Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 30

FOCUS

What often gives meaning and resonance
to memorials is their physical connection to
the incident being commemorated. For this
project, the landscape architecture team
was instrumental in selecting a location
with historic relevance to the incident.
The chosen site was in Vancouver's Coal
Harbour, offering panoramic views towards
the place where the steamship lay at
anchor one kilometre offshore, from May
to July 1914.
As memorial designers, we are often
tasked with being narrators of history. In
this instance, however, it is the ways that
materials are used in the landscape to
evoke or awaken our senses that moves us
and makes the experience truly profound.
Ninety-six years after the tragedy and
sixty-five years after the repeal of the
unjust legislation, the Government of
Canada was finally ready to recognize
the injustice and publicly apologize for
its actions. For the design team, the
deeper message was transparency, which
was achieved through a counterpoint
of materials. The memorial structure
is composed of facets of overlapping
25mm thick, perforated weathering steel
panels, symbolizing the hull of the ship
and enclosing a paved plaza. Central

to the memorial plaza, the steel panels
perfectly frame a view to the steamship's
anchoring site, establishing a critical visual
connection to the physical location of the
incident. The use of this solid material and

literal interpretation of the ship was the
desire of the Khalsa Diwan Society, but it is
the counterpoint of cutting and punching
through the steel that gives the site
its resonance.

2

Light spills through the thousands of
perforations in the steel panels. The panels,
featuring laser-cut names of the 376
passengers, are illuminated with low-voltage
LED lighting. The random patterns of
illumination animate the space, creating an
interplay of light and shadow that suggests
new perspectives and a new transparency
about the past. A ghostly, historic image of
some of the ill-fated passengers stares out
from a large, laminated glass panel in the
centre of the memorial to add a depth of
historic humanity to the design. Swaths of
perennial sedges and grasses, animated by
the wind, flow outwards from the memorial,
like ocean waves.
3

Air India Memorial,
Stanley Park, Vancouver BC

2 SWATHS OF GRASSES EVOCATIVE OF OCEAN WAVES FLOW OUTWARDS FROM
THE MEMORIAL 3 CURVED BENCH FACING COMMEMORATIVE WALL FRAMES
THE OCEAN VIEW 4 SYMBOLIC OF THE FLIGHT PATH, THE WALL TERMINATES
WITH A STONE FROM THE CRASH SITE 5 INFANT GARDEN IN SPRING

On June 23, 1985, Air India flight 182, which
originated in Vancouver, was bombed off the
coast of Ireland and an associated bombing
occurred at Japan's Narita Airport. Together,

PHOTOS 2 SCOTT MASSEY 3 LEILA ZEPPELIN 4 GAVIN MACKENZIE 5 WAYNE WORDEN

30 LANDSCAPES | PAYSAGES



Landscapes - Spring 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Landscapes - Spring 2020

To Begin With | Pour Commencer
Our Writers | Nos Collaborateurs
Prologue > Fr_ en_lp+ Sweeping the Forest Floor
Interview | Entrevue the Star Is in the Ballpark > fr_lp+
“Gravitas” – The Lost Airmen of the Empire
Creating Sacred Spaces – Weaving the Memorial Landscape
Sacré Montagne
Curating Calm in the Spirit of Mandalay, Myanmar
Kapabamayak Achaak | Wandering Spirit Healing Forest
By Invitation Only – Inclusive Playground Design
Battle of Kapyong Memorial Plaza
L’essentiel Est Invisible > en_lp+
Critique
The Parting Shot | Une DernièRe Salve
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Intro
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - cover1
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - cover2
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 3
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 4
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 5
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 6
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 7
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - To Begin With | Pour Commencer
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 9
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Our Writers | Nos Collaborateurs
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 11
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 12
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 13
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Prologue > Fr_ en_lp+ Sweeping the Forest Floor
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 15
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 16
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 17
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 18
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 19
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Interview | Entrevue the Star Is in the Ballpark > fr_lp+
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 21
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 22
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 23
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 24
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 25
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - “Gravitas” – The Lost Airmen of the Empire
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 27
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 28
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Creating Sacred Spaces – Weaving the Memorial Landscape
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 30
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 31
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 32
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Sacré Montagne
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 34
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 35
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Curating Calm in the Spirit of Mandalay, Myanmar
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 37
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 38
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 39
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Kapabamayak Achaak | Wandering Spirit Healing Forest
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 41
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 42
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 43
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - By Invitation Only – Inclusive Playground Design
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 45
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 46
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Battle of Kapyong Memorial Plaza
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 48
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 49
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 50
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - L’essentiel Est Invisible > en_lp+
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 52
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 53
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 54
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 55
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Critique
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 57
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 58
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 59
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 60
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 61
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 62
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 63
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 64
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 65
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - The Parting Shot | Une DernièRe Salve
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - cover3
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - cover4
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - LPplus 1
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