Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 31

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these events claimed 331 lives, which before
9/11, was the worst-ever case of aviation
terrorism. Twenty-two years after the
tragedy, our firm was retained for the site
selection and design of Vancouver's Air India
Memorial. Working under contract with
the Vancouver Park Board, the landscape
architects collaborated closely with the
Air India Review Secretariat and victims'
families to develop a concept for the 4,000
square metre site near Second Beach.
Given that the site chosen was not
geographically connected to the incident,
the design team utilized the power of
metaphor and materials to connect families
and visitors to the memory of the tragedy.
The main feature is a handcrafted stone wall
that rises from the ground in an arc, ending
abruptly to echo the abbreviated trajectory
of Flight 182. The name of each victim is
carved along the wall's monumental stone
cap and even at the wall's highest point,
the light-coloured capstone is within arm's
reach, inviting people to touch the names
and engage another sense. The memorial
wall terminates at a stone from the crash
site near Ahakista, Ireland, inset at its west
face, closest to the ocean.
Opposite the memorial wall is a
commemorative bench that mirrors the
wall's arc; between these are 331 slate
stones set into the lawn. Together, the wall
and bench effectively frame the view of the
ocean: the literal and symbolic link between

this memorial and the site of the tragedy
through the waters of the ocean. Fourteen
stones, one from each of the 331 victims'
countries of origin are set in the ground
plane at the base of the bench, further
connecting visitors and the families of those
directly affected by the tragedy. Behind
the wall, a stand of Dove Trees (Davidia
involucrata) were planted as living symbols
of peace.
The Air India Memorial site functions on
a variety of levels. For victims' families
and friends, it is a place to remember and
a place of closure. For others, it offers
an opportunity to experience a sense of
solace and healing by engaging with the
memorial wall and watching how it responds
to changing light and seasons. Many have
remarked at the wall's "lightness," and the
motion inherent in its sweeping arc and
gentle rise from the ground, giving life and
energy to an otherwise static object. To all,
however, the memorial remains a lasting
tribute to the victims and their families and
to the triumph of the human spirit in the
aftermath of tragedy.

Mountain View Cemetery,
Infant Garden, Vancouver, BC
In 2005, LEES+Associates was retained
by Mountain View Cemetery Manager
Glen Hodges to help commemorate over
10,000 infants that had been buried in the
early years of the City of Vancouver's only
cemetery. Between 1930 and 1971, 6,610

infants who were stillborn or who had died
shortly after birth were buried in the Jones
18 Section of the cemetery.
At that time, infant deaths were common,
and most did not see an infant as a person
with value as a human being. The prevailing
belief was that if a baby died at or shortly
after birth, it would be best for the mother
not to see her child. Unimaginable today,
medical staff of the day would remove a
dead infant immediately and the parents
were not told where it was taken. Infant
remains were sent weekly to the cemetery
for burial in a mass grave. Fathers were
advised not to allow their wives to grieve,
but to focus on having another child as soon
as possible. Bereaved families, however,
did not forget. Over the years, Mountain
View Cemetery received many calls from
parents, wondering if they had any record
of their child's burial.
Tasked with creating a meaningful place for
so many families that still longed for closure,
we looked first to the site. The remarkable
thing about the site was the incredible
absence of any sign of what had happened
there. A key idea arose from the fact that
Jones 18 had always been a wet area due
to the historic presence of China Creek,
which now flows in a culvert beneath the
site. This buried presence led to the concept
of a metaphoric stream, surrounded by a
garden of small plants in scale with the tiny
infants buried there.
SPRING | PRINTEMPS 2020 31



Landscapes - Spring 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Landscapes - Spring 2020

To Begin With | Pour Commencer
Our Writers | Nos Collaborateurs
Prologue > Fr_ en_lp+ Sweeping the Forest Floor
Interview | Entrevue the Star Is in the Ballpark > fr_lp+
“Gravitas” – The Lost Airmen of the Empire
Creating Sacred Spaces – Weaving the Memorial Landscape
Sacré Montagne
Curating Calm in the Spirit of Mandalay, Myanmar
Kapabamayak Achaak | Wandering Spirit Healing Forest
By Invitation Only – Inclusive Playground Design
Battle of Kapyong Memorial Plaza
L’essentiel Est Invisible > en_lp+
Critique
The Parting Shot | Une DernièRe Salve
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Intro
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - cover1
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - cover2
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 3
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 4
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 5
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 6
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 7
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - To Begin With | Pour Commencer
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 9
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Our Writers | Nos Collaborateurs
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 11
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 12
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 13
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Prologue > Fr_ en_lp+ Sweeping the Forest Floor
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 15
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 16
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 17
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 18
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 19
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Interview | Entrevue the Star Is in the Ballpark > fr_lp+
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 21
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 22
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 23
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 24
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 25
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - “Gravitas” – The Lost Airmen of the Empire
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 27
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 28
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Creating Sacred Spaces – Weaving the Memorial Landscape
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 30
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 31
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 32
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Sacré Montagne
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 34
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 35
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Curating Calm in the Spirit of Mandalay, Myanmar
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 37
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 38
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 39
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Kapabamayak Achaak | Wandering Spirit Healing Forest
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 41
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 42
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 43
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - By Invitation Only – Inclusive Playground Design
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 45
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 46
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Battle of Kapyong Memorial Plaza
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 48
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 49
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 50
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - L’essentiel Est Invisible > en_lp+
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 52
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 53
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 54
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 55
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Critique
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 57
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 58
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 59
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 60
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 61
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 62
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 63
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 64
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 65
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - The Parting Shot | Une DernièRe Salve
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - cover3
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - cover4
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - LPplus 1
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