Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 16

FROM GANDER WITH LOVE

04/
HOME TOWN HEROES
Pulling Together for
Sergeant Gander
COLLEEN MERCER CLARKE

1

EN_
GANDER, A SMALL, mid-century modern
town in the middle of the boreal forest of
Newfoundland, is the place where I was
born and raised. In the fifties and sixties
as I was growing up, Gander International
Airport was widely recognized as the first
and last stop for most trans-Atlantic
flights. Even then, when many Canadians
knew little about Newfoundland, most
people had at least heard of Gander.
Fewer people knew that during World War
II, Gander's newly constructed airfield
played a pivotal role in trans-Atlantic
aviation: it was a major flight base for the
North Atlantic Ferry Command.
HIGH FLIGHT
Ferry Command was a bold and crazy
idea. German attacks on shipping convoys
had decimated the ability of factories in
Canada and the United States to safely
deliver newly constructed aircraft to the
war theatres of Europe. Churchill and
Beaverbrook decided to try flying the
aircraft across the Atlantic, at a time
when there had as yet been fewer than
100 successful crossings by air.
On a high plateau, a safe distance from
the coast and the threats posed by the
German navy, Gander was tapped as a
jump-off point for aircraft that had been
flown in from Dorval Airport in Montréal.

Over the course of the War, intrepid
flight crews, backed by teams of radio
operators, ground crews and weather
forecasters, flew nearly 10,000 aircraft
across the North Atlantic to the United
Kingdom, often in the dark and cold, and
always without navigation systems and
radio contact.
I grew up with the children of Ferry
Command, and with other children whose
parents came after the war to staff the
international airport with its rapidly
increasing roster of trans-Atlantic flights.
Even during those relatively safe days
of civilian flight, Gander experienced
its share of air disasters, events so
catastrophic everyone in town turned
out, rallying around to support first
responders, to feed people, to comfort
children injured and newly orphaned.
Whether you were a skilled pilot or a high
school hospital volunteer, you stepped up
and did whatever you could. That is the
real legacy of my town.

1 SERGEANT GANDER WITH HIS ROYAL RIFLES
HANDLER 2 THE PARK IS A TESTIMONY TO
THE INGENUITY AND KNEE-ACHIING WORK OF
THE TOWN'S GREATEST SENIOR CITIZENS.
DRAWING 1 COURTESY ARTIST ANNE MAINMAN AND
NEWFOUND FRIENDS PHOTO 2 COLLEEN MERCER CLARKE

16 LANDSCAPES PAYSAGES

2

SERGEANT GANDER
In 2010, the older alumni of my high school
wanted a legacy project that celebrated
Gander's history. Why not erect a statue
to a wonderful Newfoundland dog, a hero
of World War II? "Pal" was originally a
family pet, but he was adopted as the
mascot of a regiment of the Royal Rifles
of Canada stationed in town early in the
War, and rechristened "Gander." Gander
rose quickly through the ranks to achieve
his Sergeant's stripes, and accompanied
the Regiment to Asia. Sgt. Gander served
his regiment with loyalty, and died while
protecting his men during the ferocious
Battle of Hong Kong. The survivors never
forgot Gander, and a half century later, in
2000, in recognition of his gallantry and
selfless bravery under fire, Sgt. Gander,
the Newfoundland dog, was awarded the
Dickin Medal (which has been described as
the Victoria Cross for animal service).



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Landscapes - Spring 2018

To Begin With
Our Writers
Upfront
Essay
THE TRIAD OF LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
CHANGZHI WETLAND PARK
AFTER THE DESIGNERS LEAVE THE ROOM
YOU CAN ONLY DESIGN A RIVER ONCE
CONVERSATION
A “PUF” OF INSPIRATION: TOWARD NET ZERO NEIGHBOURHOODS
THE TOUGH GET GOING ON THE WAY TO TRANSFORMATION
THE HALIFAX EXPLOSION: A STORY ONLY THE LANDSCAPE CAN TELL
INTERVIEW
CRITIQUE
PARTING SHOT | UNE DERNIÈRE SALVE
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - Intro
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - cover1
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - cover2
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 3
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 4
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 5
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 6
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 7
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - To Begin With
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 9
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - Our Writers
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 11
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 12
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 13
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - Upfront
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 15
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 16
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 17
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 18
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 19
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 20
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 21
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 22
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 23
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - Essay
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 25
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 26
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 27
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 28
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - THE TRIAD OF LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 30
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 31
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 32
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 33
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - CHANGZHI WETLAND PARK
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 35
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 36
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 37
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - AFTER THE DESIGNERS LEAVE THE ROOM
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 39
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 40
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 41
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 42
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - YOU CAN ONLY DESIGN A RIVER ONCE
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 44
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 45
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 46
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 47
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - CONVERSATION
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 49
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 50
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 51
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 52
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 53
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 54
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 55
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - A “PUF” OF INSPIRATION: TOWARD NET ZERO NEIGHBOURHOODS
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 57
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - THE TOUGH GET GOING ON THE WAY TO TRANSFORMATION
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 59
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 60
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 61
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - THE HALIFAX EXPLOSION: A STORY ONLY THE LANDSCAPE CAN TELL
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 63
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - INTERVIEW
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 65
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 66
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 67
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 68
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 69
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - CRITIQUE
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 71
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 72
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 73
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 74
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 75
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 76
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 77
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 78
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 79
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 80
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 81
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 82
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 83
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 84
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - 85
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - PARTING SHOT | UNE DERNIÈRE SALVE
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - cover3
Landscapes - Spring 2018 - cover4
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