Landscapes - Spring 2016 - (Page 60)

1 2 ROBIN TRESS ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING FR_RESUMÉ LITTORAUX VIVANTS À Halifax, à Brûlé, dans l'île Caribou et à Malagash, des habitants à la recherche de solutions de remplacement aux digues de ciment et aux brise-lames de pierre ont joint leurs efforts à ceux du Centre d'action écologique et des entreprises locales pour mener des expériences de contrôle de l'érosion. Grâce à des initiatives inspirantes comme celle des Littoraux vivants, ils aident le paysage à contrer l'érosion du littoral. EN_ FOR ALL THOSE who work in the environmental field, climate change is an ever-pressing issue, and hope is a key ingredient in any success. The Leap Manifesto, inspired by the likes of Naomi Klein, David Suzuki and Stephen Lewis, is a recipe for hope. Since its September launch, almost 30 000 people and organizations have signed on, endorsing its vision for "a Canada based on caring for the earth and for one another." 60 LANDSCAPES PAYSAGES TAKING THAT FIRST LEAP Behind this vision is a simple truth: we, as a global society, don't have time to move slowly. We cannot passively amble towards a low-carbon, climate-smart future. We have to leap towards that future with both feet. The Leap Manifesto challenges us to run our society in a way that is sustainable for our environment, our economy and our communities. It is about more than reducing greenhouse gas emissions. This leap will require investments in low-carbon electricity production, public transit, local food systems and many other areas: it will require hard work. For people in coastal areas, it will involve preparing their communities for the impacts of climate change. THE WORK TO PREPARE OUR COASTS Nova Scotia can be described as a rainy would-be island: it is connected to New Brunswick by the low-lying Isthmus of Chignecto. Already, Nova Scotia is experiencing an increase in storm surges, floods and coastal erosion. Luckily, our New England neighbours can offer guidance on what we can do to prepare through inspiring initiatives such as Living Shorelines. Deeply rooted in the Living Shorelines coastal management ethos is the understanding that coastal ecosystems have thrived for billions of years. Without human interference, they are incredibly adaptive and observably resilient. Because coastal ecosystems such as beaches and salt marshes offer countless ecosystem services, Living Shorelines seeks to restore them, producing untold adaptive value for our communities. A "living shoreline" is generally defined as one in which landscapes manage coastal erosion: natural coastal processes remain. This can involve the strategic placement of plants, stone, sand fill and other structural and organic materials both above and below the high tide line. Unlike concrete breakwaters or other erosion and flood-control methods, these measures don't try to stop the coast from changing outright. Instead, native ecosystems manage erosion and flooding so that human communities can co-exist. These techniques are not the norm in North America, but today, many landscape architects are leading our Leap into a climate-smart future by pushing for Living Shorelines to be adopted by governments and consumers as the preferred method of coastal management. In Halifax, for example, the non-profit Ecology Action Centre has

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Landscapes - Spring 2016

Returning the Tide
A Question of Balance
A role for the Applied Ecologist
WET Design
The Ballad of Frog Plain
Landscape Laboratories|Laboratoires Paysagers
1000 Acres in Essex
3 Wetlands: 3 Discoverles...
Fen and White Cedar
Ecological Landscaping
The Last Word | Le Mot De La Fin

Landscapes - Spring 2016