improvement was identified as being "knowledge based," meaning that once the concepts
were understood, design and construction costs became less distinguishable from
normal operations. The initial projects had construction costs roughly seven percent
higher than conventional, but by the end of the program, costs were indistinguishable
from "business as usual."
NREL produced an extensive guide to running design charrettes that is still in use
today. The typical comparison of Canadian and U.S. government research (and research
budgets) is repeated with the results of the investigations. NREL went on to build the
Research Support Facility (RSF) at its campus in Golden, Colorado, and NRCan closed
the C-2000 program. For those interested, RSF is a three-storey, 33,648 m2 net-zero
site energy office building. Towards the end of the C-2000 program, a set of model
IDP meeting agendas covering a 13-meeting sequence following the program's passive
load shedding design approach was produced. This approach was based on C-2000
experience and was used in the design of Manitoba Hydro Place (KPMB Architects),
and NRCan's Materials Technology Lab (Diamond Schmitt Architects) in Hamilton, both
LEED Platinum certified facilities.
IDP is a term that has been associated with LEED since the program was introduced.
It was advocated in training courses, but a credit for using the method appeared for
18 | Read The Right Angle Journal online www.therightanglejournal.ca

The
structured
nature of
the design
process gives
owners an
opportunity
to confirm
that they are
getting value
from the
discussions,
especially
when, as
is common
in many
institutions,
the person
with the
financial
authority
has little
understanding
of building
construction
or operations.


http://www.therightanglejournal.com/

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018

Message from the Board
Walking
Integrated Building Design... and More
Feature Project: Guelph Market Square
Index of Advertisers
Locations
The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - Intro
The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - cover1
The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - cover2
The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - 3
The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - Message from the Board
The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - Walking
The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - 6
The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - 7
The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - 8
The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - 9
The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - 10
The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - 11
The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - 12
The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - 13
The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - 14
The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - 15
The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - 16
The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - 17
The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - Integrated Building Design... and More
The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - 19
The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - Feature Project: Guelph Market Square
The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - Index of Advertisers
The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - Locations
The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - cover3
The Right Angle Journal - Summer 2018 - cover4
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