Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 48

FOCUS

3

2

Perhaps it is fitting that during a Forgotten War a relatively
unknown battle would emerge as one of Canada's greatest, yet
least known military achievements. The Battle of Kapyong saw
700 soldiers of the Second Battalion Princess Patricia's Canadian
Light Infantry (2PPCLI) engage in what proved to be one of the
pivotal moments of the Korean War. To aid the South Korean
Army's southward retreat and prevent the City of Seoul from
falling to the Chinese, 2PPCLI and an Australian Battalion took up
separate positions in the mountains of the Kapyong River Valley
on April 22, 1951. To the east, the Chinese inflicted heavy casualties
on the Australians, eventually forcing their withdrawal on April
24. Situated only 40 kilometres north of Seoul, 700 Canadians
dug in to their position on Hill 677 which was the only remaining
obstacle to Seoul. The 700 found themselves defending Kapyong
against an entire division of 5,000 Communist soldiers. During two
nights filled with chaotic, heavy fighting, often at close quarters,
the Canadians managed to repel wave after wave of Communist
forces, whose continuous efforts to fan out and surround them
failed. Ten men from the Canadian Battalion lost their lives with
23 wounded, compared to approximately 2,000 Chinese soldiers
killed and wounded. The significance of this victory was such that
for the first time in Canadian Military history, a Canadian Battalion
would receive the United States Presidential Unit Citation from the
American government.
2 FACING 70 CONCRETE BLOCKS, THE 10 GRANITE BOULDERS
REPRESENTING THE CANADIAN TROOPS ILLUSTRATES THE
SEEMINGLY INSURMOUNTABLE ODDS OF BEING OUTNUMBERED 7:1
3 DEDICATION CEREMONY FOR THE KAPYONG MEMORIAL PLAZA
4 AERIAL OF MEMORIAL SITE JUST PRIOR TO PROJECT COMPLETION.
PHOTOS 1-3 IAN LEGGE 4 PRAIRIE RUBBER PAVING

48 LANDSCAPES | PAYSAGES

In 1973, to honor the gallantry of these men, the Canadian
Military renamed the Winnipeg-based Barracks where 2PPCLI
was stationed the Kapyong Barracks. To many, the Barracks
are the only association with the Kapyong name. In 2004,
2PPCLI relocated to Shilo, MB and with the potential sale of the
barracks land to Indigenous interests, the name Kapyong was
about to disappear from the public sphere. However in 2016,
to honor the 65th Anniversary of the battle and the remaining
local veterans of that battle, Winnipeg City Councilor Scott
Gillingham, in consultation with 2PPCLI, the Royal Military
Institute of Manitoba and the Korean Society of Manitoba,
introduced a motion in council to change the name of AmherstNess Park to Kapyong Park. With the military presence of the
Canadian Forces Base 17 Wing less than two kilometres away,
this park was deemed an ideal location for the renaming. The
motion was passed unanimously on April 12, 2016.
Bordered on the east and west by residential streets, with a
back-lane to the south and a regional street to the north, the
park features mature trees, an open grass space, a playground,
wading pool and a change building. In late 2016, Gillingham
reached out to the City of Winnipeg's Urban Design Division to
create a memorial area that would honour the fallen and tell the
story of this unknown, yet momentous battle.
In what must have been a terribly harrowing experience of
being outnumbered 5,000 to 700, or by a factor of 7 to 1,
veteran Bill Chrysler recounted in 2011, "There were so many
(enemy soldiers) you couldn't count them - wave after wave
after wave."



Landscapes - Spring 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Landscapes - Spring 2020

To Begin With | Pour Commencer
Our Writers | Nos Collaborateurs
Prologue > Fr_ en_lp+ Sweeping the Forest Floor
Interview | Entrevue the Star Is in the Ballpark > fr_lp+
“Gravitas” – The Lost Airmen of the Empire
Creating Sacred Spaces – Weaving the Memorial Landscape
Sacré Montagne
Curating Calm in the Spirit of Mandalay, Myanmar
Kapabamayak Achaak | Wandering Spirit Healing Forest
By Invitation Only – Inclusive Playground Design
Battle of Kapyong Memorial Plaza
L’essentiel Est Invisible > en_lp+
Critique
The Parting Shot | Une DernièRe Salve
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Intro
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - cover1
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - cover2
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 3
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 4
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 5
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 6
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 7
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - To Begin With | Pour Commencer
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 9
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Our Writers | Nos Collaborateurs
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 11
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 12
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 13
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Prologue > Fr_ en_lp+ Sweeping the Forest Floor
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 15
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 16
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 17
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 18
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 19
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Interview | Entrevue the Star Is in the Ballpark > fr_lp+
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 21
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 22
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 23
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 24
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 25
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - “Gravitas” – The Lost Airmen of the Empire
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 27
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 28
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Creating Sacred Spaces – Weaving the Memorial Landscape
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 30
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 31
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 32
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Sacré Montagne
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 34
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 35
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Curating Calm in the Spirit of Mandalay, Myanmar
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 37
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 38
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 39
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Kapabamayak Achaak | Wandering Spirit Healing Forest
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 41
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 42
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 43
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - By Invitation Only – Inclusive Playground Design
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 45
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 46
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Battle of Kapyong Memorial Plaza
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 48
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 49
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 50
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - L’essentiel Est Invisible > en_lp+
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 52
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 53
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 54
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 55
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Critique
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 57
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 58
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 59
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 60
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 61
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 62
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 63
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 64
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 65
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - The Parting Shot | Une DernièRe Salve
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - cover3
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - cover4
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - LPplus 1
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Landscapes - Spring 2020 - LPplus3
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Landscapes - Spring 2020 - LPplus5
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