Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 39

BANCS PUBLICS

JANE HUTTON

LYING DOWN IN PuBLIC
FR_ RESuMÉ

BANCS PUBLICS
PROPOSER Au PuBLIC DE NOuVEAuX
TYPES DE SIÈGES EXPRESSIFS
Les bancs publics sont souvent les seuls éléments à relier
physiquement les gens au paysage - la seule surface que les
gens touchent en fait. Jane Hutton nous écrit à propos de
modèles de mobilier récents dignes de mention qui incitent les
utilisateurs à s'étendre, à prendre leurs aises et même à adopter
des postures plus extrêmes dans les paysages publics à haute
densité. Ces types de sièges distinctifs remettent en question les
présupposés habituels sur les bancs publics.
EN_
LANDSCAPE SEATING IS a small, even inconspicuous, element
of public spaces, yet it is inordinately powerful. Furniture is
often the single element that physically links people with the
landscape - the only material surface that people actually touch.
Its dimensions, though a seemingly banal consideration, influence
how someone positions their body, interacts with others and
views a landscape. In fact, the form of furniture encodes or resists
social norms; it expresses ideas about posture and acceptable
ways of being in the public. Strategically placed armrests, for
example, are designed to prevent sleeping on benches: this is
deemed inappropriate in the public realm.
North American and European landscape seating has
historically encouraged upright postures. From the narrow, stone
benches lining Roman piazzas, to the cast-iron garden seats of
17 th century European gardens, to Central Park's concrete and
wood bench, designed to support the "the sensible mean between

a recumbent person and one who is but slightly relaxed," seating
designers carefully calibrate public posture. While in general,
upright positions have been the appropriate posture for public
interactions, seats with a greater recline have been for domestic
or secluded contexts. Recently, however, some notable landscape
furniture design is encouraging lying, sprawling and even more
extreme postures in dense, urban public landscapes. Three
distinct seating typologies are fundamentally questioning
traditional assumptions about what it means to sit in public.
1. THE DOMESTIC CHAISE LOUNGE
At Stoss' CityDeck in Green Bay, Wisconsin, visitors stretch out
in wood recliners, their legs extended towards the Fox River. A
wood boardwalk folds up at different points along its length
to form benches and longues of varying dimensions. Sitting at
CityDeck is a collective experience, akin to silent camaraderie
of loungers on an ocean liner, where the chaise typology is
associated with solitude.
In the early 20 th century, Le Corbusier, Marcel Breuer and Mies
van der Rohe's studios designed chaise longues for domestic
and office interiors, but the modernist desire to merge indoor
and outdoor space drew the typology outside to residential
patios and poolsides. The chaise longues signalled an era of
domestic leisure as well as the emergence of new post-war
materials including aluminium. Marcel Breuer's aluminium Chaise
Longue No. 313 used the flexibility of the material to make a
seat with a springed back and leg support. Initially, aluminium
was considered too cold for a domestic finish, but since it was
water-resistant and worked well outside, the aluminium recliner
2015 vol. 17_no. 1 39



Landscapes - Spring 2015

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Landscapes - Spring 2015

To Being With | Pour Commencer
The New Small | Le Microcosme Réinventé
Paula Meijerink, Guest Editor | Rédactrice invitée
EN_LP+ | Small Matters: Backgrounder
FR_LP+ | Prodigieuse Petitesse
Writers | Collaboratuers
Je Vois Montreal
Upfront | Prologue
Forêt urbaine
Urban Braille
Find Your Pebble
Folly Forest
Parklet Experiment
Klynstra Scholarship
Prix 2014 Schwabenbauer
The Common Sense Curb Cut
Essay | Essai
Doggy Style
Projects in Place: The LA Flash Mob
Tiny Taxonomy
Lying Down in Public
Kelowna asks, "What if,,"
A Non-Urban Approach X3
New Directions | Nouvelles Avenues
Opinion
Critique
The Last Word | Le Mot de la Fin
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - cover1
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - cover2
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 3
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 4
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 5
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 6
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 7
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - FR_LP+ | Prodigieuse Petitesse
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 9
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - Writers | Collaboratuers
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - Je Vois Montreal
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - The Common Sense Curb Cut
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 13
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 14
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 15
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 16
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 17
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 18
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 19
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - Essay | Essai
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 21
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 22
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 23
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - Doggy Style
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 25
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 26
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 27
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 28
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 29
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - Projects in Place: The LA Flash Mob
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 31
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - Tiny Taxonomy
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 33
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 34
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 35
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 36
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 37
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 38
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - Lying Down in Public
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 40
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 41
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - Kelowna asks, "What if,,"
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 43
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 44
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 45
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - A Non-Urban Approach X3
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 47
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 48
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 49
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - New Directions | Nouvelles Avenues
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 51
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 52
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 53
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - Opinion
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 55
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 56
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 57
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - Critique
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 59
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 60
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 61
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 62
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 63
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 64
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - 65
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - The Last Word | Le Mot de la Fin
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - cover3
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - cover4
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - LPplus1
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - LPplus2
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - LPplus3
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Landscapes - Spring 2015 - LPplus48
Landscapes - Spring 2015 - LPplus49
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